Mrs. Howard’s Macbeth Test

tragedy a literary work depicting serious events in which the main character (often of high rank and dignified) comes to an unhappy end
this play shows a familiar tragic pattern: the rise and fall of a person who is powerful but contains a tragic (or fatal) flaw
human actions have… … inevitable consequences
characters bad deeds, errors, mistakes, or crimes are… …never forgiven and lead to a catastrophe, often death.
catharsis an emotional release experienced by the audience at the end– cleansing or purging of emotions
Shakespeare took his story from what? an account in 11th century Scottish history
the actions in this play are determined by what? internal desires and fears of the main characters, intermingled with external forces of circumstances and fate
Shakespeare portrays what in Macbeth and Lady Macbeth? characterization
how does he characterize them? he shows good and evil qualities in each, as well as strengths and weaknesses. In spite of their being consumed by the consequences of their evil actions, they still grow in self-awareness.
man’s earthly life is closely involved with what? supernatural powers of good and evil
the story centers on what? a moral choice and the consequences of that choice
comic relief a humorous scene, incident, character, or bit of dialogue after some serious or tragic moment. It’s designed to relieve emotional intensity but also to highlight or heighten the seriousness or tragedy of the action
dramatic irony a situation in a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that the character doesn’t know
tragic flaw quality within the hero or heroine (character flaw) which leads to his or her downfall. Often the very trait that makes the individual noteworthy is what ultimately causes the individual’s decline into disaster
soliloquy an extended speech delivered by a character alone on stage (it often reveals the character’s innermost thoughts or feelings).
aside in drama, a few words or short passage spoken by one character in an undertone or directly to the audience. Its meant to be heard by the audience, but supposedly it is not heard by other characters on the stage
monologue a speech given by a single individual in a drama
foil contrasting character who allows the protagonist to stand out more distinctly
exposition introduces the characters in a state of happiness or at the height of their power, fame, or influence. It also sets the mood, gives the setting, and provides necessary background information
complication (rising action) introduces a problem or dilemma; develops the conflict to a high point of intensity
climax the dilemma reaches a point of crisis where something decisive happens to determine future events and the eventual working out of the conflict
falling action the main character fails to avoid the coming crisis or catastrophe, and the disaster occurs
resolution (catastrophe) this reveals the grim consequences of that failure. an events marks the ultimate tragic fall of the central character– often it is his death
at the beginning of the play, we learn that Scotland is at war with England false
the witches promise that Banquo’s children shall be kings true
Duncan has been a good king true
Macbeth tells no one of the witches’ prophecies false
Lady Macbeth dominates her husband true
how are Duncan and Macbeth related? they are cousins
What title does Duncan decide to award Macbeth? Thane of Cawdor
With what three titles do the witches greet Macbeth? Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and king
Whom does Duncan name as his successor? Malcolm
What quality in her husband does Lady Macbeth see as a liability? kindness
what is the name of Banquo’s son? Fleance
Name one of the three ways in which Macbeth sees the daggar covered in blood
What does Macbeth forget to leave behind when leaving Duncan’s chamber? the daggers
Who seems the stronger character at the end of scene 2? Lady Macbeth
What happens to the sleeping grooms? Macbeth kills them
Where does the porter imagine that he is? he imagines that he is the gatekeeper of hell
Who first discovers Duncan’s murder? Macduff
What crime does Macbeth publicly confess? he confesses to killing the guards
At the beginning of Act II, how does Banquo show that he is already on guard and fears for his life? He keeps his sword close to him and does not sleep though he is tired
What sign do you see that, even before the murder, Macbeth is losing touch with reality? He hallucinates a floating dagger
In Scene 2, why is Macbeth still in possession of the murder weapons? He forgot to put them with the sleeping guards
What happens to the daggers? Lady Macbeth plants them on the sleeping guards
Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth comment on the stains of Duncan’s blood. Compare their reactions. Macbeth feels guilt immediately while Lady Macbeth brushes it off, saying that just a little water will wash their hands of blood.
In Scene 3, Lennox tells Macbeth of several strange events that indicate trouble. What are they? Chimneys were blown down, they heard lamenting and screams of death in the air, an obscure bird clamored through the night, and there were earthquakes
Why does Macbeth kill Duncan’s grooms? To pin the murder on them and to show his “grief” at Duncan’s loss. They would also be unable to testify otherwise.
To what does Macbeth invite Banquo? a feast
Who is going to accompany Banquo when he rides forth? Fleance
Does Macbeth consult his wife about his plans to murder Banquo? No
What part of Macbeth’s plan is not carried out? murdering Fleance
Whose ghost does Macbeth imagine he sees? Banquo
Who does Macbeth publicly blame for Duncan’s murder? Malcolm and Donalbain
Why does Macbeth want Banquo dead? Banquo knows about the prophecy and suspects Macbeth of foul play
What emotions does the ghost arouse in Macbeth? fear and guilt
How does Lady Macbeth explain her husband’s strange behavior to their guests? she blames it on a childhood illness
when Act III opens, what is Banquo thinking about? Duncan’s death– he suspects foul play
Macbeth says that he fears no one but Banquo. Why does Macbeth fear Banquo? he might tell about the prophesy. his sons might take Macbeth’s throne.

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