Romeo and Juliet

When was William Shakespeare born? April 23, 1564
Where was William Shakespeare born? Stratford-on-Avon, England (market town)
Who was William Shakespeare’s father? John Shakespeare, a shopkeeper and man of good-standing in Stratford. At one point, he was high baliff (mayor).
What kind of education did Shakespeare recieve? He attended grammar school where he learned Latin. No further formal education.
What was the Globe Theater called? “the wooden O” because it was round and made of wood
What were the circumstances of performances at the Globe Theater? Plays were performed in the daytime (theater was open to the sky), no artificial lighting, no scenery, very few sets, elaborate costumes and detailed state directions and setting descriptions in the plays themselves
Groundlings paid one penny to stand in front of the stage
Why was theater so popular? It was an affordable form of entertainment for all clases
Role of Women in theater? Acting was not considered respectable by English Puritans, so all women’s or girls’ parts were played by men or adolescent boys
What was Romeo and Juliet based off of? A pre existing narrative Italian poem, Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet
“star-crossed lovers” fate against them (people believed in the stars, astrology and destiny)
Two types of poetry: blank verse-unrhymed iambic pentameter iambic=unstressed, stressed pentameter=5 units in a line Ex. But soft! / What light / through yon/der win/dow breaks? rhyming couplets-two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme Example: Good night, good night! Parting is such a sweet sorrow That I should say good night till it be morrow.
quatrain a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymeEx. Act I scene ii – Capulet’s speech to Paris in lines 13-34
sonnet a poem of 14 lines using ababcdcdefefgg Ex. the Prologue to Act I
Antithesis a contrast or oposition between 2 things Ex. Act I scene v – Juliet about Romeo : My only love sprung from my only hate
Pun a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that words sound alike but have different meanings Ex. Romeo to Mercutio : You have dancing shoes/with nimble soles; I have a soul of lead
couplet two lines of verse, ussually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit Ex. But in that crystal scales let there be weighed/Your lady’s love against some other maid
oxymoron a figure of speech by which a locution produces a seemingly self-contradicting effect Ex. “loving hate” “wise fool”
soliloquy an act of speaking one’s thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers Ex. Juliet’s speaking to the heavens about Romeo
aside a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by characters Ex. Shall I hear more, or shall I speak at this?
lyric poetry a type of song like poetry Ex. the sonnet in the prologue for Act I
simile a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing Ex. I have no joy of this contract tonight, It is too rash, too unadvised, too sudden;/Too like the lightning, which doth cease to be/Ere one can say it lightens
hyperbole exaggerating statements or claims not meant to be taken literally Ex. Alack there lies more peril in thine eye/Than twenty of their swords!
internal rhyme a rhyme incolving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next Ex. Lord Capulet to Paris : But saying o’er what I said before
monologue a long speech by one actor in a play or movie Ex. Mercutio’s Queen Mab speech
dramatic irony something understood by the audience but not the charachters Ex. Mercutio and Benvolio are unaware that Romeo no longer loves Rosaline
Assonance the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables Ex. O gentle Romeo/If thou dost love, pronounce it faithfuly
alliteration the occurence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words Ex. Romeo Act III, scene i : “This day’s black fate on more days doth depend.” (D)
external conflict struggle between a character and an outside sourceEx. Act III, scene i : Mercutio and Tybalt’s fight
Internal Conflict struggle within a character’s mind Ex. Act III, scene ii : Juliet’s dilemma over whether or not to love or hate Romeo for killing Tybalt
Verbal Irony when a meaning contradicts with the literal meaning Ex. Juliet to Capulet in Act III, scene v: “O’ how my heart abhors/To cousin/Upon his body that hath slaughtered him!”
Cosmic Irony the idea that fate, destiny, or god controls and toys with human hopes and expectations Ex. Romeo Act III, scene i after killing Tybalt: “O, I am fortunes fool.”
Climax the most intense, exciting or important point of something Act III, scene i : Romeo’s killing Tybalt
aubade a poem or piece of music appropriate to the dawn or early morning Ex. Juliet to Romeo Act III scene v : “Wilt thou be gone? It is not yet near day./It was the nightingale and not the lark”
image a simile/a metaphor, a representation of the external form of a person or thing in art Ex. Act III, scene v Juliet to Romeo: “Me thinks I see thee, now thou art so low,/As one dead in the bottom of a tomb./Either my eyesight fails, or thou lookest pale.”
anachronism a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspiciously old-fashioned Ex. Act III, scene iii: Romeo to the Friar: “As if that name,/shot from the deadly level of a gun,/Did murder her,”
metaphor a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable Ex. Act IV, scene v: Lord Capulet to Lady Capulet: “Upon the sweetest flower of all the field.”
paradox a statement or proposition that, despite sound reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless Ex. Act III, scene ii : Juliet’s response that Romeo has killed Tybalt : “O serpent heart, hid with a flow’ring face!/Did ever dragon keep so fair a cave?”/Beautiful tyrant! Fiend angelical!”
allusion an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly, an indirect or passing reference Ex. Act III, scene ii : Juliet’s soliloquy: “Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds,/ Towards Phoebus lodging! such a wogoner/As Phaeton would whip you to the west/And bring in cloudy night immediately.”
personification the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman Ex. Act IV, scene v : Lord Capulet to Paris and the Friar: “Death is my son-in-law, Death is my heir;/ My daughter he hath wedded”
metonymy the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meantEx. Act III, scene iii: Friar and Romeo: “O, then I see that madmen have no ears.” “How should they, when that wise men have no eyes?”
apostrophe a punctuation mark used to indicate either possesion or the omission of letter or numbers Ex. Act III, scene v : Juliet after Romeo has left her : “O Fortune, Fortune! All men call the fickle.”

You Might Also Like