Pre-AP English II- Macbeth

Who says,”Fair is foul, and foul is fair” (I:i:11) and what is its significance? Three witches- paradox that sets up theme that things are not what they seem
Who says, “Doubtful it stood, as two spent swimmers that do cling together and choke their art” (I:ii:9-11) and what is its significance? Sergeant- simile that sets up the equal fight between Macbeth and Macdonwald. It sets up noble but vicious traits in Macbeth
Who says, “For brave Macbeth – well he deserves that name- disdaining fortune, with his brandish’d steel, which smoked with bloody execution, like valor’s minion carved out his passage till he faced the slave, which ne’er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him till he unseam’d him from the nave to the chaps” (I:ii:18-24)? Sergeant
Who says, “So fair and foul a day I have not seen” (I:iii:39)? Macbeth
Who says, “If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me without my stir” (I:iii:157)? Macbeth
Who says, “He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust” (I:iv:15-16) and what is its significance? Duncan- dramatic irony that sets up Macbeth as someone who Duncan thinks he can trust, but he is his murderer.
Who says, “Stars hide your fires; let not light see my black and deep desires” (I:iv:57-58)? Macbeth
Who says, “Yet do I fear thy nature; It is too full o’ the milk of human kindness” (I:v:14-15)? Lady Macbeth
Who says, “Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here and fill me, from the crown to the toe, top-full of direst cruelty!” (I:v:41-44) and what is its significance? Lady Macbeth- part of a soliloquy that shows that Lady Macbeth wants to suppress feminine qualities to go through with the murder.
Who says, “To beguile the time, look like the time: bear welcome in your eye, your hand your tongue; look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under’t” (I:v:68-71)? Lady Macbeth
Who says, “This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air nimbly and sweetly recommends itself unto our gentle senses” (I:iv:1-3)? Duncan
Who says, “I have given suck, and know how tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me: I would, while it was smiling in my face, have pluck’d my nipple from his boneless gums, and dash’d the brains out, had I so sworn as you have done to this” (I:vii:60-65) and what is its significance? Lady Macbeth- contrasting imagery that portrays Lady Macbeth as a loving then murderous mother to show loyalty to Macbeth
Who says, “Me thought I heard a voice cry ‘sleep no more! Macbeth doth murder sleep’—the innocent sleep” (II:ii:46-47)? Macbeth
Who says, “The night has been unruly. Where we lay, our chimneys were blown down, and, as they say, lamentings heard heard i’ the air, strange screams of death, and prophesying with accents terrible of dire combustion and confused events new hatch’d to the woeful time. The obscure bird clamor’d the livelong night. Some say the earth was feverish and did shake” (II:iii:55-62)? Lennox
Who says, “The wine of life is drawn” (II:iii:103)? Macbeth
Who says, “Who can be wise, amazed, temperate and furious, loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man: the expedition of my violent love outrun the pauser reason. Here lay Duncan, his silver skin laced with his golden blood, and his gash’d stabs look’d like a breach in nature for ruins wasteful entrance: there, the murderers, steep’d in the colors of their trade, their daggers unmannerly breech’d with gore. Who could refrain that had a heart to love, and in that heart courage to make’s love known” (II:iii:120-130) and what is its significance? Macbeth- imagery that portrays Duncan’s royalty and superior nature and shows that Macbeth’s love for Duncan is what forced him to act
Who says, “To be this is nothing, But to be safely thus” (III.i.52-53) and what is its significance? Macbeth- part of a soliloquy that shows that Macbeth determined Banquo is a threat and is worried that he ruined his soul for Banquo and his descendants
Who says, “Let grief convert to anger; blunt not the heart, enrage it” (IV:iii:265-266)? Malcom
Who says, “Out, damned spot! Out, I say!” (V:i:31) and what is its significance? Lady Macbeth- symbolism of guilt and dramatic irony because she told Macbeth not to think about their crimes because they will be insane and she becomes insane
Who says, “Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow creeps in this petty pace from day to day to the last syllable of recorded time; and all our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard no more. It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing” (V:v:21-30) and what is its significance? Macbeth- metaphor that shows Macbeth’s depressed and hopeless state
Who says, “I bear a charmed life, which must not yield to one of woman born” (V:viii:15-16) and what is its significance? Macbeth- dramatic irony that portrays Macbeth’s confidence because of the witches’ prophesies
Who says, “Twas a rough night” Macbeth
“Shall e’er have power upon thee. Then fly, false thanes, and mingle with the English epicures” indicates that…I. Some noblemen are deserting Macbeth?II. Macbeth views the English with contempt?III. Macbeth is defiant? I, II, and III
Macbeth’s words to the Servant in V:iii could best be described asa. bitterb. vitriolicc. chidingd. patronizinge. sarcastic (b) vitrolic
“Canst thou not minister to a mind diseas’d, pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow. Raze out the written troubles of the brain, and with some sweet oblivious antidote cleanse the stuff’d bosom of that perilous stuff which weighs upon the heart?” is particularly desperate because of hisa. all-consuming concern for his wifeb. doubts about the Doctor’s abilitiesc. own mental disturbanced. anxiety about the upcoming battlee. fear that Lady Macbeth will reveal his guilt (c) own mental disturbance
“Come, sir, dispatch.—If thou couldst, doctor, castThe water of my land, find her disease,And purge it to a sound and pristine health,I would applaud thee to the very echo,That should applaud again.—Pull ‘t off, I say.—What rhubarb, senna, or what purgative drug,Would scour these English hence? Hear’st thou of them?” Macbeth speaks of his country using a(n)a. allusionb. analogyc. similed. hyperbolee. aphorism (b) analogy
“Let every soldier hew him down a boughAnd bear ‘t before him. Thereby shall we shadowThe numbers of our host and make discoveryErr in report of us.” is an example ofa. symbolismb. paradoxc. ironyd. foreshadowinge. allusion (d) foreshadowing
“were they not forc’d with those that should be ours”the word “forc’d” could most accurately be restated asa. reinforcedb. compelledc. alliedd. requirede. armed (a) reinforced
“Hang out our banners on the outward walls.The cry is still “They come!” Our castle’s strengthWill laugh a siege to scorn. Here let them lieTill famine and the ague eat them up.Were they not forced with those that should be ours,We might have met them dareful, beard to beard,And beat them backward home.” contains…I. personificationII. alliterationIII. anithesis I, II
“She should have died hereafter.There would have been a time for such a word.Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,Creeps in this petty pace from day to dayTo the last syllable of recorded time,And all our yesterdays have lighted foolsThe way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor playerThat struts and frets his hour upon the stageAnd then is heard no more. It is a taleTold by an idiot, full of sound and fury,Signifying nothing.” These words contain all of the following EXCEPTa. cynicismb. despairc. nihilismd. sarcasme. bitterness (d) sarcasm
“Who may I rather challenge for unkindness than pity for mischance” expressesa. disappointment in Banquo’s obvious unreliabilityb. hopes that Banquo is merely thoughtless and not harmedc. determination to challenge rather than pity Banquod. conviction that Banquo must be held accountable for his actionse. desire to know who is responsible for Banquo’s absence (b) hopes that Banquo is merely thoughtless and not harmed
“O proper stuff!This is the very painting of your fear.This is the air-drawn dagger which you saidLed you to Duncan. Oh, these flaws and starts,Impostors to true fear, would well becomeA woman’s story at a winter’s fire,Authorized by her grandam. Shame itself!Why do you make such faces? When all’s done,You look but on a stool.” tone could most accurately be describeda. sarcasticb. patronizingc. derisived. flippante. philosophical (c) derisive
The phrase “twenty mortal murthers on their crowns” could best be restated asa. twenty bloody deeds to their accountb. twenty fatal wounds on their headsc. twenty brutal murders of royaltyd. twenty plans to murder the kinge. twenty murders to blame on the king (b) twenty fatal wounds on their heads
“take any shape but that, and my firm nerves” the word “that” refers to the shape of aa. tigerb. bearc. rhinocerosd. living mane. dead man (e) dead man
“with most admir’d disorder” the word “admir’d” most likely meansa. wondered atb. commendedc. esteemedd. emulatede. incredible (a) wondered at
“Can such things be,And overcome us like a summer’s cloud,Without our special wonder? You make me strangeEven to the disposition that I owe,When now I think you can behold such sights,And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks,When mine is blanched with fear.” it can be inferred that Macbeth believes thata. only he has seen the ghostb. he is a cowardc. Lady Macbeth has seen the ghostd. his fear is irrationale. he must apologize for his behavior (c) Lady Macbeth has seen the ghost
In Act III, scene iv, Macbeth expresses his concern about all of the following EXCEPT a. the future revelation of his guiltb. receiving retribution for his murdersc. possible treachery from Macduffd. the nobles’ suspicions about hime. the occurrence of supernatural events (d) the nobles’ suspicions about him
“Come, we’ll to sleep. My strange and self-abuseIs the initiate fear that wants hard use.We are yet but young in deed.” Macbeth attributes his strange behavior to hisa. lack of sleepb. cowardicec. youthd. inexperience in crimee. desire to punish himself (d) inexperience in crime
“So foul and fair a day I have not seen.” is characterized byI. paradoxII. inversionIII. alliteration I, II, III
Banquo’s statement “you should be women,” could best be restated asa. you ought to be womenb. you seem to be womenc. you must be womend. I believe you are womene. you behave like women (b) you seem to be women
“Your children shall be kings”-M. “You shall be king”-B. these lines are best understood to be theira. assertion of complete belief in the witches’ propheciesb. congratulations of each otherc. reiteration of the witches’ messagesd. expressions of incredulity concerning the propheciese. declarations of support for each other (c) reiteration of the witches’ messages
“and pour’d them down before him.” the word “them” refers to a. wondersb. ranksc. imagesd. post with poste. praises (e) praises
“and for an earnest of greater honor” “why hath it given me earnest of success” the word earnest could most accurately be restated asa. pledgeb. sincerityc. truthfulnessd. hinte. reward (a) pledges
“The thane of Cawdor lives: why do you dress meIn borrow’d robes?-M.Who was the thane lives yet;But under heavy judgment bears that lifeWhich he deserves to lose. Whether he was combinedWith those of Norway, or did line the rebelWith hidden help and vantage, or that with bothHe labour’d in his country’s wreck, I know not;But treasons capital, confess’d and proved,Have overthrown him.-A.” contains all of the following EXCEPTa. personificationb. ellipsisc. similed. metaphore. verbals (c) simile
The implication of Banquo’s words in “That trusted homeMight yet enkindle you unto the crown,Besides the thane of Cawdor. But ’tis strange:And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,The instruments of darkness tell us truths,Win us with honest trifles, to betray’sIn deepest consequence.” is thata. Macbeth is destined to become kingb. Macbeth’s receiving the title of Thane of Cawdor proves that the witches are trustworthyc. it is possible that the devil has a plan to make Macbeth kingd. the witches may be luring Macbeth and Banquo into a trape. Macbeth will betray Banquo when Macbeth becomes king (d) the witches may be luring Macbeth and Banquo into a trap
The “suggestion” in “if good, why do I yield to that suggestion” is most likely referring to Macbeth’sa. displacing the Thane of Cawdorb. murdering the Kingc. becoming indebted to the witchesd. being murdered by Banquoe. murdering Banquo’s son (b) murdering the King
Act I:Scene IDescribe the setting of this scene. How might it be significant considering this is the first scene of the play? What sort of mood does it create? A deserted place, it is a place of evil, barrenness and death. Three hideous witches gather here, obviously up to no good. It sets up a sense of foreboding and darkness, that there will be great sorrow and death in this story
Act I:Scene IThe witches say together, “Fair is foul, and foul is fair” This is one of the most famous lines in Macbeth. What do you think it means? It means that in this world, actions that are morally corrupt can end up gaining success, while good actions can actually harm one’s chances of success. It is referenced when Macbeth first speaks, and when Lady Macduff is ranting. (IV.ii.82-84)
Act I:Scene II. What does the Sergeant specifically report about Macbeth? What does this news reveal to you about Macbeth’s character? That Macbeth fought with Macdonwald with great skill, but he did not just defeat him, but cut him wide open from chin to legs. This shows that Macbeth is an effective warrior/person, but a brutal and vicious one
Act I:Scene IIIWhen Macbeth says, So foul and fair a day I have not seen,” what does he mean? What other line of the play does he echo? What could be the dramatic irony of the line? As Macbeth’s first words of the play, how might this line be significant? According to the quote, he is acknowledging a difference between appearance and reality. He is echoing the words of the three witches, who had said “foul is fair and fair is foul”. That the readers know this to be similar to what the witches say, but none of the characters know of this link. This line relates him to the witches, with all the twisted, evil, and death that it entails. It is setting him up for his fate- foreshadowing.
Act I:Scene IIIWhy does Banquo warn Macbeth about “the instruments of darkness?” How does this comment tie into the “fair is foul, foul is fair” theme? Banquo is nervous about these witches, he realizes that this may be a trap, set to drag them down into evil. Their words seem fair, but are underlit with evil and sin.
Act I:Scene IIIAs the others talk, what does Macbeth’s aside reveal about his thinking? What does he fear? How is this moment a significant turning point for Macbeth? He doesn’t know if the prophecy is good or bad. He fears his fantasy of killing the king. This is significant because no one in their right mind contemplates killing the king in order to gain his power. It marks the start of his ambition.
Act I:Scene IIIWhat is the difference between how Banquo reacts to the fulfillment of the first prophecy and how Macbeth reacts? Why might their reactions be different? Macbeth draws back in fear. Macbeth, after getting over his shock, asks the witches to explain then is entranced by the promised greatness , Banquo is thoughtless and greedy, asking for his own prophecy. Macbeth is taken aback at how close their prophecy is to some of his dreams, also may have something to do with his cautiousness around evil. Banquo wants what he can get, he is greedy, and incautious.
Act I:Scene IVHow does Malcolm describe Cawdor’s execution? How does Duncan respond? Cawdor died honorably, and with dignity. He confessed his treason, and submitted to his execution. He believes there is no way to judge a man’s mind by his face. Duncan trusted Cawdor completely and was wrong about him
Act I:Scene VAfter Lady Macbeth finishes reading the letter, what concern does she express about Macbeth? She fears that he will be too considerate of other humans, that he will not let ambition override the care he has for other people.
Act I:Scene VIHow do Duncan and Banquo regard Macbeth’s home? How are their comments an example of dramatic irony? They describe it as comfortable and pleasant. It is dramatic irony because it is the home of murderers
Act I:Scene VIHow does Lady Macbeth’s behavior in this scene contrast with what we know of her from last scene? What does this indicate about her character? Lady Macbeth has the image of an honorable, peaceful, and giving hostess. She is pleasant to her guests, and acts as if she is very feminine. In contrast, she is actually manipulative, power-hungry, and aggressive. This indicates she is not as she seems. She is deceptive and does not show her true character. Similar to Macbeth.
Act I:Scene VII. What arguments does Macbeth raise for not committing the murder? What does Macbeth mean when he says that Duncan is “here in double trust”? He brings up arguments about how Duncan is his king, and Macbeth is Duncan’s host, so he should be protecting Duncan not killing him. He means that Duncan trusts him because Duncan is king and because he is Duncan’s host. Duncan is the guest of Macbeth and has given him his trust, and additional honors.
Act II:Scene IHow would you describe Macbeth’s mental/emotional state at this point? When he talks to Banquo, he is fine, but when he’s by himself, he is hallucinating, nervous, he is in a very turbulent state.
Act II:Scene IWhat does the ringing of the bell indicate to Macbeth? How does Macbeth say the singing relates to Duncan? What kind of poetic form ends the sentence? The bell indicates that Lady Macbeth has his drink waiting for him, Macbeth says that the ringing of the bell summons Duncan to his final resting place, be it heaven or hell. The end of this phrase is a couplet.
Act II:Scene IIWhy does Lady Macbeth not commit the murder when she is in the room? Duncan looked like her father
Act II:Scene II
Act II:Scene IIMacbeth enters and describes what he saw and heard. She tells him, “These deeds must not be thought/ After these ways.” Why? If they dwell on their actions, their guilt will drive them insane
Act II:Scene IIMacbeth goes on to describe how he thought he heard a voice cry, sleep no more! Macbeth doth Murder sleep…” What is the meaning of Macbeth’s remarks about sleep? Sleep is a recurring motif that represents peace of the soul, in this case it also references Duncan’s eternal sleep. Macbeth’s lack of sleep is because of guilt and paranoia.
Act II:Scene II. In this scene, how does Lady Macbeth criticize her husband and show herself to be stronger? In what ways is she just as weak? Lady Macbeth asserts herself as stronger by rebuking Macbeth for his paranoia (about believing that his murderous actions had been witnessed.) She shows herself to be just as weak as she was unable to kill king Duncan.
Act II:Scene IIWhat does Macbeth say about cleaning the blood off of his hands? How does Lady Macbeth’s comment about their bloody hands contrast with his? What do their bloody hands symbolize? He moans that his hands will never come clean, Lady Macbeth says that her hands are bloody, too, but she is not as weak-hearted as he is. Their bloody hands symbolize their evil deeds.
Act II:Scene IIAt the close of the scene, there is an incessant knocking at the door. What might this knocking symbolize? The knocking was a sign of injustice and the vengeance of Duncan for being silenced. It is likely meant to symbolize death, knocking on the door. That, or the imminent discovery of their deeds. Also, it’s a symbol/metaphor for their guilt that surrounds them and oppresses them from all sides, denying them rest.
Act II:Scene IIIHow does Macduff question Macbeth’s actions? What does Lady Macbeth do to intercede? Macduff asks “why did you kill the servants?” Lady Macbeth pretends to faint, drawing the attention away from Macbeth.
Act II:Scene IVIn Greek Theater, tragedies focus on the tragic hero. This tragic hero is a great man who has on tragic flaw, which brings about his downfall. As the hero accepts the consequences of his errors, he teaches the audience some truth of life. If Macbeth is a tragic hero, what is his tragic flaw? His tragic flaw is that he is weak willed, susceptible to temptation. However, he is neither Greek nor a hero. He’s also really ambitious.
Act II:Scene IVWhat further unnatural acts are occurring? What do you think these events are meant to signify? Falcons are being killed by owls, horses stampeded, it is dark during the day. These all signify an act of unnatural evil, which upset the natural balance.
Act II:Scene IVWho is suspected of setting up the murder of Duncan? Why? Malcolm and Donalbain, they are the princes, who could stand to gain the throne after their father’s death. The suspicion falls upon them because the servants would have acted only on another’s orders, and Malcolm and Donalbain flee Scotland after Duncan’s death.
Act II:Scene IVInstead of attending the coronation, Macduff plans to travel home. How might this choice be significant? He is rejecting Macbeth as king, also showing that he has higher priorities.
Act IIIScene I. Look at the dialogue between Macbeth and Banquo; how has their relationship changed now that Macbeth is king? How has Macbeth’s demeanor changed since his last scene? Banquo has become suspicious of Macbeth. Before, they were equals and now they treat each other formally. There is distrust between them. Macbeth has become paranoid of Banquo and angry that his kids will be king. He is power-hungry, and wants to take control of things, despite believing in fate.
Act IIIScene IHow does Macbeth motivate the murderers to kill Banquo? What is Macbeth’s justification for not performing the deed himself? Macbeth fears that if Banquo lives, his children will inherit the throne that Macbeth killed for. Macbeth does not do it himself because he fears that others will disapprove, and that it would be hard to conceal if he himself did it
Act IIIScene IIWhat feeling about their security do both lady Macbeth and Macbeth express early in this scene? What does Macbeth say about Duncan to illustrate his point? They feel that these murders bring nothing but fear and worry. Macbeth says that Duncan is lucky because he is dead and does not have to worry about traitors anymore. He is jealous of Duncan.
Act IIIScene IIIWhat are Banquo’s dying words? How might they relate back to the prophecies? “Fly Fleance fly,” he is telling his son to flee, his son does and survives. Thus, the sons of Banquo can still inherit the throne.
Act IIIScene IVUpon returning to the banquet table, what does Macbeth see and how does he respond? How do the guests respond? Macbeth sees the ghost of Banquo. He starts to freak out. The ghost represents his lack of sleep and mental disorder. It is also his guilt and troubled mind. The guests are worried for his sake, but otherwise confused by his outburst. The joyful mood is killed.
Act IIIScene IVWhy does Macbeth bring up Macduff? What are the implications of Macduff’s actions? Macbeth wonders about Macduff’s loyalty. He has a spy watching him and he doesn’t want Macduff jeopardizing his safety. Macduff refuses to come to the dinner party when Macbeth commands it, which means he may be suspicious or distrustful of Macbeth.
Act IIIScene IV. What does Macbeth plan to do next? What grotesque image does he use to describe his current situation? He plans to visit the witches and find out more about what to do. He describes his situation as standing in a river of blood. He believes it would be just as hard to become good as it would to keep killing people.
Act IIIScene IVHow does Lady Macbeth describe her sleep? What earlier line does her remark recall? She never says a thing about her own sleep, just that her husband lacks it. It recalls Macbeth’s hallucination of a voice saying, “Macbeth doth murder sleep.”
Act IIIScene VWhat comments do Hecate make that suggest Macbeth has free will? What does she say to suggest he is controlled by fate? “Loves for his own ends, not for you.” “How did you dare trade and traffic with Macbeth…” fate: “Unto a dismal and fatal end.”
Act IIIScene VILennox seems to be very careful in his speech. Why is he cautious in what he says? What, if anything, could be interpreted as criticism of Macbeth? Lennox does not know the loyalty of those around him, and does not want to be killed as a traitor. he says that Macduff is wise for keeping his distance from Macbeth, he also says that Macbeth is a tyrant, that Macbeth has ruined the kingdom
Act IV Scene IWhat are the three apparitions and what is Macbeth’s response? 1) an armed head, who tells Macbeth to beware Macduff- Macbeth acknowledges that he has doubts about Macduff as well.2) a bloody child, tells Macbeth that nobody born of woman can hurt Macbeth- Macbeth says that he doesn’t need to kill Macduff then, but he will, just to be sure.3) a child with a crown and a tree, he says that Macbeth need fear nothing until Birnam forest comes to Dunsinane- Macbeth is delighted, saying that forests cannot move.
Act IV Scene IWhat is Macbeth’s resolve at the end of the scene? How do his plans differ from previous actions? He resolves to act without thinking things through, and his first impulse is to slaughter the Macduff family. His plans are not to eliminate just his target, but the entire family, this is much more violent and traceable than his other killings.
Act IV Scene IIWhy does Lady Macduff think Macduff’s flight was “madness”? How does Ross defend Macduff? Because he didn’t take his family with him. Ross tells her that there was likely some good reason for him to have gone or he was scared.
Act IV Scene IIWhy does Ross describe the current times as “cruel”? Because so many are accused of being traitors unjustly, and nobody is sure of what is rumor and what is true.
Act IV Scene IIIHow does Malcolm cleverly test Macduff’s loyalty? What is Macduff’s initial response? What finally indicates to Malcolm that Macduff is truly loyal? Malcolm tests him by asking his story, why he fled, what is going on in Scotland. Macduff initially responds with reasonable answers, but is stirred up into a fervent fury against Macbeth, which convinces Malcolm of Macduff’s sincerity
Act V Scene IHow does Lady Macbeth’s character in this scene contrast with her behavior in earlier scenes? She actually regrets past actions, and is haunted by her murderous deeds. Before she brushed them off as if they were nothing.
Act V Scene IIWho do Lennox, Angus, Menteith, and Caithness support? Where are they headed, and why is that location significant? They support Malcolm and Macduff, they are headed toward Birnam Wood, which is part of the witch’s prophecy.
Act V Scene IIHow is the plant metaphor begun by Duncan in Act I, Scene IV, continued in this scene? Duncan had referred to “planting” Macbeth, and in this scene Lennox says something about purging the weeds that have grown in Scotland
Act V Scene IIIWhat are Macbeth’s troops doing? Why does he remain so confident? Even though many thanes have deserted him, Macbeth remains confident because the wood has not yet come to Dunsinane, and nobody born of a woman can kill him.
Act V Scene IIIHow would you describe Macbeth’s demeanor in this scene? Arrogant, haughty, uncaring
Act V Scene IVWhat tactical strategy does Malcolm implement? What is its purpose, and why is it significant to the play? He conceals his forces by using branches of the Birnam forest. This gives him the advantage of knowing the enemy’s forces and his own, while the enemy does not know his forces. This is significant because the forest coming to Dunsinane is one of the signs that Macbeth is nearing his downfall.
Act V Scene V In reaction to the news that Lady Macbeth is dead, Macbeth delivers his most famous soliloquy. What is the main idea of his speech? That nothing really matters, everything passes, dies, and is nothing
Act V Scene VWhat does Macbeth now recognize about the prophecies? How does his realization relate to the play’s central theme? He realizes that the only reason they came true is that he believed them. His own ambition and desire for power corrupted him. He realizes things are not as they seem.He realizes that the prophecies were supposed to lull him into a false sense of security, that they were all tricks to manipulate him. The central theme is how unchecked ambition corrupts people and that nothing is as it seems
Act V Scene VWhat information does Macduff reveal about himself that makes Macbeth frightened? He reveals that he was not born of a woman, but delivered by a c-section
Act V Scene VWhat spurs Macbeth to continue fighting Macduff after he at first indicates he will not? Desperation, wanting to avoid shame for the rest of his life
Act V Scene VWhat is the final resolution of the play? Macbeth is dead, and Malcolm begins his reign. Nature is set right again

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