Romeo and Juliet 3-5

Major plot point in 3.1 As Tybolt walks towards them in the street, Benvolio suggests to Romeo and Juliet that they should leave to prevent a fight. Mercutio refused, and begins to make fun of Tybolt. Tybolt turns his attention from Mercutio to Romeo, and calls Romeo a villain. Romeo says that he loves Benvolio, ignores his verbal attacks, and refuses to fight; however, Tybolt began to fight with Mercutio instead. Romeo interferred in the fight, even though it seemed as if they were not really fighting. Tybolt stabs Mercutio under Romeo’s arm, and he hurries away. Romeo became very angry, wishes he had fought, and goes back to Tybolt. They fight again, Romeo kills Tybolt, Tybolt urges Romeo to run; a group of citizens outraged at the recurring street fights is approaching. Romeo, shocked at what has happened. The Prince enters, accompanied by many citizens, and the Montagues and Capulets. Benvolio tells the Prince the story of the brawl, emphasizing Romeo’s attempt to keep the peace, but Lady Capulet, Tybalt’s aunt, cries that Benvolio is lying to protect the Montagues. She demands Romeo’s life. Prince Escalus chooses instead to exile Romeo from Verona. He declares that should Romeo be found within the city, he will be killed.
Major plot point in 3.2 Juliet longs for night to fall so that Romeo will come to her “untalked of and unseen.” Suddenly the Nurse rushes in with news of the fight between Romeo and Tybalt. But the Nurse is so distraught, she stumbles over the words, making it sound as if Romeo is dead. Juliet assumes Romeo has killed himself, and she resigns to die herself. The Nurse then begins to moan about Tybalt’s death, and Juliet briefly fears that both Romeo and Tybalt are dead. When the story is at last straight and Juliet understands that Romeo has killed Tybalt and been sentenced to exile, she curses nature. The Nurse echoes Juliet and curses Romeo’s name, but Juliet denounces her for criticizing her husband, and adds that she regrets faulting him herself. Juliet claims that Romeo’s banishment is worse than ten thousand slain Tybalts. She laments that she will die without a wedding night, a maiden-widow. The Nurse assures her, however, that she knows where Romeo is hiding, and will see to it that Romeo comes to her for their wedding night. Juliet gives the Nurse a ring to give to Romeo as a token of her love.
Major plot point in 3.3 In Friar Lawrence’s cell, Romeo is overcome with grief, and wonders what sentence the Prince has decreed. Friar Lawrence tells him he is lucky: the Prince has only banished him. Romeo claims that banishment is a penalty far worse than death, since he will have to live, but without Juliet. The friar tries to counsel Romeo but the youth is so unhappy that he will have none of it. Romeo falls to the floor. The Nurse arrives, and Romeo desperately asks her for news of Juliet. He assumes that Juliet now thinks of him as a murderer and threatens to stab himself. Friar Lawrence stops him and scolds him for being unmanly. He explains that Romeo has much to be grateful for: he and Juliet are both alive, and after matters have calmed down, Prince Escalus might change his mind. The friar sets forth a plan: Romeo will visit Juliet that night, but make sure to leave her chamber, and Verona, before the morning. He will then reside in Mantua until news of their marriage can be spread. The Nurse hands Romeo the ring from Juliet, and this physical symbol of their love revives his spirits. The Nurse departs, and Romeo bids Friar Lawrence farewell. He must prepare to visit Juliet and then flee to Mantua.
Major plot point in 3.4 Capulet, Lady Capulet, and Paris walk together. Capulet says that because of the terrible recent events, he has had no time to ask his daughter about her feelings for Paris. Lady Capulet states that she will know her daughter’s thoughts by the morning. Paris is about to leave when Capulet calls him back and makes what he calls “a desperate tender of my child’s love” (3.4.12-13). Capulet says he thinks his daughter will listen to him, then corrects himself and states that he is sure Juliet will abide by his decision. He promises Paris that the wedding will be held on Wednesday, then stops suddenly and asks what day it is. Paris responds that it is Monday; Capulet decides that Wednesday is too soon, and that the wedding should instead be held on Thursday.
Major plot point in 3.5 Romeo prepares to lower himself from Juliet’s window to begin his exile. Juliet tries to convince Romeo that the birdcalls they hear are from the nightingale, a night bird, rather than from the lark, a morning bird. Romeo cannot entertain her claims; he must leave before the morning comes or be put to death. Romeo responds that he will stay with Juliet, and that he does not care whether the Prince’s men kill him. Faced with this turnaround, Juliet declares that the bird they heard was the lark; that it is dawn and he must flee. The Nurse enters to warn Juliet that Lady Capulet is approaching. Romeo and Juliet tearfully part. Romeo climbs out the window. Standing in the orchard below her window, Romeo promises Juliet that they will see one another again, but Juliet responds that he appears pale, as one dead in the bottom of a tomb. Romeo answers that, to him, she appears the same way, and that it is only sorrow that makes them both look pale. Romeo hurries away as Juliet pulls in the ladder and begs fate to bring him back to her quickly. Lady Capulet calls to her daughter. Juliet wonders why her mother would come to speak to her so early in the morning. Unaware that her daughter is married to Romeo, Lady Capulet enters the room and mistakes Juliet’s tears as continued grief for Tybalt. Lady Capulet tells Juliet of her deep desire to see “the villain Romeo” dead (3.5.80). In a complicated bit of punning every bit as impressive as the sexual punning of Mercutio and Romeo, Juliet leads her mother to believe that she also wishes Romeo’s death, when in fact she is firmly stating her love for him. Lady Capulet tells Juliet about Capulet’s plan for her to marry Paris on Thursday, explaining that he wishes to make her happy. Juliet is appalled. She rejects the match, saying “I will not marry yet; and when I do, I swear / It shall be Romeo—whom you know I hate— / Rather than Paris” (3.5.121-123). Capulet enters the chamber. When he learns of Juliet’s determination to defy him he becomes enraged and threatens to disown Juliet if she refuses to obey him. When Juliet entreats her mother to intercede, her mother denies her help. The Nurse advises her to go through with the marriage to Paris—he is a better match, she says, and Romeo is as good as dead anyhow. Though disgusted by her nurse’s disloyalty, Juliet pretends to agree, and tells her nurse that she is going to make confession at Friar Lawrence’s. Juliet hurries to the friar, vowing that she will never again trust the Nurse’s counsel. If the friar is unable to help her, Juliet comments to herself, she still has the power to take her own life.
Major plot point in 4.1 In his cell, Friar Lawrence speaks with Paris about the latter’s impending marriage to Juliet. Paris says that Juliet’s grief about Tybalt’s death has made her unbalanced, and that Capulet, in his wisdom, has determined they should marry soon so that Juliet can stop crying and put an end to her period of mourning. The friar remarks to himself that he wishes he were unaware of the reason that Paris’s marriage to Juliet should be delayed.Juliet enters, and Paris speaks to her lovingly, if somewhat arrogantly. Juliet responds indifferently, showing neither affection nor dislike. She remarks that she has not married him yet. On the pretense that he must hear Juliet’s confession, Friar Lawrence ushers Paris away, though not before Paris kisses Juliet once. After Paris leaves, Juliet asks Friar Lawrence for help, brandishing a knife and saying that she will kill herself rather than marry Paris. The friar proposes a plan: Juliet must consent to marry Paris; then, on the night before the wedding, she must drink a sleeping potion that will make her appear to be dead; she will be laid to rest in the Capulet tomb, and the friar will send word to Romeo in Mantua to help him retrieve her when she wakes up. She will then return to Mantua with Romeo, and be free to live with him away from their parents’ hatred. Juliet consents to the plan wholeheartedly. Friar Lawrence gives her the sleeping potion.
Major plot point in 4.2 Juliet returns home, where she finds Capulet and Lady Capulet preparing for the wedding. She surprises her parents by repenting her disobedience and cheerfully agreeing to marry Paris. Capulet is so pleased that he insists on moving the marriage up a day, to Wednesday—tomorrow. Juliet heads to her chambers to, ostensibly, prepare for her wedding. Capulet heads off to tell Paris the news.
Major plot point in 4.3 In her bedchamber, Juliet asks the Nurse to let her spend the night by herself, and repeats the request to Lady Capulet when she arrives. Alone, clutching the vial given to her by Friar Lawrence, she wonders what will happen when she drinks it. If the friar is untrustworthy and seeks merely to hide his role in her marriage to Romeo, she might die; or, if Romeo is late for some reason, she might awaken in the tomb and go mad with fear. She has a vision in which she sees Tybalt’s ghost searching for Romeo. She begs Tybalt’s ghost to quit its search for Romeo, and toasting to Romeo, drinks the contents of the vial.
Major plot point in 4.4 and 4.5 Early the next morning, the Capulet house is aflutter with preparations for the wedding. Capulet sends the Nurse to go wake Juliet. She finds Juliet dead and begins to wail, soon joined by both Lady Capulet and Capulet. Paris arrives with Friar Lawrence and a group of musicians for the wedding. When he learns what has happened, Paris joins in the lamentations. The friar reminds them all that Juliet has gone to a better place, and urges them to make ready for her funeral. Sorrowfully, they comply, and exit.
Major plot point in 5.1 On Wednesday morning, on a street in Mantua, a cheerful Romeo describes a wonderful dream he had the night before: Juliet found him lying dead, but she kissed him, and breathed new life into his body. Just then, Balthasar enters, and Romeo greets him happily, saying that Balthasar must have come from Verona with news of Juliet and his father. Romeo comments that nothing can be ill in the world if Juliet is well. Balthasar replies that nothing can be ill, then, for Juliet is well: she is in heaven, found dead that morning at her home. Thunderstruck, Romeo cries out “Then I defy you, stars” (5.1.24).He tells Balthasar to get him pen and paper (with which he writes a letter for Balthasar to give to Montague) and to hire horses, and says that he will return to Verona that night. Balthasar says that Romeo seems so distraught that he is afraid to leave him, but Romeo insists. Romeo suddenly stops and asks if Balthasar is carrying a letter from Friar Lawrence. Balthasar says he is not, and Romeo sends his servant on his way. Once Balthasar is gone, Romeo says that he will lie with Juliet that night. He goes to find an apothecary, a seller of drugs. After telling the man in the shop that he looks poor, Romeo offers to pay him well for a vial of poison. The Apothecary says that he has just such a thing, but that selling poison in Mantua carries the death sentence. Romeo replies that the Apothecary is too poor to refuse the sale. The Apothecary finally relents and sells Romeo the poison. Once alone, Romeo speaks to the vial, declaring that he will go to Juliet’s tomb and kill himself.
Major plot point in 5.2 At his cell, Friar Lawrence speaks with Friar John, whom he had earlier sent to Mantua with a letter for Romeo. He asks John how Romeo responded to his letter (which described the plan involving Juliet’s false death). Friar John replies that he was unable to deliver the letter because he was shut up in a quarantined house due to an outbreak of plague. Friar Lawrence becomes upset, realizing that if Romeo does not know about Juliet’s false death, there will be no one to retrieve her from the tomb when she awakes. (He does not know that Romeo has learned of Juliet’s death and believes it to be real.) Sending for a crowbar, Friar Lawrence declares that he will have to rescue Juliet from the tomb on his own. He sends another letter to Romeo to warn him about what has happened, and plans to keep Juliet in his cell until Romeo arrives.
Major plot point in 5.3 In the churchyard that night, Paris enters with a torch-bearing servant. He orders the page to withdraw, then begins scattering flowers on Juliet’s grave. He hears a whistle—the servant’s warning that someone is approaching. He withdraws into the darkness. Romeo, carrying a crowbar, enters with Balthasar. He tells Balthasar that he has come to open the Capulet tomb in order to take back a valuable ring he had given to Juliet. Then he orders Balthasar to leave, and, in the morning, to deliver to Montague the letter Romeo had given him. Balthasar withdraws, but, mistrusting his master’s intentions, lingers to watch.From his hiding place, Paris recognizes Romeo as the man who murdered Tybalt, and thus as the man who indirectly murdered Juliet, since it is her grief for her cousin that is supposed to have killed her. As Romeo has been exiled from the city on penalty of death, Paris thinks that Romeo must hate the Capulets so much that he has returned to the tomb to do some dishonor to the corpse of either Tybalt or Juliet. In a rage, Paris accosts Romeo. Romeo pleads with him to leave, but Paris refuses. They draw their swords and fight. Paris’s page runs off to get the civil watch. Romeo kills Paris. As he dies, Paris asks to be laid near Juliet in the tomb, and Romeo consents.Romeo descends into the tomb carrying Paris’s body. He finds Juliet lying peacefully, and wonders how she can still look so beautiful—as if she were not dead at all. Romeo speaks to Juliet of his intention to spend eternity with her, describing himself as shaking “the yoke of inauspicious stars / From this world-wearied flesh” (5.3.111-112). He kisses Juliet, drinks the poison, kisses Juliet again, and dies.Just then, Friar Lawrence enters the churchyard. He encounters Balthasar, who tells him that Romeo is in the tomb. Balthasar says that he fell asleep and dreamed that Romeo fought with and killed someone. Troubled, the friar enters the tomb, where he finds Paris’s body and then Romeo’s. As the friar takes in the bloody scene, Juliet wakes.Juliet asks the friar where her husband is. Hearing a noise that he believes is the coming of the watch, the friar quickly replies that both Romeo and Paris are dead, and that she must leave with him. Juliet refuses to leave, and the friar, fearful that the watch is imminent, exits without her. Juliet sees Romeo dead beside her, and surmises from the empty vial that he has drunk poison. Hoping she might die by the same poison, Juliet kisses his lips, but to no avail. Hearing the approaching watch, Juliet unsheathes Romeo’s dagger and, saying, “O happy dagger, / This is thy sheath,” stabs herself (5.3.171). She dies upon Romeo’s body.Chaos reigns in the churchyard, where Paris’s page has brought the watch. The watchmen discover bloodstains near the tomb; they hold Balthasar and Friar Lawrence, who they discovered loitering nearby. The Prince and the Capulets enter. Romeo, Juliet, and Paris are discovered in the tomb. Montague arrives, declaring that Lady Montague has died of grief for Romeo’s exile. The Prince shows Montague his son’s body. Upon the Prince’s request, Friar Lawrence succinctly tells the story of Romeo and Juliet’s secret marriage and its consequences. Balthasar gives the Prince the letter Romeo had previously written to his father. The Prince says that it confirms the friar’s story. He scolds the Capulets and Montagues, calling the tragedy a consequence of their feud and reminding them that he himself has lost two close kinsmen: Mercutio and Paris. Capulet and Montague clasp hands and agree to put their vendetta behind them. Montague says that he will build a golden statue of Juliet, and Capulet insists that he will raise Romeo’s likeness in gold beside hers. The Prince takes the group away to discuss these events, pronouncing that there has never been “a story of more woe / Than this of Juliet and her Romeo” (5.3.309).
When and what was the Climax of Romeo and Juliet The climax was when Tybolt killed Mercutio leading to Romeo killing Tybolt. It could also be when the Prince banished him from Verona, 1300s. Act 3.1
When and what was the Falling Action of Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliets depressions and last times seeing each other, Romeo moving to Mantua, Juliet being forced to marry Paris, Juliet loosing Nurses trust, Friar Lawrence making plan with potion, wedding getting moved to Wednesday, everyone thinking Juliet is dead, Romeo not getting letter from Friar John, Romeo getting news from Balthasar that Juliet is dead, and Romeo buying poison and going back to Verona.Act 3.2-5
When and what was the Denouement of Romeo and Juliet Paris was putting flowers around Juliets tomb. He see’s Romeo and thinks he will dishonor the bodies so he goes to protect. Romeo kills him, see’s Juliet, kills himself with the poison, and Friar Lawrence comes moments later and Juliet is awake. She refuses to leave, stabs herself, dies, and Friar Lawrence flees. Act 5.3
When and what was the Reslution of Romeo and Juliet Everyone, including the Prince, The Montangues, and the Capulets came. Capulet announced his wife had died from grief over Romeo’s banishment. Friar Lawrence came and explained the whole story of Romeo and Juliet, and was let off the hook; however, he snitched out the Nurse. The Prince blamed the fued for their childrens death, and Montangue and Capulet said they were going to build a gold statue of Romeo and Juliet to honor and remember them.
Where is time important is Romeo and Juliet The whole play starts from Sunday and ends on Thursday so it is around 5 days long. 1. The wedding getting moved from Thursday to Wednesday is important because it messed up Juliet’s plan with potion2. In Act 5, Juliet wakes up moments right after Romeo kills himself. If Romeo was there like 10 minutes later, Juliet would be alive and would have not suicided. 3. If Friar John would have departed a later time and would have left the house a different time, he may have not be quarantined and would have brought the letter to Romeo.4. Romeo gets married the day after he meets Juliet, and kills her cousin that same day.
Where is fate important in Romeo and Juliet 1. Friar John getting quarantined for two days was fate because it prevented him from delivering the letter, causing Romeo to kill himself. 2. Romeo defying the stars when he finds out Juliet is dead is fate because she is not dead.3. Tybolt showing up later after Romeo’s wedding represents fate because this is what caused him to get banished from Verona, casuing a whole bunch of new problems.4. The wedding getting moved a day was fate. If the wedding was on Thursday, the plan may have worked out.
Where is Love important in Romeo and Juliet 1. Juliet saying she would rather have Tybolt die than Romeo shows she deeply loves him because she is putting Romeo over her family2. Juliet drinking the potion, even though she knows the risks, shows that she loved Romeo because she is willing to do anything to be with Romeo again.3. Romeo going to Verona after she thinks Juliet is dead shows he loves her because he buys a poison, and is willing to get killed, and to kill himself, because he thinks she is dead.4. Romeo sneaking in the Capulet house, going to Mantua, and ending his life all show love for Juliet.
Where is Recklessness/Decisions important in Romeo and Juliet 1. The Friar making an exotic idea, and giving Juliet a sleeping potion and a reckless decision2. Romeo fighting Tybolt after Mercutio got stabbed was reckless and got him banned from Verona.3. Romeo going back to Verona, buying poison, and killing Paris was reckless and ruined any chance of Romeo and Juliet being together.4. The decision of Juliet begging for forgiveness was a bad one because it caused the wedding to get moved by a day
Where is Trust important in Romeo and Juliet 1. Juliet going with Friar Lawrences plan and drinking the potion is putting a lot of trust on him.2. Romeo listening Balthasar about Juliets death put a lot of trust on him because he was ready to die right away after that news.3. Friar Lawrence making the plan for Romeo to see Juliet one last time, going to Mantua, and waiting for him to make their wedding go public so he could return back to Verona is putting a lot of trust on Friar Lawrence.
Where is Death important in Romeo and Juliet 1. Tybolt killing Mercutio was important because it caused Romeo to kill Tybolt, causing him to get banned.2. Juliet faking her death was important because everyone thought she was dead, and Romeo got that news and killed himself.3. Romeo killing himself was important because it led to Juliet killing herself. If he waited a few more minutes, Romeo would be alive.
Character Foil A character who serves by contrast to highlight the opposing traits of another character such as Tybolt and Benvolio.
Oxymoron A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms such as pretty ugly.
Pun Form of word play to entertain the audience because of double meaning. Being struck by lightning is shocking.
Aside A remark/whisper spoken by one character to another, or to him/herself, that other characters are not suppost to hear. When servants talk to each other quietly in front of person they bit thumb to.
Monologue A long extended speech made by one character speaking to other characters. Mercutio speech about Queen Mab.
Soliliquy A long speech delivered when a character stands alone, revealing thoughts/feelings to readers. Other characters do not hear this unless it is secretly. Its like a monologue no one hears.
Dramatic Irony When the audience knows something that the characters do not know.
Comic relief the inclusion of a humorous character, scene, or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension.
Internal conflict The main struggle between opposing forces in a story.Internal – Character vs. Self
External conflict person vs. person, person vs. nature, person vs. societyperson vs. technologyperson vs. supernatural

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