Rinkacs Macbeth Act 3 Scenes 1-4

Descriptive language that appeals to the physical senses Imagery
“We have scorched the snake, not killed it./ She’ll close and be herself whilst our poor malice/ Remains in danger of her former tooth” (3.2.15-17). How is this quote imagery? This quote appeals to the senses with the words “scorched” and “tooth”. It could also represent the sins, or murders, of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.
used to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings Symbolism
“I must become a borrower of the night/ For a dark hour or twain” (3.1.28-30). What is the darkness symbolic of? The darkness symbolizes Banquo’s death
“Who did strike out the light?” (3.3.27). The third murderer asks this after Banquo dies. What does it symbolize? Banquo was a light in the dark world Macbeth had created because he was a good man. When he dies, there is even more darkness
“We have scorched the snake, not killed it” (3.2.15). What is the snake a symbol of? The snake could symbolize Banquo and how Macbeth plans on killing him
“The worm that’s fled/ Hath nature that in time will venom breed,/ No teeth for the present” (3.4.32-34). What could the worm symbolize? Banquo’s son, Fleance, who escaped his murder
“MACBETH. The table’s full.LENNOX. Here is a placed reserved, sir.MACBETH. Where?” (3.4.54-57).What does Banquo’s ghost symbolize? Macbeth’s increasing paranoia
Process by which the writer reveals a character’s personality Characterization
“LADY MACBETH. What’s to be done?MACBETH. Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck,/ Till thou applaud the deed” (3.2.50-52). What role reversal occurs in these lines? 1. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s roles switch: Macbeth becomes more in charge and takes control. 2. Mabeth is becoming more crazy, and Lady Macbeth is staying calm
“Come on, gentle my lord,/ Sleek over your rugged looks. Be bright and jovial/ Among your guests tonight” (3.2.30-32). What characterization occurs in these lines said by Lady Macbeth? Lady Macbeth has no idea how distraught her husband is, and her attitude is changing to happiness
“Avaunt, and quit my sight! Let the earth hide thee./ Thy bones are marrowless; thy blood is cold;/ Thou hast no speculation in those eyes/ Which thou dost glare with” (3.4.112-116). What role reversal occurs in these lines? Macbeth and Banquo have a role reversal: Banquo’s ghost now has power over Macbeth by taunting him
Figure of speech in which words are used so their intended meaning is different than the actual meaning of the words Irony
When a character’s actions create a different effect from the intent Situational irony
When an audience knows what the characters don’t Dramatic irony
When the speaker says one thing but means something else Verbal irony
“MACBETH. Fail not our feast.BANQUO. My lord, I will not.” (3.1.31-32).What irony can be found from these lines? Banquo does attend the feast, but not as expected: he attends as a ghost
“MACBETH. The table’s full.LENNOX. Here is a place reserved, sir.” (3.4.54-55). What irony can be found from these lines? The audience knows that the ghost is there, but Lennox does not
“And to our dear friend, Banquo, whom we miss. Would he were here!” (3.4.108-110).What irony can be found from these lines? 1. Macbeth has a hidden message that is unknown to the other characters but not the audience: that Banquo is dead2. Macbeth really doesn’t miss Banquo at all
A comparison of two unlike things NOT using “like” or “as”. This a bold statement. Metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things, using “like” or “as” Simile
“Approach thou like a rugged Russian bear,/ The armed rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger” (3.4.122-123). Is this quote an example of a metaphor or simile? A simile
The projection of human characteristics onto objects, animals, deities, and forces of nature Personification
“If charnel houses and our graves must send/ Those that we bury back, our monuments/ Shall be the maws of kites” (3.4.86-88). What literary device is this quote an example of? Personification (Charnel houses can not actually send people back)
When several words beginning with the same letter are written consecutively Alliteration
“Are you so gospeled/ To pray for this good man and for his issue,/ Whose heavy hand hath bowed you to the grave/ And beggared yours forever?” (3.1.98-101).What literary device is being used in this quote? Alliteration (heavy hand hath bowed)
A pair of lines that rhyme with each other at the end Couplet
“High to your horse. Adieu,/ Till your return at night. Goes Fleance with you?” (3.1.37-39). What literary device is being used in this quote? A couplet (“adieu” and “you” both rhyme and are at the end of each line)
“Naught’s had, all’s spent/ Where our desire is got without content./ Tis safer to be that which we destroy/ Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy” (3.2.7-9).Is this an example of a couplet or an alliteration? A couplet (“spent” and “content” rhyme, and “destroy” and “joy” rhyme)
A rhythmic pattern that has 5 iambs, or verses that have an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable per line Iambic Pentameter
Figure of speech breifly referring to a story, event, or person (not a chaacter in the story) in order to make a comaprison Allusion
What are three allusions made in Act 3? 1. Caesar and Marc Antony2. Thomas Middleton3. Acheron, river of Hades
What characters do Caesar and Marc Antony represent as allusions in Macbeth? Macbeth and Banquo. Marc Antony was the better man, just like Banquo being a better man than Macbeth
Statement that appears contradictory, but has truth Paradox
What are two of the uses of a paradox? 1. Illustrates unpopular opinions2. Makes readers think innovatively
“Where our desire is got without content./ Tis safer to be that which we destroy/ Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy” (3.2.7-9). How is this quote a paradox? Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have achieved their goal, they are king and queen, yet they think that it would be better to be dead
Opposition or contrast of ideas that is expressed by a parallelism of words that are opposites of eachother Antithesis
“I think you can behold such sights/ And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks/ When mine is blanched with fear” (3.4.139-141).How is this quote an example of antithesis? This is an antithesis because it uses opposites: the “ruby” of Lady Macbeth’s cheeks compared to the “blanched” (white) cheeks of Macbeth
The implied central idea or underlying meaning of a literary work Theme
What are three themes that could be found in Act 3? 1. Do not get in the way of someone’s goal; you never know how far they will go to reach it2. Anyone can betray you3. Mistakes come back to haunt you
“Thou has it now- King, Cawdor, Glamis, all/ As the Weird Women promised, and I fear/ Thou played’st foully for it” (3.1.1-3)How is Banquo putting himself in danger by saying this to Macbeth? He openly tells Macbeth he is suspicious of him, causing Macbeth to realize that Banquo needs to be killed if he wants to keep his throne
“There’s comfort yet; they are assailable” (3.2.44). What does this line, said to Lady Macbeth by Macbeth about Banquo and Fleance, mean? Macbeth and Lady Macbeth talk about eliminating Banquo and his son so there would be no obstacles to their security

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