Romeo and Juliet Act 4 & 5

pensive deeply thoughtful
wayward headstrong
vial small bottle containing medicine or other liquids
dismal causing gloom or misery
enjoined directed or ordered to do something
loathsome disgusting; detestable
Define the literary term of comic relief The introduction of a humorous character or situation into an otherwise tragic sequence of events
What problems does the Friar express with the upcoming marriage between Paris and Juliet? What is the real reason (that he can’t express to Paris)? The time is short and the plan is unusual; the real reason is that she’s married to Romeo already
Why is Paris visiting the Friar? What reason does he give to answer the Friar’s objections to the wedding? He came to let the Friar know of the wedding; it’ll stop Juliet’s crying over Tybalt
Why does Lord Capulet want to rush the wedding? He thinks it’ll stop Juliet’s sadness over Tybalt
Look at lines 18-36. What is Juliet doing here? Getting advice from Friar Lawrence
“Immoderately she weeps for Tybalt’s death, and therefore have I little talked of love; for Venus smiles not in a house of tears. Now, sir, her father counts it dangerous that she do give her sorrow so much sway, and in his wisdom hastes our marriage to stop the inundiation of her tears, which, she too minded by herself alone, may be put from her by society. Now do you know the reason of this haste. dramatic irony; Paris
[Aside] “I knew not why it should be slowed—- Look sir, here comes the lady toward my cell” Aside; Friar Lawrence
“Where I have learnt me to repent the sin of disobedient opposition to you and your behests, and am enjoined by holy Lawrence to fall prostrate here to beg your pardon. Pardon, I beseech you! Henceforward I am ever ruled by you” Dramatic Irony; Juliet
“Now, afore God, this reverend holy friar, all our whole city is much bound to him” Dramatic Irony; Lord Capulet
What is the purpose or effect of the opening lines between Capulet and the servant? Comic relief
How does Juliet ensure she will be alone to take her potion? In other words, what excuses does she use to get rid of her mother and the Nurse? She needs to pray and would like to be left alone.
Fear 1: Will Juliet be married by tomorrow? Solution: the knife will stop it (she can kill herself)
Fear 2: What if the Friar mixed the potion to kill Juliet? It shouldn’t be poison, he’s a trustworthy holy man.
Fear 3: What if when I am put in the tomb, I wake up before Romeo saves me? She could die of suffocation from being in there so long, she would be surrounded alive by death and darkness, she might go insane if she wakes up early.
Why does Juliet decide to take the potion? She drinks to the ghost of Tybalt.
“Thou shalt be loggerhead” Pun; Lord Capulet
Why do you think Shakespeare includes scene 4? What is the purpose or effect? Comic Relief
“Sleep for a week; for the next night, I warrant, The County Paris hath set up his rest that you shall rest but little. God forgive me! Marry, and amen/ How sound is she asleep!” dramatic irony; Nurse
“Alas, alas! Help, help! My lady’s dead! O weraday that ever I was born! Some aqua vitae, ho! My lord! My lady!” dramatic irony; Nurse
“Death lies on her like an untimely frost upon the sweetest power of all the field” simile; Lord Capulet
“Death, that hath ta’en her hence to make me wail, ties up my tongue and will not let me speak” personification/dramatic irony; Lord Capulet
“Death is my son-in-law, Death is my heir, My daughter he hath wedded. I will die and leave him all. Life, living, all is Death’s” metaphor/personification; Lord Capulet
“Most detestable Death, by thee beguiled” personification; Paris
“All things that we ordained festival turned from their office to black funeral—-our instruments to melancholy bells, our wedding cheer to a sad burial feast; our solemn hymns to sullen dirges change; our bridal flowers serve for a buried corse; and all things change them to the contrary” irony/dramatic irony; Lord Capulet
“Then will I lay the serving-creature’s dagger on your pate. I will carry no crotchets. I’ll re you. I’ll fa you. Do you note me?” comic relief/pun; Peter
What happens in scene 5? Juliet’s parents find out she’s ‘dead’
Describe your thoughts on Juliet’s parents’ reactions. How do they differ from Friar Lawrence’s reaction? Why might Friar Lawrence be able to give this advice? They react so torn up and sad, especially since the wedding cannot occur. The Friar isn’t all that sad knowing she’ll wake up in a few hours.
The scene ends with a brief conversation among Peter and the musicians. Why? What is it and what is its purpose or effect? comic relief
remnants what is left over; remainders
penury extreme poverty
disperse break up and scatter in all directions; spread out; distribute wisely
haughty arrogant
ambiguities statements or evens whose meanings are unclear
scourge instrument for inflicting punishment
tragedy a drama in which the main character, who is of noble stature, meets with great misfortune
fate (motif) a pre-planned destiny over which the hero has little or no control
“I dreamt my lady came and found me dead (Strange dream that gives a dead man leave to think!) And breathed such life with kisses in my lips that I revived and was an emperor” foreshadowing; Romeo
“Her body sleeps in Capels’ monument and her immortal part with angels lives. I saw her laid low in her kindred’s vault and presently took post to tell it you” dramatic irony; Romeo
“I do beseech you, sir, have patience. Your looks are pale and wild and do import some misadventure” foreshadowing; Balthasar
How is the role of fate present in Line 24? Romeo can’t control knowing about Juliet’s “death” and he defies the stars
What news does Balthasar have to give Romeo? How does Romeo react to it? What does he ask Balthasar to get for him? He saw Juliet’s body in the Capulet monument; Romeo becomes very impatient and wants to see her; He asks Balthasar to get him the horses, ink, and paper.
Why does Romeo choose this specific Apothecary to sell him the poison? How does Romeo persuade the Apothecary to provide the poison? What are the characteristics of the poison Romeo asks for? What is the Apothecary’s reaction? What motivates the Apothecary? He knows the poor man would sell it to him; he gives him 40 ducats; lethal, fast working;n it’s against the law; he wants the money
Who is Friar John and what is his role in the play? He is another friar and he’s supposed to deliver Romeo a letter from Friar L., but couldn’t because he was stuck in a house w/ plague.
What does Friar Lawrence plan to do when he learns that his message has not been delivered and why? He plans to write again to Romeo and keep Juliet in the cell until he comes so that they can be together.
74-120 Soliloquy; Romeo
“Why are thou yet so fair? Shall I believe that unsubstantial Death is amorous, and that the lean abhorred monster keeps thee here in dark to be his paramount?” personification/dramatic irony; Romeo
“Stay then; I’ll go alone. Fear comes upon me. O, much I fear some ill unthrifty thing.” foreshadowing; Friar Lawrence
“Romeo! Alack, alack, what blood is this which stains the stony entrance other this sepulcher? What mean these masterless and gory swords to lie discolored by this place of peace?” foreshadowing; Friar Lawrence
“This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die” [She stabs herself and falls] irony; Juliet
Who is at the tomb at the beginning of the scene? Why is he there? What has he brought? What does this show about his character? Paris; to see Juliet’s tomb; flowers; he cares about her
What warning does Romeo give Balthasar when they arrive at the tomb? What reason does Romeo give Balthasar for needing to enter the Capulet tomb? To not interrupt his plan or get killed; to take the ring from Juliet’s finger.
What happens when Romeo confronts Paris? When does Romeo discover who his opponent is? What is Paris’s last request? Does Romeo honor it? They fight; when he sees his face once he kills him; to be laid next to Juliet; yes
What does Romeo notice about Juliet two different times? How does this make Romeo’s death even more tragic? Juliet is still beautiful ‘dead’ and she looks alive even in her death; he dies for Juliet, but she was never dead
What is Friar Lawrence’s last plan for Juliet, which he explains in lines 151-159? To take her to a sisterhood of holy nuns
Why does Friar Lawrence leave Juliet alone? He heard a noise and panicked and left
Why does Juliet kiss Romeo? What is so sad about line 167? To get any left over poison from his lips; his lips are still warm
What does Lord Capulet initially think happened to Juliet in lines 202-205? He thinks she was stabbed by Romeo
What tragic event does Lord Montague mention in lines 210-212? Keep a list of all the characters who have died. His wife died of shock of Romeo’s exile; Paris, Romeo, Juliet, Tybalt, Mercutio, Lady Montague
What part of the puzzle does Balthasar put in? He brought news of Juliet’s death, he delivered the letter to Lord Montague, he had to leave Romeo alone or die.
What part of the puzzle does Paris’s Page put in? He stood far away upon Paris’s request, but witnesses the fight between Paris and Romeo
What part of the puzzle does Friar Lawrence put in? He married Romeo and Juliet the day Tybalt died, that’s why he couldn’t marry Paris and Juliet, he was behind the plan for the potion, he knew why Juliet was truly upset, he knew what went wrong with Friar John
What does the prince mean by lines 294-95? Why does he say he deserves punishment? His family members died from the feud; he should’ve stopped it earlier
What gesture do Capulet and Montague make at the end of the play? How does this fulfill the prediction of the prologue? To make statues in honor of their children; they make peace

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