Romeo and Juliet

William Shakespeare – born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon in England- D.O.B. is uncertain but date of baptism was April 1564 (most baptisms are 3 days after baptism)- married Anne Hathaway at 18- 19 had 1st daughter- 1585: had twin boys- 1585: left london to pursue career in theatre- becomes part of Lord Chamberlain’s Men in 1594(named after benefactor)- 1603: called King’s Men after King James became their benefactor- wrote/collaborated in 39 diff. plays – genres: comedies, tragedies, histories- romance is also one – many of his writings are popular movies today- author of Romeo and Juliet
Comedies – characteristics: false/mistaken identities, toils of love and marriage, good vs. evil- Shakespeare wrote songs specifically for _______, only in text form, and no music to them- comic relief = example
Tragedies – protagonist falls from grace and dies- always a tragic hero with a tragic flaw- has unhappy ending- many secondary characters die… in Romeo and Juliet- although the hero is good, he/she is capable of doing bad things
Histories – all focus on tension between public and private values- character is preoccupied with power
Globe Theater – built in 1599- women were prohibited from performing- only day time performances and only in the summer- audience from all classes were welcome- “Groundlings” paid one cent to stand while others could pay more to sit. Nobles sat in chairs on the side of the stage. – Flags above theater indicated play type.- Stage design had false ceilings as”heavens”. Also used for housing actors in bad weather and trapdoors to make characters fly.- Floors had trapdoors to represent hell.
Romeo and Juliet – tragedy- forbidden love, death, power, hope, peace are all themes for this play
Romeo son of Lady and Lord Montague. 16 years old. handsome, intelligent, sensitive, impulsive and immature but his idealism and passion make him a likable character.not interested in violence. marries Juliet, takes abuse from Tybalt. affectionate and devoted friend to his relative Benvolio, Mercutio, and Friar Lawrence
Juliet daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet. 13 years old and beautiful. naive and has thought little about love in the beginning but grows up quickly and falls in love with Romeo. no freedom to rome the city like Romeo. shows courage when she trusts her life and future to Romeo. refuses to believe any reports about anything bad Romeo has done. closest friend and confidant if the Nurse.
Friar Lawrence Franciscan friar, friend to romeo and Juliet. always ready with a plan, secretly marries Romeo and Juliet in the hopes that it will eventually bring peace between the families. catholic holy man. an expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions and herbs.
Mercutio kinsman to the Prince. Romeo’s close friend. overflows with imagination, wit, and, at times, biting satire and brooding fervor. he loves wordplay, especially when it’s about sexual things. can be hotheaded, hates those who are affected, pretentious, or obsessed with the latest fashions. he finds romeo’s romanticized ideas about love are tiresome. tries to convince Romeo to view love as a simple matter of sexual appetite.
Paris kinsman of the Prince, suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet. once Capulet has promised him he can marry Juliet, he behaves very presumptuous toward Juliet, acting as if they were already married.
Benvolio Montague’s nephew, Romeo’s cousin and thoughtful friend, makes a genuine effort to defuse violent scenes in public places, Mercutio accuses him of having a nasty temper in private. tries to get Romeo’s mind off of Rosaline, even after Romeo is in love with Juliet
Friar John Franciscan friar charged by friar Lawrence with taking the news of Juliet’s false death to Romeo in Mantua. Friar John is held up in a quarantined house and the message never reaches Romeo
Rosaline the woman with whom Romeo is infatuated at the beginning of the play. she never appears onstage, but is said to be beautiful and has sworn to live a life of chastity
Tybalt Capulet, Juliet’s cousin. vain, fashionable, supremely aware of courtesy and lack of it, aggressive, violent, and quick to draw his sword when he feels his pride has been injured. once drawn, his sword is something to be afraid of. he loathes Montagues.
Act major division of a play, like a chapter in a book further divided into scenes. 5 acts per play normally
Monologue lyric poem. speaker addresses absent or silent listener in deep emotion or high intensity. Private conversation, no interruptions or arguments, one side of the conversation and that person’s feelings, personality, and motivations
Foil character who provides a striking contrast to to another character. meant to enhance a character’s traits
Irony contrast between appearances and reality.verbal- when a speaker says one thing but means anothersituational- when something happens and a reversal of expectations occurs dramatic- when an event occurs whose significance the audience understands but the characters do not
Gesture movement of body to express an idea or meaning
Scene action in dramas are divided into acts then scenes, episode in play’s plot. one place and time
Soliloquy speech where a character speaks his/her thoughts aloud
Aside short speech directed to audience or another character not heard by characters on stage
Stage Directions printed in italics and are in parentheses if in between dialogue. guide to directors, set and lighting performance people, performers, readers
Couplet two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit
Prologue a separate introductory section of a literary or musical work
Chorus a single character who functions as a narrator offering commentary on the play’s plots and themes
Iambic Pentameter ten syllables per line
Blank Verse unrhymed iambic pentameter
Narrative Poem poem that talks a lot about oneself
Tomb where all the dead Capulet relatives are put. room filled with more coffins/tombs that dead capulets are put. where Tybalt was put and Juliet was put to fake her death
The balcony/window big platform with wooden railing and vines climbing up. french doors that open up to Juliet’s room and white beautiful windows
Verona city where all of this play took place.
Streets of Verona cobblestone paths. old, palace like homes, greenery on both sides of the streets. people drive horse carriages, people dress formal all the time and men always wear swords on their belts. small market square with stands along the sides for marketing
Mantua place where Romeo was exiled. city like Verona
Juliet’s Chamber big french doors leading to the hallway. huge bed with curtains around the bed like a Princess’ bed. beautiful carpet. big mahogany furniture in the room

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