Romeo and Juliet

Romeo He is Juliets secret lover and is part of the Montague family. He ends up killing himself to be with his wife Juliet.
Juliet Romeo’s love and is part of the Capulet family and originally supposed to marry Paris.
Capulet Juliet’s father who threatens Juliet and says that if she doesn’t marry Paris he will disown her.
Lady Capulet Juliet’s mother
Montague Romeo’s father
Lady Montague Romeo’s mother, dies from grief of Romeo’s banishment
Nurse Juliet’s nurse, who helps Juliet with her love problems (sneak around with Romeo)
Prince law enforcer
Friar Lawrence Priest, who gives Juliet the Poison (sleep potion) and supports Romeo and Juliet’s marriage, and marries Romeo and Juliet
Paris Juliets soon to be husband; Prince’s kinsman
**Balthasar Romeo’s servingman (messenger)
**Mercutio Prince’s kinsman; outspoken and not related to either of the families (Romeo’s friend)
**Benvolio Montague kinsman, Romeo’s cousin, tries to keep the peace between the montague and capulet families
**Tybalt Capulets kinsman, Juliet’s cousin, responsible for Mercutio’s death
Rosaline (Even though she doesn’t have a speaking part, you need to know who she is)- Romeo’s first love and she doesn’t love him back and he’s depressed
IMPORTANT QUOTATIONS Pg 53 line 51 example of Light/ dark imagery→ O She doth teach the torches to burn bright-Romeo pg 57 line 102-104 example of foreshadow-Tybalt pg 69 line 35 romeo and Juliet meet mostly in dark-Benvolio pg 71 line 36 famous line/important quote/why are you a Montague?-Juliet pg 109-111 juliet tells romeo not to be so impulsive/ forshadowing- Nurse and Juliet/ Friar Lawrence pg 159 line 54-58 foreshadowing death-Juliet and Romeopg 225 line 86 light dark imagery- Romeo pg 227 line 101 romeo says that Juliet doesn’t look dead yet/questions death-Romeo pg 231 line 58-59 how fate has ruined plans-Friar Lawrence pg 233 line 176 foreshadowing outside of Juliet’s grave- Page pg 243 doesn’t punish friar because he helped and all are “punished” for losing romeo and juliet- Prince Act 1 Scene 4 Romeo doesn’t think he should go to the party (foreshadowing→ death)
Themes in Romeo and Juliet 1-It is necessary to think before acting: Romeo did not think before killing Tybalt. He was then banished.2-Holding grudges/not getting along can cause problems: The Montagues and Capulets feud ended up causing Romeo and Juliet’s death because they had to keep their wedding a secret.3-Hiding things can lead to trouble/don’t hide things from your parents: Romeo and Juliet hid their wedding, so Juliet was supposed to marry Paris, and then they all ultimately died.4-Telling one lie leads to more lies: The whole secret wedding thing5-We can’t escape fate: Fate did not want Romeo and Juliet to be together.6-Timing, communication and trust are extremely important: If Juliet took the potion earlier, she and Romeo would probably still have been alive.7-Honesty will be rewarded: If they were honest about their wedding, Romeo and Juliets’ families might have gotten along.8-Tragedy brings people together: When Romeo and Juliet died, the Montagues and Capulets ended their feud.
Dramatic Irony (definition: Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play ) Juliet taking the vial to make her appear dead when she really isn’t Capulet wanting Juliet to marry Paris when Juliet is already married to RomeoCapulet thinks Juliet is sad because of Tybalts death, but really because Romeo
Examples of Light/Dark Imagery related to Romeo and Juliets relationship ex: uncovering Romeo and Juliets relationship, they can only meet at night symbolizes secrecy and day symbolizes truth/reality when they have to leave each other.
Conflict person vs fate: Romeo and Juliet vs fate: fate does not want them to be together 1. Romeo and Juliet’s families hate each other→ love is not allowed between the two lovers 2. Juliet’s parents want her to marry Paris, who she does not love 3. Friar Lawrence’s letter to Romeo about the poison he gave to Juliet did not get to Romeo on time→ Juliet and Romeo’s death
Characteristics of Shakespearean Tragedy 1. Primary conflict- person vs. fate –> main conflict→ fate prevents them from being with each other 2. conflict between groups and hero’s inner conflict 3. tragic hero flaw: -usually of high social class – suffers – sudden reversal of fortune – tragic flaw (ultimately; hero’s death) – Super natural elements/ magic – Good vs. Evil -Cycle of tragedy – Good→ Evil→ Chaos→ Death→ reassertion of good ex: Romeo→ impulsive ex: Juliet→ Loyal to a fault
Characterization Juliet- loyal to Romeo and doesn’t have a lot of control over her life because of gender and age Romeo- Acts on impulse
Foreshadowing -“She doth teach the torches to burn bright” foreshadows the torches burning bright at Juliet’s tomb-Romeo’s dream about something that happens at the party eventually causing his death foreshadows his death.
Prologue In the city of Verona, two families (neighboring) have a long history of hatred. The families’ children fall in love and become star-crossed lovers. This puts the two families into an even bigger feud. The children soon commit suicide, thus ending the feud.
Act 3 Scene 4 Paris still wants to marry JulietJuliet’s father changes his mind about waiting a few years before she gets married (grief for Tybalt) Paris asks if they can get married next week, Capulet decides sure→ Paris is a “great guy” in Capulets eyes DRAMATIC IRONY: already married, but doesn’t want to marry anyone else
Act 3 Scene 5 Foreshadowing→ death pg 159 Romeo and Juliet spend the night together Lady Capulet comes in to tell Juliet she’s going to marry Paris in two days→ Lady Capulet gets mad at what Juliet says which is basically no! Lord Capulet receives the news about Juliet not wanting Paris ad he verbally abuses and tells her he’ll kick her out of the house Juliet turns to Friar Lawrence for help and if that doesn’t work suicide is her only option
Act 4 Scene 1 Paris is at the Friar’s, Juliet the shows up and doesn’t want to see Paris, Paris leaves and gives Juliet a kissJuliet says she wil kill herslef if Friar can;t help Friar tells Juliet about a potion that will “knock her out” for 42 hours When Frair and Romeo come and find Juliet to wake her up the two cna then run off to Mantua Romeo is promised a letter from Frair, so he knows what’s going on Juliet takes the potion
Act 4 Scene 2 Juliet apologizes to her parents and agrees she will “marry” ParisLord Capulet is excited and decides the marriage will be held the next day
Act 4 Scene 4 Everyone is setting up for the wedding and doesn’t realize yet that Juliet is “dead”The nurse then finds Juliet on her bed “dead”
Act 4 Scene 3 Juliet drinks the potion, but before taking it she freaks out becuase she’s afraid it’s real and then she will wake up surrounded by dead bodies (even Tybalt)
Act 4 Scene 5 The Friar shows up telling Juliets family to take her to the tomb ASAP
Act 5 Scene 1 Romeo has a dream that Juliet finds him dead→ foreshadowing Balthasar ( Romeo’s servant) tells Romeo Juliet’s dead Romeo decides to go to Verona
Act 5 Scene 2 Romeo didn’t get Friar Lawrence message because Friar John was delayed because of a mix upFriar Lawrence thinks he’s gonna have to go to her tomb himself to save everything bad from happening
Act 5 Scene 3 Romeo goes to Juliet;s tomb and finds Paris there Paris thinks Romeo’s going to dishonor CapuletsParis tries to do a citizens arrest on Romeo→ Romeo kills Paris (fighting first)Romeo hugs and kisses Juliet and then drinks the poison Friar comes in and sees Romeo deadJuliet wakes up and sees dead RomeoFrair tells Juliet to run Juliet tries to drink what is left of poison Juliet stabs and kills herself The capulets and Montague’s see both dead→ end of family fued→ built statues for their children The prince says some inolved with the death of Juliet and Romeo will be excused, others will be punished
Capulets Sampson, Tybalt, Capulet, Lady Capulet, Juliet
Montagues Gregory, Abram, Benvolio, Montague, Lady Montague, Romeo
“O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!” Romeo says this. It is important because it foreshadows her death.
“O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?” Juliet says this. Juliet is asking why Romeo is a Montague.
“A plague o’ both your houses!” Prince says this. Foreshadows Romeo and Juliet’s death
“O, I am Fortune’s fool!” Romeo says this. He says this right after killing Tybalt. He knows he should not have killed him, but he did it out of revenge.
“I tell thee what: get thee to chruch o’ Thursday, Or never after look me in the face.” Capulet says this to Juliet. He wants her to marry Paris, but Juliet refuses. Capulet decides to disown her if she doesn’t marry Paris.
“Go thither, and with unattained eyeCompare her face with some that I shall show,And I will make thee think thy swan a crow.” Benvolio says this. He says this to get Romeo’s mind off of Rosaline. He thinks Romeo can find a prettier girl that will make him forget all about Rosaline.
“Thou art not conquered. Beauty’s ensign yet Is crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks…” Romeo says this when he visits Juliet’s tomb. Romeo is questioning whether Juliet is really dead because he can tell she still has color and beauty.
Why does Romeo have second thoughts about going to the party at the Capulets’ house? He doesn’t want to get in trouble with the Capulets or his family. He also thinks that the party will be the death of him (foreshadow).
Why does Friar Lawrence agree to marry Romeo and Juliet? The Friar hopes it will end the feud between the Montagues and Capulets. He hopes that Romeo and Juliet will help them realize that there is no point in the feud.
Why does Paris confront Romeo at Juliet’s tomb? Paris wants to turn Romeo in since he is not supposed to be there at all. He also does not know why he came to visit Juliet’s tomb.
What is Romeo’s tragic-flaw? Romeo’s tragic flaw is that he acts on impulse. He acts before he thinks things through.
Give three examples of dramatic irony in the play. 1. Juliet Taking the vial to make her appear dead.2. Capulet wanting Juliet to marry Paris even though she is already married to Romeo.3. Capulet thinking Juliet is sad because of Tybalt’s death, but she is really upset because Romeo killed him and has to leave Verona now.
What is the primary type of conflict in a Shakespearean tragedy? Give two examples of how this conflict appears in the text. Person vs. Fate- Romeo and Juliet are called star-crossed lovers because it is not written in fate that they can end up together. Despite their valiant efforts, the timing is just off and both end up dead.Heroic Tragedy- Romeo kills Tybalt in revenge for Mercutio’s death, and ends up being banished.
Explain how the use of light/dark imagery is connected to Romeo and Juliet’s relationship. Romeo and Juliet have to meet at night, which symbolizes secrecy. They also have in depart in the morning, symbolizing truth or reality.
What is one theme from the play? Use details from the text to support your answer. One theme is unfortunate timing, which connects with dramatic irony. If Juliet had taken the vial a few minutes earlier instead of thinking about whether the Friar was trying to kill her, she and Romeo would’ve seen each other and possibly not have killed themselves.
Why does Juliet visit the Friar? Juliet visits the Friar to get a potion so she won’t have to marry Paris the next day.
What solution does the Friar offer Juliet to prevent her marriage to Paris? He offers a vial that will make her look and feel dead to others, but only for 48 hours.
Why does Juliet make sure that the nurse does not stay with her on the night before the wedding? Juliet doesn’t want the nurse to stay with her because she doesn’t want the nurse to see her take the vial.

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