romeo and juliet

Alliteration Prologue (CONFLICT)”From forth the fatal loin of these two foes”Act II, Prologue”The day to cheer and night’s dank due to dry.”
Alliteration effect (2) Repetitive sound of one constant in a sentence. It’s purpose is the add character to the writing and often add an element of ‘sophistication’ to the piece, allowing the audience to immerse in the historical context of the play.
Metaphor Act II, Scene II (LOVE)’It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.”
Metaphor effect (2) One subject is implied to be anotherBy using an object the audience knows clearly (the sun) and comparing it to a character (Juliet), it allows the audience to understand the character better, or in this case, Romeo’s view of Juliet
Imagery Act IV, Scene IV (LOVE)”…bid me lurk, where serpents are; chain me with roaring bears”
Imagery Effect (2) The author uses words and phrases to create “mental images” for the reader.By the use of descriptive language and graphic context, it allows the audience to imagine what lengths Juliet would go to in order to not marry Paris.
Personification Act II, Scene II (REFERRING TO JULIET = LOVE)”Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief”
Personification effect (2) Attaching human traits and characteristics with inanimate objectsThe use of personification can help readers understand, and react to the non-human objects
Dramatic Irony Act II, Scene IIJuliet professes her love to romeo while on her balcony and she has no idea that romeo is hiding below in the garden
Dramatic Irony Effect (3) When the audience knows something which characters in the play do not.For example, during the balcony it is pure irony that Juliet unknowingly professes her love for Romeo while he listens under the balcony. This allows the audience to feel more involved.We know what is happening but feel powerless to do anything
Simile Act II, Scene II (LOVE)”My love as deep.”
Simile Effect (2) Juliet discloses her love for Romeo through a simile saying “My love as deep” in during the famous balcony scene (Act II, Scene II). This draws a comparison to the two things and allows the audience to understand Juliet’s great love for Romeo
Setting Balcony Scene Balcony is always positioned as higher than Romeo to provide a physical barrier between the two while they confess their deep love for each other.Barrier represents the family feud
Infatuation Also known as puppy loveRomeo → Rosaline Based on Petrarchan Convention Romeo obsessed with idea of love + persues Rosaline as she is chaste RESULT: turns into aLIL BITCH, locks himself up in his room, avoids contact aka lovesickness QUOTE – Act 1 Scene 1 216-222Well, in that hit you miss, she will not be hitWith Cupid’s arrow, She hath Dian’s wit and In strong proof of chasity well armedFrom love’s weak children, how she lives unharmed
Genuine Love Romeo → Juliet Scene: AT the ball, they first see each other and fall in loveRomeo – forgets about Rosaline RESULTS: Mutual Feelings QUOTE Act 2 Scene 2 2-9/28-35 2-9: But soft! What light through yonder window break?
Like, not Love Absence of passion + genuineness Paris – Juliet Arranged marriage: entered by Paris in hopes of both himself and Juliet developing love RESULT: Believes that they can develop a connection QUOTES Act 1 Scene 2 9-12 + Act 4 Scene 1 24-26 9-12: In this part, he tries to convince the Capulets to allow him to marry her. Capulet says she is too young24-26 This quote is an extract from the scene entered by Juliet at Friar Lawrence’s cell. Juliet uses double meaning sentences and Paris overlooks these and believes they refer to him.
Parental Love 3 displays: Montagues, Capulets and Nurse Montagues: Show concern for son (Romeo) and his lovesickness. Lady Capulet also dies from grief after discovering her son is banished to Mantua (after killing Tybalt)e.g: Oh where is Romeo? Say you him today? Right glad I am he was not at this fray. Act 1 Scene 1 Capulets: Profess their love for Juliet, but turn on her. Love is conditional upon obedience e.g: Ay sir, but she will none, she gives you thanks. I would the fool were married to her grave. Act 3 Scene 5 Nurse: Wishes Juliet happiness Love misguided and gave wrong advice, – Juliet rejected
Sacred Love Friar Lawrence and his actions Encouraged love that was genuine, helps those in sorrow by providing care Herbalist – symbolised the attempt to bring goodness out of violence and disorder (Remedies and cures made out of poisonous plants)Also shows concern for family feud + gives advice to R&J QUOTE Act 2 Scene 3 91-92For this alliance may so happy proveTo turn your household’s rancor to pure love
Physical Love Physical love – SEXUALMercutio, love a woman, not for fulfilment of body and soul but expression of physical need QUOTES Act 2 Scene 1 34-38 Now will he sit under a medlar tree And with his mistress were that kind of fruit As maids call medlars when they laugh aloneO Romeo, that she was! Oh that she was An open-arse and thou a popperin pear
Haste Unfortunate and ill-fated events eg. Unauthorised, inappropriate marriage of R&J Banishment of Romeo Leading to their deathsPossibility that the events could have been prevented eg. If Romeo did not Tybalt → If Romeo did not act in haste when he found out about Juliet’s “death”
Fate Prologue → Star crossed loversLove that cannot reach a happy conclusionPROLOGUE)”A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life”
Family – Similar to each other”Two households, both alike in dignity.”Highlights how the families have similar principles and status in the city of Verona.- Warring against each other”By thee old Capulet, and Montague, have thrice disturbed the quiet of our streets.”This shows the Prince’s anger as Capulet and Montague have been involved in another fray on the streets of Verona, upsetting the peace.- Apologetic and repenting for their past behaviour”O brother Montague, give me thy hand.”This shows that Capulet wishes Montague to forgive him for their previous arguments. They are like brothers due to their deceased children’s marriage.
Conflict “That I must love a loathed enemy.”- Juliet uses ‘must’ which indicates she loves Romeo and cannot change the fact. – A conflict for Juliet as she is not supposed to love him- There are 3 displays of conflict: the inner conflict between R&J (their love and barriers), the family feud (Montagues and Capulets) and the hatred between people in general (Tybalt-Romeo, Juliet-Capulet)
Historical Context – People got married much earlier than they do today. – It would be common practice to get married at 13 years of age. Parents chose their child’s partner based on wealth, potential titles and family ties.Romeo and Juliet both decide who they are going to marry- This would have been highly disrespectful to their families, particularly as they both decided to marry their family’s sworn enemy.
Stage Directions Nurse calling Juliet continuously and Juliet walks in and out of stage. Causing audience tension as flustered Juliet seems suspicious to Nurse and may be caught out
Act 1 Scene 1 – Servants of both Houses fight in streets of Verona – Reveal hostilities of their masters – Public + Benvolio attempts to stop – Tybalt joins Capulets – Prince Escalus warns both families of the consequences of fighting on the streets: Punish, death – Romeo not present @ fight, avoids people and weeps about his unrequited love
Act 1 Scene 2 – Capulets tells Paris of the conditions the prince had set – Paris asks Capulet if he can marry Juliet- Capulet says she too young boi – However, if she loves him then go ahead- Party at Capulets!!!!!! woot-woot – Capulet gives list of names invited to party – Romeo and Benvolio sees and coincidentally saw Rosaline on it
Act 1 Scene 3 – Lady Capulet asks Juliet about Paris’ marriage proposal – Nurse supports Lady Capulet about the wedding
Act 1 Scene 4 – Romeo, Benvolio and Mercuito discuss gatecrashing the Capulet party (Romeo wishes not to go)- Predicts that some terrible course of events will occur at the party – Mercuito tries to distract Romeo from his sadness over Rosaline – They enter the Capulet’s party
Act 1 Scene 5 – Capulet’s servants camplain about the work they have to do – Capulet welcomes his guests – Tybalt (nephew of Lady Capulet) recognises Romeo and wishes to fight him → Capulet does not allow him to fight as Romeo has a good reputation – Romeo and Juliet meet and fall in love – They both learn that they are from opposing families → know how difficult it’ll be to be together
Act 2 Scene 1 – Romeo is too in love with Juliet to leave his friends → hide from his friends in the orchard – They know he is hiding → teases about his past love (sexual jokes) – They go
Act 2 Scene 2 – Famous ass balcony scene – Juliet unaware Romeo is standing below her balcony- Romeo reveals himself + professes his love – Promised to marry each other despite their family’s hatred for the other – Juliet realises that shits going too fast + dangerous, but they love each other too much to give two shits, let alone three → Agree to marry secretly- Juliet is called away by the nurse
Act 2 Scene 3 – Friar Lawrence gathering flowers and herbs to make meds (oh yes! the nice oregano) – Early morning → Romeo approaches – Tells that he no longer feels for Rosaline, but Juliet – Friar Lawrence promises to marry them because this may end the bitter fighting between the two households
Act 2 Scene 4 – Benvolio and Mercutio joke about Romeo’s love for Rosaline – DIscuss Tybalt’s love for fighting – Romeo enters and hears their jokes (Innuendos) – Nurse enters → makes arrangments for the marriage that will take place at Friar Lawrence’s cell that afternoon
Act 2 Scene 5 – Juliet waits for Nurse to return from cell – Nurse tells her that Romeo will marry Juliet secreatly that day at Friar Lawrence’s cell
Act 2 Scene 6 – They meet and get married – Friaw Lawrence warns Romeo against unchecked passion → increases sense of R&J doom

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