Much Ado about Nothing Literary Devices

Dramatic Irony Definition When the audience knows something that the characters do not know
Dramatic Irony Author’s Purpose To allow readers to ask questions of characters’ choices and to create tension
Dramatic Irony Example “Knowing the heat of a luxurious battle”; Claudio is implying Hero is unfaithful but we know she is faithful
Paradox Definition Something that seems false but is actually true
Paradox Author’s Purpose To make people dig deeper in his writing and wants to reveal a small piece but not the whole thing
Paradox Example The title is a big example because it says there is a lot to do about nothing and there actually is
Oxymoron Definition A figure of speech in which contradictory terms appear together(only two words side by side)
Oxymoron Author’s Purpose To make the reader think and can call attention to irony
Oxymoron Example “Thou pure impiety” (Not pure)
Hyperbole Definition Exaggerated statement not meant to be taken literally
Hyperbole Author’s Purpose To be humorous and to emphasize a point
Hyperbole Example Beatrice talking to a messenger about Benedick saying, “O lord he will hang upon him like a disease”
Allusion Definition A reference back to something
Allusion Author’s Purpose To foreshadow a future event; adds layer of meaning
Allusion Example “Loving Leander the good swimmer” as referring to Hero and Leander in Greek Mythology
Pun Definition A play on words
Pun Author’s Purpose To create humor
Pun Example Beatrice “He is a valiant treacherman; he hath an excellent stomach”
Litotes Definition Understanding a situation or action(opposite of hyperbole)
Litotes Author’s Purpose To achieve emphasis by using double negatives
Litotes Example Benedick says. “I would I could find in my heart that I have not a hard heart for truly I love none.”
Blank Verse Definition Unrhymed Iambic pentameter
Blank Verse Author’s Purpose To produce a formal rhythmical pattern; To indicate a noble speaker
Blank Verse Example “But fair be well most fair most foul farewell”
Symbolism of Place Definition The use of setting to symbolize and represent ideas and or qualities
Symbolism of Place Author’s Purpose To convey their point and to make use of every aspect and to make a point without actually saying it
Symbolism of Place Example The garden with the vines and how man eavesdropping scenes occur in the garden
Archetype Definition Recurring pattern or stereotype
Archetype Author’s Purpose To allow audience to connect by understanding the generalization of a person or situation
Archetype Example “I am a plane-dealing-villain” (Stereotypical bad guy)
Chiasmus Definition Reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases
Chiasmus Author’s Purpose To catch the reader’s attention and to produce artistic effect
Chiasmus Example “How much better is it to weep at joy than to joy at weeping”
Apostrophe Definition To address a real or imaginary entity; addressing someone that is not there or something that won’t talk back
Apostrophe Author’s Purpose To emphasize or express emotion
Apostrophe Example “O fate take not away thy heavy hand” Leonato addressing fate
Symbol Definition An object or action that means something more than its little; always has to be a concrete object
Symbol Author’s Purpose To refer to mythology or to represent anything to make things clear
Symbol Example “In time the savage bull doth bear the yolk”; The masks
Foreshadowing Definition A warning or indication of a future event
Foreshadowing Author’s Purpose Used as preparation for the plot events; to avoid disappointing the reader
Foreshadowing Example Don John plans to plot against Claudio despite hm being his brother
Anastrophe Definition The inversion of the usual order of clauses
Anastrophe Author’s Purpose To make rhyme or meter work
Anastrophe Example “and on my eyelids shall conjection hang”
Personification Definition Attribute of personal nature or characteristics to inanimate objects
Personification Author’s Purpose To emphasize imagery or purpose that the reader can see in their head
Personification Example Beatrice saying, “a star dance”
Synecdoche Definition When you use a part to represent a whole thing
Synecdoche Author’s Purpose To indirectly address something; to emphasize
Synecdoche Example “Like the old tale of mr. fox” Benedick referring to old tale of mr. fox; body parts used as well

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