Romeo and Juliet – Act 1 Quiz

foil character A character who is used as a contrast to another character; the contrast emphasizes the differences between the two characters, bringing out the distinctive qualities in each.
How does Shakespeare use foils to enhance characterization in the play Romeo and Juliet? He uses them to highlight the characteristics of the main characters by highlighting the differences between the main characters (Romeo and Juliet) and a minor character (Mercurio and Rosalind).
Pun a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
What is the meaning of the final couplet in Act 1: “Good Night Good Night ! Parting is such sweet sorrow. That I shall say good night till it be morrow.” Romeo is leaving Juliet’s chambers. Juliet says that leaving him is sorrowful but it is not all bad because she will see him again soon.
What plot elements and purposes are revealed in the prologue of Romeo and Juliet? In Shakespeare’s Prologue to Romeo and Juliet serves as an exposition. In the form of a sonnet, the Prologue tells the audience that the play is set in Verona. We learn of the feud between the Montagues and the Capulets, and we learn that a “pair of star-cross’d lovers” come from these feuding families.
Prologue introductory remarks in a speech, play or literary work, introductory actionThe obvious function of the Prologue as introduction to the Verona of Romeo and Juliet can obscure its deeper, more important function. The Prologue does not merely set the scene of Romeo and Juliet, it tells the audience exactly what is going to happen in the play.
star-crossed lovers Two characters engaged in a love affair fated to end tragically for one or both due to the disapproval of society, friends, family, or some tragic situation.The Prologue refers to an ill-fated couple with its use of the word “star-crossed,” which means, literally, against the stars. Stars were thought to control people’s destinies. But the Prologue itself creates this sense of fate by providing the audience with the knowledge that Romeo and Juliet will die even before the play has begun. The audience therefore watches the play with the expectation that it must fulfill the terms set in the Prologue. The structure of the play itself is the fate from which Romeo and Juliet cannot escape.
Exposition/Introduction Introduces the characters, settings, and opening situations of a story
Chorus The Chorus, often played by a single narrator, opens Romeo and Juliet with a brief summary of what’s to come on stage. Just as the Chorus in ancient Greek tragedies provided a commentary on events in the play for the audience, so Shakespeare’s Chorus sets the scene for tragedy.
What is the rhyme scheme in the Prologue of Romeo and Juliet? Shakespeare wrote the prologue of “Romeo and Juliet” in the form of a Shakespearean sonnet, which means that the prologue is a poem with 14 lines written in iambic pentameter. The sonnet also contains a specific rhyme scheme (abab cdcd efef gg) and can be broken down into three quatrains and a final rhyming couplet.
Sonnets a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.
bite your thumb insulting obscene gestureThumb biting, which involves biting and then flicking one’s thumb from behind the upper teeth, is a Shakespearean version of flipping someone the bird.
Why are the Montague and Capulet boys afraid to START the fight? they don’t want to get in trouble
What is Benvolio’s motivation? Benvolio attempts to prevent violence between the Capulets’ and the Montagues’. Benvolio’s motivation is to stop all fights and deaths between the two houses. Benvolio plays the role of peacekeeper in the play.
What is Tybalt’s motivation and the meaning of his speech? Tybalt represents the ongoing feud between the houses of Capulet and Montague. He is indirectly responsible for the tragic deaths of Romeo and Juliet. He tries to provoke a quarrel with Romeo because he feels outraged at Romeo’s party-crashing. His speech is to try to incite the fight that Mercurio is trying to break up.
What is the reaction of the citizens to the fight in Romeo and Juliet? A group of citizens bearing clubs attempts to restore the peace by beating down the combatants. The fight rapidly escalates as more citizens become involved and soon the heads of both households appear on the scene.
What is the Prince’s speech (monologue) to both sides, his tone and proclamations? Prince Escalus arrives and commands the fighting stop on penalty of torture. The Capulets and Montagues throw down their weapons. The Prince declares the violence between the two families has gone on for too long, and proclaims a death sentence upon anyone who disturbs the civil peace again. His tone is disappointed, upset, and angry.
How are lines 104-123 in Act 1 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet a sonnet? When Romeo and Juliet meet they speak just fourteen lines before their first kiss. These fourteen lines make up a shared sonnet, with a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg. A sonnet is a perfect, idealized poetic form often used to write about love. Encapsulating the moment of origin of Romeo and Juliet’s love within a sonnet therefore creates a perfect match between literary content and formal style.
How is the sonnet in Act 1 Scene 5 an extended metaphor? The first conversation between Romeo and Juliet is an extended Christian metaphor. Using this metaphor, Romeo ingeniously manages to convince Juliet to let him kiss her. But the metaphor holds many further functions. The religious overtones of the conversation clearly imply that their love can be described only through the vocabulary of religion, that pure association with God. In this way, their love becomes associated with the purity and passion of the divine.
What images are used in the metaphor and why? The images are of Juliet as a saint and Romeo as a pilgrim who wishes to erase his sin. Images of Christian faith. The images are used to show their love creates a conflict with religion.
What do Romeo and Juliet’s lines in first meeting create in Act 1 Scene 5? A dramatic sense of romance and danger.
What are Romeo’s first four lines in Act 1 Scene 5 called? He uses figurative language in the form of a simile and it is also a soliloquy (an act of speaking one’s thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play)
What are the last two lines called? couplet
Couplet A pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a poem.
Pilgrimage A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Who is the “pilgrim” in the passage? Romeo
Who is the “holy saint” in the passage? Juliet
How does the Juliet’s line, “You kiss by the book,” connect to the passage? When she says “you kiss by the book” she is referring to his second kiss. Romeo argues that kissing Juliet is like kissing a saint which will “purge him of his sins.” … Then she says “you kiss by the book” meaning he is taking what she says literally by pretending that the “sin” is a physical thing on her lips. So this connects to the passage because it is a religious metaphor.

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