Macbeth Vocab set 1

antidote something that relieves the effects of poison
augment to make greater or to supplement
augury an omen or prophecy
avarice greed for wealth
balm a soothing substance or one that gives relief
bane, baneful a source of harm or destruction
beguile to deceive or mislead
bestow to grant or to give
blanch to take the color out of
blasphemous profane
buffeted struck repeatedly
censure to blame or to condemn
champion to defend or to support
cherubic innocent, wholesome
chide to scold
clamor loud noise or shouting
cloister to seclude or to confine
combustible capable of burning
confound to cause one to become confused
corporeal relating to a physical material body
credulous believing on slight evidence, gullible
daunt to intimidate, to dismay
deft skillful, adroit
desolate deserted, without inhabitants, barren
diminution diminishment, reduction
disdain intense dislike; to treat with scorn or contempt, to reject as unworthy
dispatch to send away with speed or promptness
ecstasy extreme happiness
entreaty a plea, an earnest request
epicure a person who understands a lot about food and drink
equivocate to attempt to lie, mislead
esteem estimate of value
approbation expression of approval; praise
assuage to make easier; relieve
coalition a combination or union
decadence decline or decay; excessive self indulgence
elicit to draw forth, bring out from someone
expostulate to attempt to dissuade someone from a decision
hackneyed used so often it lacks freshness or originality
hiatus a gap or opening; pause
innuendo a hint or an indirect suggestion
intercede to plead on behalf of someone else
jaded wearied or worn out
lurid causing shock horror or revulsion
meritorious worthy, or deserving of recognition or praise
petulant easily irritated and upset
prerogative a special right or privilege
provincial narrow minded outlook, narrow point of view
simulate to make a pretense of, or imitate
transcend to rise above or beyond
umbrage shade cast by trees or foliage, or an overshadowing influence of power
unctuous excessively smooth, trying to hard
ameliorate to improve or make better
aplomb poise, assurance, great self confidence
bombastic overblown in language
callow without experience, immature
drivel foolish aimless talk or nonsense
epitome a summary or a condensed account
exhort to urge strongly, advise
ex officio holding an office
infringe to violate or trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
ingratiate to gain acceptance by others
interloper one who goes where he or she is not wanted
intrinsic belonging to someone or something, essential
inveigh to make a violent attack in words, strong disapproval
lassitude weariness of body or mind
millennium a period of a thousand years
occult mysterious, supernatural
permeate to spread through, penetrate
precipitate to fall as moisture, to bring about suddenly
stringent strict, severe
surmise to think or believe with evidence, guess, conjecture
abominate to have an intense dislike for
acculturation the modification of social patterns or traits
adventitious resulting from chance, accidental
ascribe to assign or refer to
circuitous roundabout, not direct
commiserate to sympathize with
enjoin to direct or order
expedite to make easy, cause to progress faster
expiate to make amends
ferment a state of great excitement
inadvertent resulting from lack of attention
nominal existing in name only, not real
noncommittal not decisive or definite
peculate to steal something that has been given in to ones trust
proclivity a natural tendency
sangfroid composure, coolness
seditious resistant to authority
tenuous thin or slender
vitriolic bitter sarcastic
wheedle to use coaxing or flattery to get what you want
abstract refers to words or phrases that describe things not knowable to the 5 senses
allegory characters used to convey a message or teach a lesson
allusion a reference to a familiar person or event
analogy a comparison of two things
antagonist the major character in a story who works against the protagonist
anthropomorphism the presentation of animals with human shape or characteristics
antihero a central character who lacks traditional heroic qualities
apprenticeship novel a story of the maturation of a young character
archetype a model from which all other things of the same kind are made
avant-garde new writing that rejects traditional approaches
black humor writing that places grotesque elements side by side with humorous ones
burlesque literary work that uses exaggeration to make its subject appear ridiculous
character a person in a literary work
climax the turning point in a narrative
colloquialism a word or phrase that is acceptable in casual conversation
concrete opposite of abstract
connotation the impression a word gives beyond its actual meaning
convention any widely accepted literary form
denotation the definition of a word
denouement the resolution of conflict, follows the climax
description writing intended to allow the reader to picture the scene or setting
dialogue speaking between two characters
diction arrangement of words in a literary work
didactic works of literature that aim to teach a moral
doppelganger literary technique by which a character is duplicated
double entendre a word with two meanings
dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows something the characters do not
dystopia an imaginary place that is disturbing and fearful
empathy a sense of a shared experience, or emotional feelings
epigram used to preface a novel
epilogue a concluding statement in a literary work
epiphany a sudden revelation of truth
epistolary novel a novel in the form of letters
epithet a word or phrase that negatively describes a character
exposition writing intended to explain the nature of an idea or theme
expressionism any mode of writing that distorts reality in any way
fable a narrative intended to teach a moral often using animals or inanimate objects
farce a type of comedy characterized by broad humor
fiction any story that is the product of imagination not fact
figurative language technique in writing in which the author temporarily interrupts the construction of the writing
foil a character in literary work that strongly contrast another and therefore highlight the qualities of another character
folklore traditions and myths preserved in culture
folktale a story originating in oral tradition
foreshadowing a device used to set up an explanation of later developments
form a pattern or construction of a work
genre a category of literary work
gilded age a period in American history during the 1870’s characterized by political corruption
grotesque deformity, freakishness, and disorder
Harlem renaissance 1920’s: considered the first movement of black writers
hero the principal character in literary work, usually exhibits admirable traits
hyperbole deliberate exaggeration for dramatic effect
idiom any constructed language or verbal expression
image a representation of an object of sensory, usually visual
imagery the array of images in literary work
in medias res the technique of beginning the story in the middle
interior monologue a technique in which characters inner thoughts are revealed
irony when the opposite of what is expected happens
the Enlightenment an 18th century philosophical movement

You Might Also Like