macbeth test

What is the cause of Macbeth losing his grip on reality at the banquet in Act III? his guilty conscience
What is the purpose of Act III in the play Macbeth? it exposes Macbeth’s mounting troubles
By the end of Macbeth, how has Macbeth changed since the play began? he will use whatever he deems necessary to suit his needs
What is the major purpose of Act IV in Macbeth? To show Macbeth’s spiraling out of control
What happens at Fife because Macduff leaves his castle and flees Scotland? Macduff’s family is unprotected when Macbeth’s men arrive and they kill Macduff’s family
Who is in conflict at the end of Act IV? Macbeth and Macduff
What is the most likely message in Act V’s sleepwalking scene with Lady Macbeth? a guilty conscience can’t be fixed that easily
What is the meaning of Lady Macbeth’s words, “All the perfume in Arabia cannot sweeten this little hand?” there is absolutely not way to stop her guilt
In Act V, What does Macbeth’s behavior to his servants show of his character? he has grown brutal
When does Macbeth first realize that the witches tricked him with their prophesies? when he learns Birnam Wood is moving toward the castle
Why does Macbeth act irrationally at the banquet? he thinks he sees Banquo’s ghost
What does Lady Macbeth do to explain Macbeth’s fit at the banquet? she says that he has had fits since he was a kid and they should just ignore him
What two people are missing from the banquet? Banquo because he is dead and Macduff because he refused to come because he doesn’t trust Macbeth
When Macbeth tells his wife, “Blood will have blood”, what does he mean by this? Macbeth is saying he will die a violent death in the end because of what he has done
In Act IV, who is the witch referring to when she says, “By the pricking of my thumb, something wicked this way comes.”? she is referring to Macbeth because he is evil
In Act IV, What 4 things do the witches tell Macbeth? fear Macduff, no man born of woman can hurt him, he won’t lose until Birnam Wood advances on his castle, Banquo’s sons will still be kings
Why does Macbeth have Macduff’s family and servants killed? Macduff made him mad so he wants him to pay
What does Macbeth want the doctor to do for his wife when she continues to sleepwalk? he wants the doctor to give her a drug to clear her mind but the doctor said that only Lady Macbeth can take care of that
What does Macbeth mean when he said to Macduff “Get Back! There’s too much blood of yours on my soul already?” Macbeth is responsible for setting up Macduff’s family murder
Why does Macbeth order Banquo to be murdered He fears that Banquo is smart enough to fulfill the witches prophecy
Macbeth persuades the murders to kill Banquo by …. Convincing theme that BANQUO is their enemy.
Who should the murderers kill? both Banquo and Fleance
What was Lady Macbeth’s role in Banquo’s murder? She had no say in Macbeth’s arrangement of Banquo and Fleance’s murder.
What does the sleepwalking scene reveal? It reveals lady Macbeth as she really is behind the false face, as strong as she was, she is not able to bear the burden of what has happened.
What is the purpose of the sleepwalking scene? It reveals the breakdown of her character, prepares audience for her suicide, and creates pity for her.
What 3 things does she consider during her sleepwalking? Duncan’s murder, the banquet scene, and the Macduff massacre.
Who represents England’s army? Malcolm, Macduff, and Siward.
Who represents Scotland’s army? Menteith, angus, caithness, Lennox, and Ross.
Where do the men join forces at? Birnam wood.
What is the purposes of scene III? Reveals macbeths faith in the apparitions and shows his frequent change in mood.
“I am sick at heart…which the poor heart would fain deny” Speaker: MacbethMeaning: Macbeth loses heartSignificance: creates some sympathy because he is remorseful about his way of life.
What kind of tone does Macbeth demonstrate when he speaks with the doctor while showing impatience with Seyton? Hysterical
What happens during scene IV? Forces have merged at birnam woods, the equivocal meanings of a apparition is revealed and Macbeth takes refuge and waits for the attack. He is forced by the deserters to stay within the castle walls.
“I have almost forgot the taste of fears” Speaker: Macbeth Meaning: Macbeth regrets that he has become so brutal that the cries of women do not move himSignificance: it creates pity for him
“She should have died hereafter” Meaning: he does not have time to mourn the death of his wife.
“Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow creeps in this petty pace from day to day to the last syllable of recorded time” Meaning: the future promises monotonous repetition
“And all our yesterday’s gave lighted fools the way to dusty death” Meaning: the last merely illustrates deaths power
“It is a tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury signifying nothing” Meaning: his life has meant nothing; his actions have all been futile
What is the significance of the soliloquy Macbeth said in front of Seyton? It is macbeths final commentary on life.
” I ‘gin to be aweary of the sun/ and wish the estate of the world were undone” Speaker: MacbethMeaning: Macbeth is tired and ready to end it all Significance: he regrets what has happended
What does scene vi show? That Malcolm is in charge.
What does scene vii reveal? The death of young Siward encourages Macbeth. He clings to the message that he need not fear any man born of a woman. Macbeths men have surrendered the castle.
How does Macduff show the equivocal meaning of an apparition? He was not born of a woman but was born of a c sections.
Why does Macbeth try to avoid Macduff? Because he feels the guilt sorely now.
How does Siward react to his sons death? With pride that his son dies a soldiers death.
How does Malcolm react? He shows compassion.
What does Macduff do after he kills Macbeth? He presents macbeths head to Malcolm and hails him as king
What are Malcolm’s first actions as king of Scotland? He changes thanes to earls to honor the English, he invites the exiles to return, and invites everyone to the coronation.
What do the doctor and the gentlewoman see lady Macbeth doing? What do they decide to do? Sleeptalking/walking about murders, keep an eye on her
What does Macbeth want the doctor to do for his wife? Cure her
What trick does Malcolm use to hide the number of men in his army? Has each one break a branch off the tree for camouflage
What does Malcolm explain about the state of Macbeth’s armies? No one fights for Macbeth unless forced
What is Macbeth’s reaction to the news that Birnam Wood is moving? Disbelief: he threatens to kill the messenger, thinks it is not actually moving. “Arm, arm and out!” He is going to fight to the bitter end
What is Macbeth’s reaction to Lady Macbeth’s death? Very unaffected, “it was time for her to go anyway”
Who first fights Macbeth? What happens? Young Siward, he is killed
Why is it important that Young Siward died with wounds to the front chest? It is honorable, means he did not back down
What excuse does Macbeth give Macduff for not wanting to fight him? He cannot be killed by a man born from a woman
When does Macbeth know he is in trouble? When Macduff admits he was cut out of the womb before his mother gave birth
How does Macbeth die? Beheaded by Macduff
Who will be the new king of Scotland? Malcolm
In The Tragedy of Macbeth, Act V, when the doctor tells the waiting-gentlewoman to take from Lady Macbeth “the means of all annoyance,” it is because he fears that Lady Macbeth might try to kill herself.
In The Tragedy of Macbeth, Act V, Scene iii, what does Macbeth’s behavior toward the servant who comes to deliver a message ultimately show about Macbeth’s character? He has grown brutal.
The trees of Birnham Wood moving toward Dunsinane are ____ of Macbeth’s downfall. harbingers
In The Tragedy of Macbeth, Act V, Scene i, you can tell that the waiting-gentlewoman is loyal to Lady Macbeth.
At what point in The Tragedy of Macbeth, Act V, does Macbeth first begin to realize that he has been tricked by the prophecies? when he learns that Birnam Wood is moving toward the castle
At the end of The Tragedy of Macbeth, how does Macbeth’s courage in battle affect the reader? It brings the reader full circle by once again pointing up an aspect of his noble nature.
The witches dance wildly around their caldron in a ____ frenzy. clamorous
Why does Shakespeare have Macbeth display certain admirable traits at the end of The Tragedy of Macbeth? to reinforce the idea that Macbeth is a victim of his tragic flaw
When the doctor watches Lady Macbeth sleepwalking in Act V of The Tragedy of Macbeth, he is completely baffled.
In scene I, describe Lady Macbeth’s nightly behavior. She is sleepwalking, speaking to Macbeth. She is trying to wash her hands of the murder. “Who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?”
The “damned spot” to which Lady Macbeth refers is to what? She is unable to clean the blood (aka guilt) from her hands.
Why won’t the doctor and the lady-in-waitin speak out about Lady Macbeth’s behavior? What must the doctor be feeling? She is confessing to the murder, they aren’t exactly sure how to respond. The doctor tells the lady in waiting to watch her carefully and remarks that Lady Macbeth needs a priest more than a doctor. He must be feeling quite baffled.
What does Malcolm instruct his soldiers to do in Scene 4, and why? What is the significance of this order? To hide themselves with tree branches so that messengers aren’t able to correctly estimate how many soldiers there are. It is imperative that Birnam Wood approaches Dunsinane in order to fulfill the apparitions prophecy to Macbeth: “Fear not until Birnam Wood do come to Dunsinane!”
With the way that Macbeth reacts to his wife’s death, what does that show about him as a character at this point? He says, “She should have died hereafter.” His capacity to think or care for others has been eliminated and replaced with a whole heart of ruthless ambition.
Why does Macduff declare that he must kill Macbeth? To avenge his wife and son’s deaths.
What does Macduff mean when he says, “[I] was from [my] mother’s womb untimely ripped”? He was a C-Section Baby.
What seems to have been the role of Ross throughout the play? He is a messenger: provides summaries and explanations for things that happened.
How are the prophecies of the three apparitions in Act IV fulfilled in Act V? The first apparition warned Macbeth of Macduff, and Macduff killed him at the end. The second apparition says that no one woman born shall kill Macbeth, and Macduff (born of a C-Section) killed him. The third saying that Macbeth shouldn’t fear until Birnam Wood approaches Dunsinane and the wood (people with brances) approached the castle at the end.
Who is crowned king at the end of the play? Malcolm
What does each of the three apparations say to Macbeth? 1. Beware of Macduff2. Doesn’t need to fear men born of women3. Until burnum wood moves to dunscium
Why do the witches show Macbeth the eight kings? Represents all the kings who descend from Banquo
What does Macbeth order to be done when he hears that Macduff has fled to England? kill the wife and babies of Macduff
How would you describe Macbeth now, as compared to his earlier ambivalence? He was uncertain then and now he is uncertain, bold, bloody, mast certain
What has Ross just told Lady Macduff? Macduff plans
How does Lady Macduff react to this news? Angry, that he left her and their children
In line 61, a messenger enters. What does the messenger tell Lady Macduff to do? Tells her to escape with her children
Who is killed in the scene two? the son of Macduff and most likely the wife as well
Why are the murders even more terrible than those previously commited? A stupid crime no reason especially because Macduff is the threat not his family.
Why is Macduff’s speech in lines 4-6 ironic? Because his wife and kids are dead
Why doesnt Malcolm trust Macduff? He was an old friend with Macbeth
In lines 25-28, what does Malcolm ask Macduff? Malcolm ask Macduff why he left his family with out letting them know
What forces has Malcolm promised? England forces meaning goodly thousands
Summarize Malcom’s confession to Macduff in lines 57-100. He has comited sin like for example being lustful, greedy, and no king virture
Why does Malcolm say these things to Macduff? To ensure he is on Macduff’s side and his loyalty
In lines 114-137, what does Malcolm tell Macduff? That he is not as he was described earlier
In lines 164-173, what news about the condition of Scotland does Ross bring? It is ruin
What personal information does Ross bring to Macduff? That Macduff’s family have been killed
In lines 228-229, what does Malcolm tell Macduff to do? To advenge the death of his family
In scene iv, when Malcolm and his men reach Birnam Wood, what does he instruct the troops to do? He tells them to cut down tree branches and use them as camouflage.
Malcolm’s request to his troops in scene iv (see previous question) show that which of the following prophecies will come true? Macbeth will not lose his position until the forest marches to the castle.
Even when it looks like Macbeth will not win the battle, what does he repeatedly vow to do? fight until the end
What does Macbeth thinks is mostly giving the English an advantage? The fact that most of the Scottish thanes are fighting with England.
After he hears of his wife’s death, Macbeth gives a speech that indicates he thinks life is ______________. meaningless
Who does Macbeth kill in scene vii? Young Siward
Who kills Macduff? Macbeth
Which of the following things does Malcolm plan to do as king? invite those who fled Scotland under Macbeth to come back
Why does Lady Macbeth keep washing her hands? She is subconsciously trying to get rid of the guilt she feels after encouraging Macbeth to kill Duncan.
When the doctor says, “Unnatural deeds/ Do breed unnatural troubles,” what does he mean? He suggests that when someone commits a wrong act, it will come back to haunt the person.
Act V scene i is the first scene in which we see Lady Macbeth’s mental state start to decline. True
Act V scene i is the final scene in which Lady Macbeth is mentioned or seen by other characters. False
What is the main force motivating Malcolm and Macduff in the battle against Scotland, according to Act V scene II? Revenge
What does the following simile imply about Macbeth? Macbeth is not fit to be king.
Which of the following is Malcolm compared to in scene ii, through metaphor? medicinea flower
Macbeth’s reactions to the reports about the oncoming English troops indicate that he feels he is ________________. invincible
When the servant tells Macbeth about the 10,000 English troops approaching, what does the servant’s behavior suggest about the battle? Scotland is outnumbered and will lose.
The doctor believes he cannot cure Lady Macduff. Yes
What does Lady Macduff mean when she says, “I am in this earthly world, where to do harm/ Is often laudable, to do good sometime/ Accounted dangerous folly”? In this backwards world, it doesn’t pay to do good things. People who do bad are often the ones celebrated.
What makes Malcolm suspicious of Macduff in scene iii? He thinks Macduff might be working for Macbeth.He notes that Macduff is still alive, so he might be a friend of Macbeth.
How does Malcolm describe Scotland? It is more like a grave than a place to live.
When trying to test Macduff, what kind of king does Malcolm say he will be, compared to Macbeth? He will be a much worse king than Macbeth.
How does Macduff react when Malcolm asks him whether he should be king even though he has no redeeming qualities? He says Malcolm should never be king and shouldn’t even be allowed to live.
Macduff’s reaction (see the previous question) to Malcolm in scene iii is what indicates to Malcolm that Macduff is trustworthy. True
What news does Ross bring Macduff at the end of scene iii? He says Macduff’s family and servants have been murdered.
When he finds out the news from Ross (see previous question), whom does Macduff blame most for what happened? Himself (Macduff)
What does Macduff resolve to do at the end of Act IV scene iii? He will use his grief to help England win the battle, and he will kill Macbeth himself.
Why does the gentlewoman call the doctor in Act V scene i? Lady Macbeth is sleepwalking and doing other strange things in her sleep.
What is the significance of the line “Double, double, toil and trouble” in Act IV scene i? It implies that Macbeth’s troubles will multiply after he meets with the witches.
In Act IV scene i, how is Hecate’s reaction to the witches’ potion different from her earlier reaction to the witches telling Macbeth the original prophecies? Earlier she was upset with the witches but now she congratulates them.
What does the first apparition tell Macbeth? To beware Macduff.
In the third apparition, who does the child with the tree symbolize? Malcolm
The three apparitions together make Macbeth feel more _________________. confident
After he receives the three prophecies from the apparitions, Macbeth sees a vision that involves Banquo and a line of other people with crowns. The last person holds a mirror that reflects another line of people. What do these images represent? They show that Banquo will have a very long line of descendants who will be kings.
What does Lennox tell Macbeth at the end of Act IV scene i that makes him angry and leads him to order the murders of Lady Macduff and her children? Macduff has gone to England to help Malcolm win the crown from Macbeth.
According to Lady Macduff in scene ii, in what manner did Macduff leave the castle? He was in a rush.
What does Ross try to do to help ease Lady Macduff’s anxiety about her husband? He hints that Macduff is not a traitor and is on the right side of the conflict.
How does Lady Macduff define a traitor? She says a traitor is someone who takes an oath and breaks it.
Why does Macbeth ask Banquo so many apparently casual questions about where he is riding? To guage his actions and find out his plans, as well as those of Fleance, to set the murder plot in action.
How does Macbeth persuade the murderers to help him? Convinces them that Bamquo will be the cause of all their misery.
Why should Macbeth be worried about Banquo? One of Banquo’s heirs was prophesized to become king.
How does Banquo feel about the witches’ prophesies? He’s very suspicious and thinks they will lead to no good Scotalnd.
What is Banquo feeling toeards Macbeth? suspicion
How has Macbeth been feeling since Duncan’s death? guilty and fearful
Why does Macbeth not want Lady Macbeth to know about his plan to kill Banquo and Fleance? He wants to be in charge now.
How does Lady Macbeth react when Macbeth has a vision during the banquet? with scorn towards Macbeth
Who has been acting as a foil to Macbeth by the end of scene 3? Lady Macbeth
Why is Macbeth fearful and resentful of Banquo? because of the the witches’ prophesies that his children will become king
What good quality of Banquo does Macbeth fear? Banquo’s “wise courage”
Why do the murderers agree to kill Banquo? their miserable lives have made them violent men
Macbeth advises Lady Macbeth to be especially nice to _____. Banquo
Whom did the murderers kill? Only Banquo — Fleance escaped
How did Macbeth react to his visions during the banquet? became upset and agitated
Whom is Macbeth preparing to fight? Malcolm and Macduff
Who else might benefit from Macbeth killing Duncan? Banquo would because Macbeth does not have children
Why does Macbeth want Banquo and Fleance dead? Because the witches fortune could come true for Banquo (his sons to become kings) and Macbeth doesn’t want them to have power because it is a threat to Macbeth’s power (he doesn’t want rivals.)
What is Macbeth’s plan for killing Banquo and Fleance? Does it work? He hires two murderers to ambush them on the way back home from the journey.
Macbeth says “The worm that’s fled/ Hath nature that in time will venom breed, / No teeth for the present.” What does he mean? Fleance has escaped, but will be trouble later if he becomes King.
Who or What does Macbeth see at the banquet table? A ghost of Banquo, the man he had killed.
How does Lady Macbeth cover for Macbeth at the banquet? What excuses does she give for Macbeth’s wild talk? She said that he has had an illness for a long time which makes him hallucinate– and it gets worse when he’s tired; and she asks everyone to stay seated, because she explains he is often like this.
Who else is missing from the banquet, besides Banquo? Macduff
Macbeth says, ” I am in blood/ Stepped in so far that should I wade no more, / Returning were as tedious as go o’er.” What does he mean? Keep going with what he planned because going back would be just as hard as going on.
What does Hecate want the witches to do? Make a spell… to keep drawing Macbeth on till they destroy him completely.
What does Lennox think about Macbeth, Fleance, and Duncan’s sons? Macbeth: He is a tyrant, who is ruining the country, Fleance: If he were in Macbeth’s prison he would be dead by now, Duncan’s sons: They are safe where they are; and if they were in Macbeth’s prison they would be dead by now.
“Angels are bright, though the brightest fell.” Malcolm to Macduff
“Bleed, bleed…” Macduff to Malcolm
“Alas, poor country!…Dying or ere they sicken.” Ross to Malcolm & Macduff
“Out, damned spot!…him?”; “The thane of Fife… with this starting” Lady Macbeth to Herself Sleepwalking (aside)
“My way of life…and dare not” Macbeth (aside)
…and I fear thou play’dst most folly for it. (Banquo soliloquy) Banquo admits he has suspicious Macbeth was the murderer of Duncan.
To be thus is nothing, but to be safely thus. Our fears in Banquo stick deep. (Macbeth soliloquy) To be king is nothing, but to be securely stationed in a position of power is much better. Macbeth thinks Banquo will turn him in.
It is concluded. Banquo, thy soul’s flight, if it find heaven, must find it out tonight. (Macbeth soliloquy) Macbeth has successfully arranged Banquo’s death.
Naught’s had, all’s spent, where our desire is got without content. (Lady Macbeth soliloquy) They have their goal but not the happiness they expected to come with it.
Things without all remedy should be without regard; what’s done is done. (Lady Macbeth to Macbeth) She wants him to be happy and move on because there is no way to change what has happened.
We’ve scorched the snake, not killed it. (Macbeth to Lady Macbeth) They cannot stop their violence because the need for power will never end.
Duncan is in his grave. After life’s fitful fever he sleeps well. (Macbeth to Lady Macbeth) Macbeth thinks maybe death is better than being in a position where power and life are always being threatened and you can trust no one.
Things bad begun make themselves strong by ill. (Macbeth to Lady Macbeth) The only way to make this right is by continuing to attack.
Oh treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly! Fly fly! (Banquo to Fleance) Banquo died and Fleance lived; Banquo knows Macbeth sent the murderers
The worm that’s fled hath nature that in time will venom breed, no teeth for the present. (Macbeth to murderer) He knows Fleance is a threat to the throne.
Thou canst not say that I did it; never shake thy gory locks at me. (Macbeth to Ghost of Banquo) Macbeth claims that his use of the murderers makes him not guilty. He tells the ghost to leave.
Do not muse at me, my most worthy friends, I have a strange infirmity which is nothing to those that know me. (Macbeth to lords) Macbeth adopts Lady Macbeth’s idea that the reason for his strange outbursts is a disease.
I am in blood stepped so far that, should I wade no more, returning were so tedious as go o’er. (Macbeth to Lady Macbeth) He is in too deep. Just as much effort is required to fight than to surrender.
You lack the season of all natures, sleep. (Lady Macbeth to Macbeth) She tells him to reconsider his violent approach.
We are but young indeed. (Macbeth to Lady Macbeth) Macbeth agrees with Lady MacBeth and thinks that he needs to calm down.
Some holy angel fly to the court of England and unfold his message ere he come. (Lennox to lord) Macduff has gone to England to get troops for overthrowing Macbeth.

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