Othello Extra INFO

ichanges from a noble who declares, “But that I love the gentle Desdemona,” (I,ii,27) to a foul-minded, irrational husband who vows, “I’ll tear her to pieces.” (III,iii,483) He changes from treating her gently to striking her in public, and murdering her in a jealous rage. character development of Othello
“I am not what I am” ACT 1 SCENE 1 Iago’s duplicity is established.
“She loved me for the dangers I had passes and I loved her that she did pity them” Act 1 Scene 3 Othello and Desdemona fell in love with an image of one another. Certainly a love built upon pity isn’t desirable.
‘an old black ram is tupping your white ewe’ Symbolism: stereotypical symbolism of black as something dangerous and white as something pure. Metaphor: depicting Othello as a black ram dehumanises him and emphasises his ‘otherness’ (AO3). Making Desdemona an animal too dehumanises her and suggests how Othello has corrupted her. Juxtaposition between black and white suggests how Othello corrupts the innocence and purity of Desdemona; this contrast, blended with sexual imagery, is used to anger Brabantio even more.
explain damnation as a contextual point in Othello The fear of damnation stems from the contemporary conviction that there was a literal hell. Hell was portrayed the way Othello describes it, engulfed in dark flames. Elizabethans also believed in the incarnation of the devil which is how Othello finally sees Iago.
Explain lying as a contextual point in Othello (biblical) Telling lies was much more serious back then. Satan told lies to Eve in the garden of Eden. Telling the truth as a way to shame the devil. Iago as devil
‘. From this time forth I will never speak word.’ Act 5 Scene 2 < Iago's last lines are bold, stubborn enhancing the ambiguity of the nature of his character. <never explains the reason for his motives = makes his actions < furthers the link between him and the devil.
Describe nationalism and xenophobia in Elizabethan England Elizabethans were against mixed marriages and viewed black people with suspicion. Racist views were common.
I think the sun where he was born/ Drew such humours from him” ACT 3 Scene 4 Desdemona’s positive view of Othello’s race. provide a clear contrast with the negative Renaissance racial stereotype of Othello as a savage black man.
Significance of Iago Holding many more lines and soliloquies over Othello, Iago has guided us through the play in a greater capacity than Othello himself has as the protagonist.
ACT 3 SCENE 3 = it is the green eyed monster that mock the meat it feeds on” personifies jealousy with such destructive language to create evil imagery among the audience. The fact that this metaphor creates connotations of diseases and parasitical organisms that benefit by deriving nutrients at other’s expense highlights to an audience the corruption that is taking place in Othello’s mind, as his state of mind is tragically currently becoming infected by Iago’s liesIago’s ironic warning makes Othello’s fate seem inevitable.AO5: Iago is the ‘green-ey’d monster’ as he does all this because he suspects the ‘lusty moor’ and Cassio have slept with Emilia.
Divinity of hell!”Act 2 Scene 3 Iago: l. The diabolical nature of Iago’s character is captured in his imagery. This phrase clearly demonstrates where his worship lies, as the oxymoron suggests that he sees divine in the work of the devil, further associating him with the role of the vice. The “divinity of hell” reinforces the spiritual element of the play and Iago’s role as the deviL
‘I love thee gentle Desdemona’ Act 1 SCENE 2 This undermines Iago’s description of him in the first scene. Instead of being animalistic and savage, Othello is gentle and respectful to Desdemona. Context: this challenges Elizabethan ideas about black people and heightens Othello’s nobility.
‘my life upon her faith'(Act 1, Scene 3) Othello (Act 1, Scene 3) Ironic: bets his life she’s faithful but costs both of their lives when he doubts her.It is this complete love and trust in Desdemona that Iago is able to exploit by using his insecurities to make Desdemona betray him.
“Divine Desdemona” – Cassio Act 2 Scene 1 ACT 2 SCENE 1 Alliterative epithet . Cassio calls Desdemona ‘divine’ which highlights his respect for her, as well as her inherent goodness. She is linked to Christ. shows her purity and beauty.
[exit clown][enter Iago] ACT 3 SCENE1 Stage presence: dramatically switches from the clown to Iago reflects a dramatic transition from comic relief to tension. From this point on, tragedy.Suggests overriding power of evil in the play, as Iago’s entrance after clown’s exit conveys a sudden reversal of good and evil
‘I’ll tear her all to pieces’ ACT 3 SCENE 3 ( in Act 3, Scene 3) Othello’s brutality and violent tone turns towards Desdemona. He begins to align with contextual ideas about ‘Moors’. within one scene, Iago manages to transform Othello into a “noble” warrior to a brutal savage.
I never knew a Florentine more kind and honestAct 3 Scene 1 Cassio: dramatic irony created at the extent thag Iago has been able to decieve the entire character list. He has fooled every, the audience watch helplessly incapable of stopping the inevitable events to come
‘I will chop her into messes – cuckold me!’ ACT 4 Scene 1 Othello is filled with rage at the idea that Desdemona has made him a “cuckold” To be a “cuckold” was a shameful thing in Elizabethan society and meant that a husband’s masculinity had been destroyed.Character development: used to be peacekeeper, now initiator of violence.
eternal villain ACT 4 SCENE 2 Emilia is the only one to realise that someone must be manipulating Othello, but fails to recognise Iago as the cause – victim of his manipulation too.
[sings]’let nobody blame him; his scorn I approve’] ACT4 SCENE 3 Singing the ‘willow song’ shows how, in an indirect way, Desdemona has accepted her fate: Othello has turned mad and will desert her. ‘Willow’ = a symbol of lost love (in other Shakespeare plays)
“a very valiant fellow” Act 5 Scene 1 Lodovico: Iago has been successful in deceiving even Venice’s most superior members of society highlighting his Machiavellian qualities.
“Arise black vengeance, from the hollow hell!”ACT 3 SCENE 3 ACT 3 SCENE 3 Othello- Othello himself associates blackness with something negative – “vengeance.”- Full succumbs to barbaric, irrational Moorish nature which others have drilled into his mind that he is = fall from grace- Iago’s villainy is successful; Iago role as the devil incarnate causing destruction and sin
“Thou art a Villain.” ACT 1 SCENE 1 Early establishment of what Iago is ; Brab is the only one to see Iago for what he really is
“You’ll have your daughter covered with a Barbary/Horse;” ACT 1 SCENE 1 – Iago further ruins Brab’s view of Othello by playing on his fears of inter-racial marriage and contamination of bloodlines- Hints that Othello and Desdemona’s future children will be half-breeds who will bring shame upon him
I hate the Moor that twixt’ my sheets” ACT 1 SCENE 3 Monosyllabic and blunt phrase shows extent of hatred- reveals his reasoning behind his manipulative.- Suggesting that Iago is a villain of “motiveless malignity”- he believes without solid proof that Othello had an affair with his wife.
get you to bed on instant’ ACT 4 SCENE 3 Othello sending Desdemona to bed signifies how her death is quickly approaching, building tension for the audience who are aware of his plans of murder. Othello’s deterioration has unfolded so quickly that the audience are unprepared for the final scenes, making the tragedy even more heightened
“But for my sport and profit”(ACT 1 SCENE 3) proves he is a machiavellian character, he does things for his own enjoyment and gain
‘Farewell the tranquil mind’ Act 3 Scene 3 Othello know he lost rational thinking. descending into jealous madnesssaying farewell to his old sell – all that is left is jealousy and pain, no turning backends with wanting ‘ocular proof’ of Desdemona’s infidelity
Cassio Iago uses Cassio’s youth, good looks, and friendship with Desdemona to play on Othello’s insecurities about Desdemona’s fidelity.
Iago ago’s motivations are never clearly expressed and seem to originate in an obsessive, delight in manipulation and destruction.
hell and nightmust bring forth this monstrous birth to the world’s light’ Scene 3L Language of birth used as a metaphor for Iago’s destructive plan. He manipulates innocence of birth and blends it with ideas of death and destruction, Linked to “hell and night”, connoting darkness, sin and ultimate concealment. Rhyming couplet is foreboding and frightening – sounds like a spell – uncontrollable power of his manipulation
Explain female subordination at this time in terms of Desdemonal Desdemona’s submission to Othello demonstrates the hierarchy. However, Des’ assertiveness challenged the social order and for Brab does not choose her husband.
Explain the idea of reason in this play and link it to biblical imagery he failure of reason caused of the fall of man, for example Adam followed his love for Eve to overrule his better judgement. Elizabeth and therefore believed it was dangerous to let reason be dominated by passion. In Othello he becomes uncontrollably emotional and is therefore heading for a fall. His heightened state means lack of reason leads to tragic consequences
“Reputation, reputation, reputation!”- Cassio Act Scene 3 Cassio- Forceful, exclamatory repetition heightens emotional appeal (pathos)• Another key theme of reputation – how important reputation is in Venetian society, how an action like his drunkenness can cause a loss of reputation• Animalistic reference – demonstrating Cassio’s belief that to lose reputation is to be a beast
she’s a simple bawd Act4 Scene 2 Showing that he has also begun to take on Iago’s misogynistic attitudes- Using sexist language to describe women outside of the supposedly unfaithful Desdemona
“Theres magic in the web of it = Othello act 3 scene 4 Othello- Handkerchief’s metaphysical properties symbolise not only Othello mystic-filled background but the nature of female honour tied to*marital fidelity-
“I nothing but to please his fantasy ACT 3 SCENE 3 emphasizes the stereotype of females to please their husbands. Her subservience reflect the obedience of all women to their male counterparts.Justifies the stealing of the handkerchief with her duties as an Elizabethan wife
“My lord, you know I love you”- Iago Act 3 Scene 3 Literary allusion to the biblical PETER and JUDAS words to Jesus, who he later betraysAlso shows the duality of Iago as he can go from “[hating] the Moor” to loving the moor.
“The green-eyed monster which mock the meat it feeds on”- Iago Shakespeare personifies jealousy with such destructive language to create evil imagery among the audience.this metaphor creates connotations of diseases that benefit by deriving nutrients at other’s expense highlights the corruption taking place in Othello’s mind, as his state of mind is currently becoming infected by Iago’s liesIago’s ironic warning makes Othello’s fate seem inevitable.AO5: Iago is the ‘green-ey’d monster’ as he does all this because he suspects the ‘lusty moor’ have slept with Emilia.
“The Moor is of a free and open nature”” Act 1 scene 3. Iago. suggesting that Othello’s weakness’ he doesn’t understand that appearances can hide reality. He ‘s Extremely sadistic and cynical perception of good nature, highlights Iago as a MACHIAVELLAIN villain.
Iago “I follow him to serve my turn upon him.” Iago’s villainous character . He will use Othello to gain what he desires. Foreshadowing later events of Iago’s power quest. He is untrustworthy
“You rise to play and go to bed to work” Act 2 Scene 1 – Iago- Iagos derogatory sexual comment reflects lowly opinion of women
I hate the Moor Monosyllabic and blunt phrase shows extent of hatred
Seneca influence dramatics – long soliloquies that explore revenge and violence
John Knox argue that a women should serve her husband ‘, affirming that woman has no equal power with man’
Handkerchiefs signified status and wealth in Renaissance Europewe can see why Othello might place so much emphasis on the handkerchief
‘there’s a beast in a populous city’ ACT 4 SCENE 1 act 4 scene 1Context: Iago plays on the stereotype that Venetian women were promiscuous. showing his misogyny. Othello believes these stereotypes, but is also a victim of discrimination too?
‘Iago is most honest’ act 2 scene 3 Othello’s assured tone about the honesty of Iago is worrying and dramatically ironic – unaware of the countless soliloquies where Iago has revealed his true nature. Othello’s hamartia IS his naivety and unwavering belief in Iago’s morality.
“O damned Iago! O inhuman dog!”Act 5 Scene 1 Roderigo: Iago can often be likened to the devil which this quote portrays him as lacking humanity. If Iago is the devil incarnate then he needs no motives other than evil itself. Only human compassion forces us to humanize him by projecting tvarious motives upon him but his silence SHOWS his true evil has no explanation to offer. Quote shows Roderigo to be a pitiful comic figure. Only now in death does he realize that Iago taken his money, his time, AND effort,
“Nobody; I myself. Farewell” Act 5 scene 2 : create even more pathos from the audience through Desdemona’s undying love that she continues to feel for Othello highlighting her devotion towards him, shpws character tragic flaws she has. Her subversive nature isSEEN and the fact that Desdemona blames herself show that she KNOWS SHE’S going against societies conventions and desiring a marriage that’s seen as bad towards contemporary audience is her downfall. The tragedy lies in Shakespeare conforming to these racist social conventions.

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