Odyssey American Government Ch 4 Review

executive branch of the American government, e.g., the Clinton administration administration
the container into which votes are put ballot box
a person who desires a position in a political office canidate
people of a region who elect a representative, who is then answerable to these people; the region itself constituency
a country with a one-party leader who is in complete control, usually, one who is unfair dictatorship
a type of person who will staunchly campaign or vote for only one political party partisan
a group of people organized with a governmental agenda in mind political party
a political plan of action program
pertaining to political divisions in Canada; regional or territorial provincial
democracies where the people elect representatives to act as their agents in making laws representative democracies
Political parties are ______ to express the wishes of the people. instruments
Third parties play a highly important role in the _____. strengthening of the two major parties
_______-party systems are most common in the English-speaking countries of the world. Two
What are the major political parties in Great Britain? Conservative and Labour
A person running for political office is called a _____. canidate
Voters in a district who elect a public servant are known as a(n) _____. constituency
Which of the following are major political parties in Canada? Alliance and Liberal
Which U.S. political party controlled the South from 1861 to the early 1960s? Democratic
What party do the large U.S. cities tend to support? Democrat
Dictatorships are most commonly found in which of the following places? Communist countries and Fascist Countries
What is a coalition? a temporary alliance of political parties
What are the major American political parties? Democratic and Republican
Which of the following are Democratic presidents? Kennedy, Carter, Jackson
Many times, a political party is accused of _______ if it appears it puts its party’s agenda ahead of the good of the people. partisan politics
legislation which gave the President power to deport any alien he deemed dangerous Alien and Sedition Acts
one of the first two American political parties; it wanted a weak central government Anti-Federalist Party
the federal power of the country central government
gathering for the purpose of creating a Constitution which would frame the laws for running the U.S. Constitutional Convention
a period from 1816-1824 where there was only one political party: the Democrat-Republicans Era of Good Feelings
a group that may not be in agreement with the general direction of the larger population. faction
one of the first two American political parties; it wanted a strong central government Federalist Party
interpretation of the Constitution allowing the federal government powers not specifically denied it loose construction
arrangement or groundwork laid to establish a program provision
interpretation of the Constitution limiting the Federal government to the powers in the document strict contruction
The ______ believed in a loose construction of the Constitution. federalists
The ________ believed that the Federal government should possess all powers not specifically denied to it. Federalists
The Anti-Federalists believed in a ______ interpretation of the Constitution. strict
The Anti-Federalist would limit the Federal government strictly to _____. the powers the constitution delegated to it
Why did Democrats hold power for so long in the 30s, 40s, and 50s? the country entered the Great Depression
Select the true statements about the Democratic Party. – It is the oldest political party in the United States.- The Democrats won the presidency in the 90’s but lost control of Congress.
The Democrats won all the elections from 1828-1860 EXCEPT in _____ and ______. 1840 and 1848
The Democrats fought bitterly at times over _____. banking policies, slavery issues, and tariff rates
The Democratic split was so severe during the 1860 elections that _____. they ran two candidates for presidency
The only Democrats to serve as President from 1860 to 1916 were _____. Cleveland and Wilson
in a national election, a candidate won the vote in a particular state carried
a person who does not hold an office but who is trying to unseat an incumbent challenger
to yield or surrender, to admit or acknowledge concede
an uneasiness due to the lack of stability in the financial market economic unrest
a person who currently holds an office incumbent
losing by a large margin in an election landslide defeat
having the larger number in a house of Congress, assuring strong voting power majority
a public shame or disgrace brought about by illegal or unethical actions scandal
financial panic where the market lost so much power that many people lost their fortunes in days stock market crash of 1929
a party formed mainly to fight the Democratic Party and Andrew Jackson; formed in the 1830’s Whig Party
The Republican party originated _____. from a firm political stance against slavery
Which of the following describes the early Republican party? In 1856, John C. Freemont won eleven northern states on an anti-slavery platform.
Which of the following best describes Republican dominance from the time of Abraham Lincoln? Its policies appealed to a wide variety of constituents, including farmers, merchants, and industrialists.
Throughout the 20th century, Republicans have done which of the following? – won majorities in both the House, Senate, and presidency during the middle of the century- elected Dwight D Eisenhower- twice- lost to Jimmy Carter and won with incumbent George H. Bush
Which of the following are Republican presidents? Theodore RooseveltUlysses S. GrantDwight D. EisenhowerRonald ReaganWilliam Howard Taft
A significance outcome of the 2000 elections is _____. the election results were challenged in court up to five weeks after the election
Why did divisions in the Republican party occur? because conservative Republicans re-elected Taft at the party’s 1912 national convention
The “_________ way” is a logically consistent approach to politics based on the moral principle of “self-ownership.” Libertarian
Debt-ridden farmers founded which parties in the late 1800s? Populist and Greenback
The _____ party is an example of a single-issue party. prohibition
Which parties began by splitting away from the two major political parties? Roosevelt Progressives, Liberal Republicans, Dixiecrats
The party formed by Texas billionaire Ross Perot 1990s was a member of the _____ Party. Reform
The _____ stands for prevention-oriented government, conflict-free politics, and proven solutions designed to bring national life into harmony with natural law. Natural Law Party
Which are examples of left-wing protest groups? Socialist Labor PartyCommunist Party USADemocratic Socialists of AmericaSocialist Workers’ Party
The Prohibition Party was founded in 1869 solely for the purpose of preventing the manufacturing and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. The Prohibition Party is an example of ______. a party with only one goal
The_____ Party is a left-wing protest party that was formed in 1919. American Communist Party
The Populist Party of the 1890’s was an example of a party formed chiefly to help a _______. specific group of people
to accept and agree upon adopt
a unified and organized effort with a goal in mind campaign
the director of a political agenda whose goal is to place a chosen candidate in office campaign manager
an issue that may not be agreed upon by many different sides, and causes many debates controversial
on a smaller, non-widespread scale local level
on a country-wide scale national level
to formally suggest and recommend a candidate for election nominate
an issue upon which the campaign may build such as civil rights, taxes, energy, or education plank
the declared policy of a political group platform
an election region or section of a community precinct
a plan of action strategy
How often is the party platform written? every four years
Parts of the party platform in the form of issues that are presented to the people such as civil rights, taxes, and energy are called _____. planks
Functions of political parties include which of the following? – selecting the candidate- designing the platform- conducting the campaign- financing the campaign
What committee sends political leaders to certain states to campaign for their party’s candidate? national committee
How much was spent by candidate Donald Trump on his presidential bid? 343 million dollars
Which of the following are sources of funding for political campaigns? – the party- the average taxpayer- the candidate themselves
______ was praised for his efforts in the Gulf War, but was criticized for his poor efforts in strengthening the nation’s economy. George H Bush
A duty of the “_______” is to take a firm stand on the program of the administration and publicize its views. local opposition
The parties have to depend largely on _________ for their campaign funding. donations
one who is nominated or designated to a position appointee
the group of leaders who make the major decisions in the political party’s election strategy committee
a monthly digest of information for Democrats The Democrat Digest
the vote each state is given to cast for a national candidate for President of the United States electoral votes
the convention that mobilizes the national agenda and announces the candidates for the national election mass meeting
appointing individuals to political offices patronage
the effort to establish a favorable impression with the populace public relations
a monthly digest of information for Republicans The Republican
chairman of the national committee and presidential candidate specific leaders
money designated for the purpose of conducting a winning campaign war chest
What are the basic units of each party at each level? mass meeting and committee
The Chairman of the Democratic National Committee: _____. – has skills in fundraising, organizing, and public relations- decides where national funds are spent during campaigns- grants favors and rewards party faithfuls by recommending them for political appointments
The Democratic National Committee sends _____ representatives from the Panama Canal Zone. two
The headquarters for both major parties are located in _______. Washington DC
What are the ways that a Republican state chairman can become a member of his party’s national committee? – if most members in the Congress from his states are Republican- if his state has a Republican governor- his state cast electoral votes in the last election for the Republican candidate
What are duties of the national chairman? – campaign manager and fund-raiser- campaign fund spending and fund management- public relationships- assisting the President in awarding loyal party workers
What are the official publications for the Republican and Democratic Parties? Democratic Digest and The Republican
In most states, committee members chosen by _____. party primaries
Functions of state committees include which of the following? – organizing and managing campaigns for state offices- assisting in local campaigns- organizing state conventions- raising money
The primary responsibility of the precinct captain is to _____. make sure that all members of their party are registered to vote
the individual fills out documentation and pays a filing fee to announce that he seeks a political office announcement
a gathering of party leaders to talk over possible candidates caucus
the voter declares his party allegiance and votes for the ballot of his own party closed primary
delegates nominate most county officers and chose delegates to the state convention county convention
person wishes to be a candidate for the party, so he makes an announcement of intention declaration of candidacy
the members vote, by secret ballot, to choose their candidate for the general election direct primary
qualified voters vote for the candidates without revealing their party membership open primary
members of one party move into the primary of the other party to choose candidates party-raiding
the most votes cast, but not necessarily a majority plurality
delegates nominate candidates for offices and Congress, and delegates to the national convention state convention
Political parties organize people together to select candidates who most nearly ______ their goals and political desires. represents
By using the caucus, the people took no part in the ______ process. nomination
During the first three presidential elections the president and the vice president were elected by _____. popular vote
Today the caucus is widely used _____. on a local level
During the early 1800s, candidates for the positions of president and vice president were chosen by _____. caucus
The state convention nominates which of the following groups? – all candidates for state offices- candidates for Congressional office
Which of the following are negative characteristics of political conventions? fraud, bribery, corruption
Two convention delegates may be chosen by: the people and party leaders
A(n) _______ primary is one in which the voter is given one ballot that has the names of the candidates for each office in each party. wide-open
Which types of conventions came into being after 1830? county and state
Five methods of nomination used today include: – convention- caucus- direct primary- petition- announcement
Which of the following are types of primaries that lend itself to “party raiding”? open and wide-open
Which of the following best characterize the county convention? – elected the county chairman- nominated county officers- choose delegates to the state convention
A(n) _______ primary is one in which voters get the ballot of their announced party. closed
A(n) primary is one in which voters may vote of for the candidates of the party they desire. open
In most states, an independent candidate may file a petition of nomination _____. after the primary election
Which of the following are methods for a candidate to be placed on their party’s primary ballot? petition, and caucus
A person can get his name put on the primary ballot of his party by__________ . declaration and payment
Process for those who cannot be present at their polling place because of health or obligation. absentee voting
A secret ballot, originated in Australia. Australian ballot
If a losing candidate feels that fraud has occurred he may call the commission to recount the votes. contested election
Selected by district election board, a group that sees to the fairness and efficiency of an election. election board
One who is responsible for the proper conduct of the election. inspector
Titles of offices appear across the ballot; the candidates of parties for each office are below the titles. office-bloc arrangement
Older form of voting where voters would call out the name of the candidate. oral voting
Names of the parties appear at tops of the columns; titles of various offices are shown at sides. party column method
A citizen who is paid by the parties to keep a watchful eye on the voters and the officials. poll watcher
Specific voting area; each voter is assigned a particular place within the district where he lives. polling place
Ballot that is kept private and distributed only at the polling places and only by the election officials. secret ballot
Each county, district, or city is divided into: precincts
A _______ watcher is a citizen who is paid by the parties to keep a watchful eye on the voters and the officials. poll
Which of the following are types of public buildings used for polling places? schools, libraries, police stations, fire stations
Characteristics of election officers include: inspectors and judges who make certain ballot boxes are not illegally stuffed
There are generally between _____ to _____ election officers at each polling place. three, five
Election officers are chosen by the: election board
Two reasons why voting in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, or North Korea, is not representative of a democratic process: – The ballots offer only offer one choice for each position.- The voting process serves as a census to account for its citizens.
In the early days of our democracy, voting was done: orally
This form of voting was introduced in the United States in 1888: Austrailian or secret ballot
The first place in the United States where the Australian ballot was used was: Louisiana, Kentucky
Three distinctive features of the Australian ballot are: – names of all candidates appear on a single ballot- it is prepared by the state or county at public expense- it is distributed at polling places by election officials
A contested election means that the losing candidate is demanding a _______ . recount
What is the advantage for the use of voting machines? (all of the above)- fraud is nearly impossible- assure absolute secrecy- do away with the need for numerous officials to count ballots
Most states do what they can to encourage a higher voter turnout, including: – ending out ballots to those who may be absent, disabled or unable to get to the polls for whatever reason- allowing people to vote in front of a notary public- encouraging as many voters as possible to mail in their ballots
When a person votes in an election using a ballot obtained from his county election officer either in person beforehand or by mail it is called: absentee voting
In absentee voting, a person marks the ballot and then swears before a _______ that he is a registered and qualified voter. He then sends his ballot to the county _______ . notary public, clerk
a designation to serve, based upon ability and other qualifications appointment
this follows the primary election; voters determine which of the nominated candidates shall hold office general election
a voter with no party affiliation independents
designated authorities who see to the fairness of the election at each voting precinct polling officials
an early election in which delegates select and nominate candidates for office primary
the submitting of a proposed public measure for voting by the general public. referendum
a ticket for voting that shows only the names of the candidates for the highest offices short ballot
voting for the best candidates for each office regardless of party split ticket
a person votes for all candidates of that party for all offices straight ticket
a device used in elections; its privacy curtain or shield ensures the citizen of secrecy while voting voting booth
a mechanism used in elections; with a system of buttons and levers, the voter has no need of writing utensils voting machine
Which characteristics make the long ballot ineffective? – Voters can be overwhelmed and vote by randomly guessing.- It puts too much of the onus of learning about the issues and candidates on voters.
The long ballot encouraged ___________voting. straight ticket
The alternative to voting a straight ticket is to vote a _________ . split ticket
To vote a __________ ticket requires a knowledge of the qualifications of every candidate. split
On the ______ ballot only the names of the candidates for the highest office appears on the ballot. short
What are the differences between straight ticket and split ticket voting? – in a straight ticket you vote for all one party- voting a split ticket means that you vote for some Republicans and some Democrats depending on the candidate
A characteristics of short ballot voting is _____. the candidates voted in at the upper levels probably have more understanding of who would serve the public best.
Limiting the frequency of elections could have the following result _____. more people might turn to the polls
The president and vice president are elected once every _______ years. four
America’s voting system could be considered ineffective because _____. it is nearly impossible to ensure the majority of voters have enough information on all of the candidates and issues to make informed decisions at the ballot box
An argument to separate national elections from local elections is _____. unqualified candidates can be elected to local office simply because they are the same party as a popular presidential candidate
Voters will more likely turn out to vote if _____. they are well-informed about the candidates and the issues on the ballot
One way to cut down on the number of elections is to not have an election when all the persons running are ________, which happens frequently. unopposed
The short ballot movement would institute which of the following voting measures? – those running for mayor would be the only candidates on municipal election ballots- state and local election ballots would be similar to that of the current national election ballot
Which of the following are possible changes to elections that might help with voter fatigue or low-voter turnout? – putting national elections in November and State and Local elections in March- voting for all national candidates once every four years- making few elected officials responsible for their actions so they can appoint others

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