Macbeth Test Review

What do you suppose is suggested by the line, “Fair is foul, and foul is fair”? (p.202) (Act 1, Scene 1) things are not as they seem; appearance vs. reality(means good is bad, bad is good)
When Macbeth says, “So foul and fair a day I have not seen,” to what is he referring? What could be the dramatic irony in this line? (p.205) (Act 1, Scene 3) – appearance vs. reality- it’s a day of victory yet the weather is really bad- dramatic irony: the day is gonna get even worse with the witches involved or Macbeth is given the new title as the Thane of Cawdor (he doesn’t know it yet, but the audience does)
What prophecies do the Witches make regarding Macbeth? How does he react? (p.206) (Act 1, Scene 3) He’s gonna be the Thane of Cawdor and he is gonna be king; he was spooked
What do the Witches see in the future for Banquo? (pg. 206) (Act 1, Scene 3) He won’t be king but his kids will be king.
How does Banquo’s comment support the “Fair is foul, foul is fair” theme? (p.208) (Act 1, Scene 3) The witches news is good (fair) but Banquo is cautious because the witches are bad (foul).
What news does the King impart to Macbeth and what is Macbeth’s reaction to the news? (Act 1, Scene 4) King announces Malcolm (his son) as the heir to the throne, so then Macbeth gets angry cause he thought he was supposed to be king cause of the witches’ prophecies.
Why was the old Thane of Cawdor executed? (Act 1, Scene 4) because of treason (traitor)
In his last speech in this scene, what does Macbeth reveal? (pg. 210) (Act 1, Scene 4) He wants to kill the Prince of Cumberland b/c he views him as being an obstacle to becoming a king.
After Lady Macbeth finishes reading the letter, what fear about her husband does she express? (pg. 211) (Act 1, Scene 5) Macbeth is too kind.
Why does Lady Macbeth pray to be unsexed? she prays to be unfeminine (tough), so she will be able to kill the king
In what way does Lady Macbeth’s advice to Macbeth relate to the “fair is foul” theme? (pg. 214) (Act 1, Scene 5) She tells him to look innocent but to be a serpent (act good, but heart is evil). (fair is foul = what may look good is really bad)
In his soliloquy after Banquo leaves, what does Macbeth tell us he sees? What could account for this apparition? (pg. 221) (Act 2, Scene 1) A used dagger with blood on it; Macbeth thinking about the murder a lot may have caused him to hallucinate.
Macbeth, apparently troubled by the murder he has just commited, tells Lady Macbeth what he saw and heard. She tells him, “These deeds must not be thought.” Why? (pg. 222) (Act 2, Scene 2) She says not to think about it or else he will go crazy b/c of the guilt.
Macbeth’s response is frequently quoted. What is the sense of this response? (pg. 222) (Act 2, Scene 2) Sleep is a gift from nature, but Macbeth took advantage of nature’s gift and killed Duncan in his sleep. And now Macbeth suffers from insomnia.
How is the theme of a “crime against nature” reinforced in this scene? (pg. 224) (Act 2, Scene 3) There was the occurrence of strong winds, pitch black darkness, and earthquakes. This shows nature is upset over the death of a king.
What additional natural, or “unnatural,” events further the “crime against nature” theme? (pg. 228) (Act 2, Scene 4) Duncan’s horses eat each other. When it is day time, it looks like night. An owl kills a hawk.
Why does Ross say, “Gainst nature still”? (pg. 229) (Act 2, Scene 4) (Ross finds out Malcolm & Donalbain flee, which makes him think that they did it) It is unnatural for sons to kill their father (even though they didn’t)
Why had Macbeth gone to Scone? (pg. 229) (Act 2, Scene 4) To be crowned king
How did this honor (coronation) happen to fall to Macbeth? (pg. 229) (Act 2, Scene 4) Since Malcolm & Donalbain (King Duncan”s sons) are gone, Macbeth is the closest relative to be crowned king.
In his soliloquy, what suspicion and hope does Banquo reveal? (pg. 231) (Act 3, Scene 1) Banquo is suspicious that Malcolm did something bad to get the crown/kingship. Banquo hopes that his own prophecy for his legacy becomes true.
What is there in Banquo’s character that makes Macbeth uneasy? (pg. 232) (Act 3, Scene 1) Banquo is just and would lead a revolution against Macbeth in case he finds out about the murder.
What is there in the situation with Banquo that particularly upsets Macbeth? (pg. 232-233) (Act 3, Scene 1) That Banquo’s sons have the possiblity of becoming kings.
What is the meaning of Macbeth’s opening speech in this scene? (pg. 236) (Acts 3, Scene 2) Even though Duncan is dead, the throne is still not secure b/c people might learn of the murder and the king’s sons are still out there, so Macbeth still has to finish his plan of securing the throne.
What happens at the ambush (pg. 238) (Act 3, Scene 3) Banquo dies and Fleance flees
Upon returning to the banquet table, what does Macbeth see and how does he respond? How do the others respond? (pg. 240) (Act 3, Scene 4) Macbeth sees Banquo’s ghost, which makes him go crazy. The others are confused b/c they can’t see Banquo’s ghost.
How does Macbeth behave during dinner, and what is the final result? (pg. 241, 243) (Act 3, Scene 4) He behaves crazily, which in turn makes the dinner ruined.
Who is Hecate, and why is she angry? (pg. 244) (Act 3, Scene 5) She is the mistress (master) of the witches. She’s angry b/c witches didn’t invite her to mess around with Macbeth.
What is her (Hecate’s) plan for Macbeth? (pg. 245) (Act 3, Scene 5) She will give him visions that confuse Macbeth, which makes him overconfident & stop listening to wisdom, grace, and fear.
Where had Macduff gone? Why? (pg. 246) (Act 3, Scene 6) Macduff’s gone to England to ask Malcolm to come back and reclaim his throne.
What is the first apparition, and of what does it warn Macbeth? (pg. 249) (Act 4, Scene 1) first apparition: armed headwarning: Beware the Thane of Fife (Macduff)
What is the second apparition, and what is its comment? (pg. 249) (Act 4, Scene 1) second apparition: bloody childcomment: nobody born of a woman can hurt you (basically all of mankind)
What is the third apparition, and what is its message (pg. 250) (Act 4, Scene 1) third apparition: child crowned, with a tree in his handmessage: Macbeth is safe/undefeated until the Birnan wood (forest) comes to his house (Dunsinane hill).
What is Macbeth’s response (to Macduff being in England)? (pg. 252) (Act 4, Scene 1) Kill all of Macduff’s family.
What is his (Macbeth’s) resolve at the end of this scene? How is this different from his previous actions? (pg. 252) (Act 4, Scene 1) Macbeth commits to the actions of the first thought that runs through his head before thinking it through. ; Before Macbeth needed a reason to kill someone but now he doesn’t.
Why does Lady Macduff think Macduff’s flight was “madness”? (pg. 253) (Act 4, Scene 2) Macduff’s leaving was crazy b/c he left no protection for his family (coward).
How do Malcolm’s comments about Macbeth again bring to the mind the “fair is foul” theme? (pg. 256) (Act 4, Scene 3) comment: Macbeth is a bad ruler, but Malcolm is a worse ruler b/c he’s real evil.theme: Macbeth appears bad, but is as bad as Malcolm?
What is Malcolm’s next admission? (pg. 258) (Act 4, Scene 3) admission: JK. I’m not that bad. I was just testing your loyalty. And I’m gathering an army to fight Macbeth.
How is Macduff’s grief conveyed? What makes this horrible act so difficult for him? (pg. 262) (Act 4, Scene 3) Macduff’s grief is conveyed by his repetition of questions about his family. ; MacDuff can’t even kill Macbeth’s kids b/c he doesn’t have any.
What is Macduff’s response when Malcolm says, “Dispute it like a man”? (pg. 262) (Act 4, Scene 3) I will give respect my grief. (It’s ok to be sad/cry and be a man)
What is Macduff’s resolve? (pg. 262) (Act 4, Scene 3) Macduff vows to fight Macbeth.
Describe what the doctor observes (of Lady Macbeth). (pg. 263, 264) (Act 5, Scene 1) Lady Macbeth talking to Macbeth and washing her bloody hand (but the blood won’t come off). Basically, Lady Macbeth is sleepwalking. (guilty/bloody hands = Pilot)
Why does the doctor conclude that she needs more help than a physician can give her? (pg. 266) (Act 5, Scene 1) her disease is guilt (her heart is overwhelmed)he can’t help her cause it’s a inner problem not a physical one
What do they (Lennox, Angus, Menteith, and Caithness) say about the men that Macbeth commands? (pg. 267) (Act 5, Scene 2) the men don’t love Macbeth, they just follow him cause it’s their job
What is Lady Macbeth’s condition, and how does Macbeth believe it could be cured? (pg. 269) (Act 5, Scene 3) guilt; can be cured by a medicine that will make her forget
What tactical strategy does Malcolm take? (pg. 270) (Act 5, Scene 4) camouflage in the forest —> forest moving to Macbeth’s house
What does Macbeth recognize (messenger brings news of wood moving) and how does it fit with the “fair is foul theme”? (pg. 272) (Act 5, Scene 5) Macbeth recognizes the vision saying that he can’t be defeated until the Birnam Wood comes to his home ; What you think is not the same as reality. Your belief is not the truth.
As bad as things look for Macbeth, why does he still scorn all his opponents? (pg. 273) (Act 5, Scene 7) He still believes the witches words (visions). The visions made him overconfident like Hecate said it would.
What information does Macduff tell Macbeth that makes Macbeth frightened (“Cow’d my better part”)? (pg. 275) (Act 5, Scene 8) Macduff was born by C-section. (Vision = Macbeth can’t be defeated by a person born of a woman, but Macduff kinda wasn’t)
What is Macbeth’s response (to learning Macduff could defeat him)? (pg. 275) (Act 5, Scene 8) He doesn’t want to fight at first, but his pride gets the better of hime b/c he doesn’t want to bow down to Malcolm.
Who are the sons of King Duncan? Malcolm & Donalbain
Where does Malcolm run away to when King Duncan dies? England
Where does Donalbain run away to when King Duncan dies? Ireland
Who sits in Macbeth’s chair during Macbeth’s dinner party? Banquo
Who was given prophecies by the weird sisters? (2) Banquo & Macbeth
Who was murdered in his sleep? King Duncan
Who was murdered while traveling? Banquo
Who sees a dagger coming towards him? Macbeth
Who flees Macbeth’s home after the king is found dead? (2) Malcolm & Donalbain
Who cannot sleep after Duncan dies? Macbeth
Who is made Thane of Cawdor by the king? Macbeth
Who travels to persuade Malcolm to come back and fight? Macduff
Who cannot wash blood from their hands? Lady Macbeth
“Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep” Crimes against Nature
“look like th’ innocent flower But be serpent under’t” Appearance vs. Reality
“Fair is foul, and foul is fair” Appearance vs. Reality
“By th’ clock ’tis day, And yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp.” Crimes against Nature
“So foul and fair a day I have not seen” Appearance vs. Reality
What kind of view did people have of playwrights during Shakespeare’s time? a poor view/ didn’t respect them
T/F The text is the main focus of Shakespeare’s plays. False
Who used Biblical allusions in his work and may have supported a Biblical view of life, but no assumption can be made on his Christianity? Shakespeare
T/F Shakespeare was a Christian. False, he wrote a lot of Biblical allusions, but we don’t know for sure.
Why did Shakespeare seem unconcerned with the preservation of his plays? (5) 1. poor view of playwrights2. pressures/demands of his job3. wrote parts for current theater members4. need for variations of performance (toured England)5. Written to be heard & seen by audience instead of read (text not focus of play)

You Might Also Like