Romeo and Juliet Act 1

how many acts does each Shakespeare play have? 5
in Shakespeare’s plays, which act is always the climax? 3
what are the 3 types of writing in Shakespeare? Prose, Blank Verse, Shakespearean Sonnet
definition of prose; who speaks this way? normal everyday talking, iambic pentameter (rhythmic pattern); servants
what is iambic pentameter? how many “iams” are there? unaccented syllable followed by accented syllable (represents a heartbeat); 5
definition of blank verse; who speaks this way? unrhyming iambic pentammeter; middle-upper class, minor characters
definition of Shakespearean sonnet; who speaks this way? rhyming iambic pentameter with 14 lines (3 quatrains and 1 rhyming couplet); most important characters
rhyme scheme of Shakespearean sonnet ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
approximate/near/slant rhyming looks same, doesn’t sound the same
what is Benvolio’s personality like? good
what is Tybalt’s personality like? bold, full of fire, temper
characters opposite one another foils
refers to a literary piece or a historical place or person allusion
how long is a fortnight? 2 weeks
metaphor that goes in-depth extended metaphor
young gentlemen that come to parties in masks to flirt maskers
Romeo’s best friend (still gets along with Capulets) Mercutio
which of Romeo’s friends may have feelings for him? Mercutio
long speech given by on person, meant to be heard by everyone monologue
refers to anything that has to do with the sea nautical imagery
why was nautical imagery used in Shakespeare’s time? (historical reference) Spanish Armada
something is out of place time or season wise (error) anachronism
“a fire in July in Italy” is an example of what? anachronism
adjective used in a derogatory way to put someone down epithet
4 things we learn about the play from the prologue Two similar households fighting causes death; Kids from each family fall in love and die; It will be told in two hours; And if you listen carefully you will understand, and if you’ve missed anything it will be repeated
what does it mean to be “star-crossed lovers”? aren’t meant to be together
What evidence can you cite that even today some people refer to the “stars” as a guide to their fate? Horoscopes
a fight between families or people that has gone on so long you don’t even remember why you are fighting feud
a play on words (hard to understand nowadays) pun
What does Shakespeare love to include in his plays, but they are hard to understand nowadays. dirty jokes
example of a pun MERCUTIO: Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance. ROMEO: Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes/With nimble soles, I have a soul of lead/So stakes me to the ground I cannot move.
a whisper the people on stage aren’t meant to hear but people offstage are aside
ruler of Verona who has repeatedly warned the families about fighting Prince Escalus
enemies adversaries
worth or value esteem
to waste away because of depression languish
a long pointed sword rapier
sin transgression
brave, courageous valiant
pure, virginal chaste
complaint, distress grievance
to eliminate or to rid of purge
a serious gathering of people solemnity
wicked, deadly pernicious
to add to augumenting
someone who speaks out against the teachings of the church heretic
What does Sampson do to provoke Abraham into fighting? What might a modern day equivalent be? bites his thumb; flipping him off
What is Tybalt’s role in the fight? What is Benvolio’s role? What can you conclude about their respective personalities? urges it on; tries to end it; they are foils
Cite specific evidence from the Prince’s speech that proves the fight today is just one in a recent series of fights. “Thrice you have disturbed the quiet of our streets.”
What does the Prince say he will do if the Montagues and Capulets continue to fight? Kill whoever starts the next one
What do we learn about Romeo from Benvolio and Montague’s conversation? He’s depressed
What does Benvolio discover is the cause of Romeo’s unhappiness? In love with someone who doesn’t love him
What advice does Benvolio give Romeo? What does Romeo say in response to Benvolio’s advice? Move on; He can’t forget her
As Act I, scene 2 opens, what are Lord Capulet and Count Paris discussing? ending the feud between the Montagues and Capulets
Why has Paris come to see Lord Capulet? to see if he can marry Juliet
How old is Juliet according to Lord Capulet? 12
What does Lord Capulet say happens to women who marry to early? they grow old too fast
What advice does Lord Capulet give Count Paris (about Juliet)? Give her a few more years and flirt with her
What does Lord Capulet have planned for the evening? a party
Why does Capulet’s servant search for a “learned” person? He can’t read who to invite to the party
Who does Lord Capulet’s servant find to help him read the invitation? What does the servant say to him that is ironic? Romeo and Benvolio; “If you aren’t a Montague come to the party”
Who does Benvolio say will be at the party? Why does Benvolio think Romeo should go to the party? Rosaline. Benvolio can show him there are girls better than her
What are Romeo’s thoughts as he agrees to go to the party? Knowing what you already know, what is this ironic? What kind of irony is this? He won’t find anyone. We know that he will find someone. Dramatic irony.
What character traits are revealed in the nurse’s speeches? joking, sexual, down to earth, big mouth
Why has Lady Capulet called for Juliet? to tell her about Count Paris
An example of a pun from Lady Capulet’s words to Juliet. Marry that “marry” is the very theme I came to talk of. Tell me, daughter Juliet, How stands your dispositions to be married?
What extended metaphor does Lady Capulet employ in her description of Paris? Paris is a book
According to Lady Capulet, what qualities are most important in a man? looks and money
example of a rhyming couplet from act 1 scene 3 LADY CAPULET: We follow thee. Juliet, the County stays. NURSE: Go, girl, seek happy nights to happy days.
example of a pun in Romeo’s lines (2 examples) But, let them measure us by what they will, We’ll measure them a measure and be gone.- You have dancing shoes With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead So stakes me to the ground I cannot move.
what significance does Mercutio give to dreams? what does Romeo give mean nothing; mean everything
what are three things Mercutio does that is revealed in his story telling talks just to hear himself talk; 2 different sides; imagination
what is a line of Romeo’s that seems to support his belief in astrology I fear, too early; for my mind misgives Some consequence yet hanging in the stars
what simile does Romeo use to describe Juliet upon first seeing her? jewel on the cheek of an Ethiopian
What does Tybalt want to do when he first recognizes Romeo’s voice? he wants to fight
What does Capulet tell Tybalt to do about Romeo at the party? What is Tybalt’s response? What might this foreshadow? ignore him, don’t fight; he will let it pass but won’t forget; something will happen between Tybalt and Romeo
What minor subterfuge does Juliet engage in as the guests begin to leave? asking about people to see who Romeo is
What does Juliet say she will do when she finds out Romeo is a Montague? if he is married she will kill herself
What is this? “SAMPSON: Gregory, on my word, we’ll not carry coals. GREGORY: No, for then we should be colliers. SAMPSON: I mean, an we be in choler, we’ll draw. GREGORY: Ay, while you live, draw your neck out of collar. pun
Who said, “The quarrel is between our masters and us their men” Gregory
Who said, “I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword. Or manage it to part these men with me” Benvolio
Who said, “What, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee. Have at thee, coward!” Tybalt
What is this? “Will they not hear? What, ho! You men, you beasts That quench the fire of your pernicious rage With purple fountains issuing from your veins!” metaphor
What is this? If ever you disturb our streets again, You lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace. foreshadowing
What is this? ” Madam, an hour before the worshiped sun Peered forth the golden window of the East, A troubled mind drave me to walk abroad.” personification
Who said this? “Many a morning hath he there been seen. With tears augmenting the fresh morning’s dew, Adding to clouds more clouds with his deep sighs.” Montague
What is this? “Black and portentous must this humor prove Unless good counsel may the cause remove” rhyming couplet
What is this? “As is the bud bit with an envious worm Ere he can spread his sweet leaves to the air Or dedicate his beauty to the sun.” simile
Who says this? “See, where he comes, So please you step aside; I’ll know his grievance, or be much denied.” Benvolio
What are these? “O brawling love, O loving hate, O anything, of nothing first created! O heavy lightness, serious vanity, Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms, Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is! oxymorons
What is this? “Love is a smoke ll, and a preserving sweet. Farewell, my coz.made with the fume of sighs; Being purged, a fire sparkling in lovers’ eyes; Being vexed, a sea nourished with loving tears. What is it else? A madness most discreet, A choking gall, and a preserving sweet. Farewell, my coz.” metaphor
What is this? “Earth hath swallowed all my hopes but she; She is the hopeful lady of me earth… My will to her consent is but a part. An she agree, within her scope of choice Lies my consent and fair according voice… When well-appareled April on the heel of Limping Winter treads, even such delight Among fresh flennel buds shall you this night Inherit at my house.” personification
What is this? “Compare her face with some that I shall show, And I will make thee think thy swan a crow.” foreshadowing
Who said this? “When the devout religion of mine eye Maintains such falsehood, then turn tears to fires: And these, who, often drowned, could never die, Transparent heretics, be burnt for liars! Romeo
Who said this? “One fairer my love? The all-seeing sun Ne’er saw her match since first the world begun.” Romeo
What is this? “Marry, that “marry” is the very theme I came to talk of. Tell me, daughter Juliet, How stands your dispositions to be married?” pun
What is this? “NURSE:As all the world- why, he’s a man of wax. LADY CAPULET: Verona’s summer hath not such a flower. NURSE: Nay, he’s a flower, in faith- a very flower.” metaphor
What is this? “Read o’er the volume of young Paris’ face, And find delight writ there with beauty’s pen; Examine every married lineament, And see how one another lends content; And what obscured in this fair volume lies Find written in the margent of his eyes. This precious book of love, this unbound lover, To beautify him only lacks a cover. The fish lives in the sea, and ’tis much pride For fair without the fair within to hide. That book in many’s eyes doth share the glory, That in gold clasps locks in the golden story;” extended metaphor
What is this? “But, let them measure us by what they will, We’ll measure them a measure and be gone.” pun
What is this? “You have dancing shoes with nimble soles; I have a soul of lead So stakes me to the ground I cannot move.” pun
What is this? “ROMEO: I dreamt a dream tonight. MERCUTIO: And so did I. ROMEO: Well, what was yours? MERCUTIO: That dreamers often lie. ROMEO: In bed asleep, while they do dream things true.” foreshadowing, pun
What is this? “I fear too early; for my mind misgives Some consequence yet hanging in the stars Shall bitterly beginhis fearful date With this night’s revels and expire the term Of a despised life, closed in my breast, By some vile forfeit of intimely death.: foreshadowing
What is this? “But he that hath the steerage of my course Direct my sail! On, lusty gentlemen!” nautical imagery
What is this? “O, She doth teach the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night As a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear- Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear!” simile
What is this? “Ay, so i fear: the more is my unrest.” foreshadowing
What is this? “Go ask his name- If he is married. My grave is like to be my wedding bed.” foreshadowing
What is this? “My only love, sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late!” irony (situational)

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