Romeo and Juliet: Act 1 Vocabulary and Literary Terms

Define adversary. Adversary: One’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute; rival
Define oppression. Oppression: 1) Prolonged cruel and unjust treatment or control 2) Mental pressure or distress
Define transgression. Transgression: An act that goes against a law, rule, or code of conduct; an offense
Define boisterous. Boisterous: Noisy, energetic, and cheerful; rowdy
Define pernicious. Pernicious: Having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way
Define augmenting. Augmenting: Making something greater by adding to it; increasing
Define nuptial. Nuptial: 1) A wedding 2) Relating to marriage or weddings
Define aside. Aside: A brief remark a character makes to the audience rather than to other characters.
Define monologue. Monologue: A long, uninterrupted speech delivered by a character to other characters on stage
Define prologue. Prologue: A separate introductory section of a literary or musical work.
Define foil. Foil: A character who contrasts with another character in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character
Define foreshadowing. Foreshadowing: An advance sign or warning of what is to come in the future of the play
Define pun. Pun: a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word
Define oxymoron. Oxymoron: a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear together
Define epithet. Epithet: an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a characteristic of the person or name mentioned
Define iambic pentameter. Iambic Pentameter: a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable

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