Odyssey American Government Ch 3 section 2

describes a performance mainly in pomp and style rather than in accomplishment ceremonial
a series of measures that keep a system from becoming too powerful or too weak checks and balances
U.S. president; carries responsibility of ceremonial duties, foreign affairs and armed forces chief executive
another name for the chief executive; the president of the United States chief of state
the communication and ongoing relationship between America and other nations of the world diplomatic relations
one of the three branches of the U.S. government; mainly enforces federal laws executive branch
fifteen divisions of responsibility that handle the duty of administering the national government executive department
parts of the executive branch that act apart from an interactive network independent agencies
to explain the meaning of; to clarify the definition of interpret
one of the three branches of the U.S. government; interprets federal laws, upholds, or negates them judicial
one of the three branches of the U.S. government; establishes or retracts laws legislative
The executive branch is responsible for which of the following? – national security and defense- enforcing all laws made by the legislative branch- functioning like a CEO of the government- appointing secretaries to oversee several departments of government
T or F The “Beltway mentality” is a desired goal of every presidential administration. false
To ______ means to explain the meaning of, or to clarify the definition of. interpret
The three branches of our government are _____. executive, judicial, legislative
The president is responsible for the communication and ongoing relationship between America and other nations of the world. This is known as _____. diplomatic relations
The president may serve a maximum of ____terms in office. two
According to your understanding of the lesson, the president is responsible for which of the following? Select all that apply. – acting as commander in chief of the armed forces- acting as the executive for departments overseeing the United States Postal Service, the CIA and the Social Security Administration- acting as executive of the office in charge of setting scientific research standards
Which of the following are offices under the jurisdiction of the executive office? – National Security Council- Office of Policy Development- Office of Management and Budget- Council of Economic Advisors- White House Office
If you were vice president, your job would include _____. – taking over if the president became incapacitated- implementing the president’s policies- serving at the pleasure of the president- advancing the policy goals of the executive branch
Which of the following powers does the president have? veto, appointments, deploy military
What happens if no candidate receives at least 270 votes from the Electoral College? The House of Representatives elects the President and the Senate elects the Vice President.
improved; changed; made into a better quality. amended
The divisions of the Constitution addressing certain policies and laws set forth for the country. Article
Any one of the 12 courts of appeal in the various federal districts throughout the United States. circuit courts
Whether the law or act is within the guidelines of the United States Constitution. constitutionality
Charging an official with a misdeed. impeachment
Courts making decisions as to whether laws passed stay within the guidelines of the U.S. Constitution. judicial review
A group of citizens appointed to hear and decide upon a case presented in a court of law. jury
Choose; appoint. nominate
Negate; destroy. nullify
Reverse; change to the opposite position. overturn
The act of the courts interpreting the meaning of laws and administrative rules and regulations. statutory construction
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land and is part of this branch of government: judiciary
Justices for the Supreme Court are: nominated by the president
The judicial system of courts derives its powers from _______ of the Constitution. Article III
What are three statements that are true about the judicial branch? – The judiciary system is established by the Constitution.- Nine justices serve in the Supreme Court.- There are 12 courts of appeal in the judiciary system.
The four parts of the judicial system include the: – Supreme Court- district courts- Circuit Courts- Court of Veterans’ Appeals
to recommend or suggest advise
a representative of a government; a diplomat who resides in the country where the ambassador is in communication ambassador
to evaluate and set the amount of a tax assess
to agree or accept consent
political competitors contenders
in American politics, situation in which one party controls the House and the other party controls the Senate divided government
presiding officer of the Senate whenever the vice president is not present president pro tempore
ruling; overseeing presiding
recall; cancel repeal
Which of the following are congressional powers? – coining money- overriding a presidential veto- making laws
A ______ is when one party controls the House and another party controls the Senate. divided government
Who is the presiding officer of the Senate whenever the vice president is not present? president pro tempore
The House and Senate have different responsibilities. Which of the following would the House be responsible for? – initiate the impeachment process- levy taxes and determining how interstate shipping is regulated
A diplomat who resides in the country where the diplomat is in communication is a(n) _____. ambassador
This article of the Constitution gives the legislature its powers _____. Article 1
The Senate has ______ senators. The House has _______ representatives. 100, 435
Members of the House of Representatives are elected by the different states on the basis of their population in the ______. most recent US census
The _____ branch of government can create, alter, or repeal laws. legislative
What are the four agencies that are maintained by the legislative branch of the government? – General Accounting Office- Printing Office- Library of Congress- Congressional Budget Office
Which of the following allowed citizens to elect senators to Congress? 17th

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