Macbeth Test

If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me, Without my stir. Act 1 Scene 3 Macbeth: -After the witches tell Macbeth the prophecy that he shall one day become king.-Macbeth wishes to become king and believes that as long as nothing is in his way then he shall willingly become king without interference. -This passage shows the corruption of ambition. Macbeth will only not stir if he is easily handed the position of king. -Scene sets up the plot. Once Macbeth isn’t made heir to the crown his ambition leads him to murder.
But I have spoke With one that saw him die: who did report That very frankly he confess’d his treasons, Implored your highness’ pardon and set forth A deep repentance: nothing in his life Became him like the leaving it; he died As one that had been studied in his death To throw away the dearest thing he owed, As ’twere a careless trifle. Act 1, Scene 4 Malcolm:-The Thane of Cawdor has just been executed for treason. He confessed his treasons before his execution. -The Thane of Cawdor dies an honest man even though he is a man who lied to his country. – Appearances are deceiving. – The thane appears to be a traitor but dies honestly -The fact that one of his trusted thanes betrayed him is telling of King Duncan’s trusting ways. It also shows that he killed him even after he repented. This could be the witches going against the natural order to get Macbeth to King.
Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be What thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature; It is too full o’ the milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great; Art not without ambition, but without The illness should attend it Act 1, Scene 5 Lady Macbeth:Lady Macbeth says this after she reads the letter from Macbeth telling her about the witches’ prophecy.-She is saying that Macbeth deserves all that he has been promised, but fears that his good nature will prevent him from fulfilling the prophecy-This develops the idea of Lady Macbeth controlling Macbeth to raise their status and take the throne. -It foreshadows Macbeth’s transformation from his hesitant state to the eventual paranoid murderer and reveals how Lady Macbeth will be the controlling force behind his actions at the start.
Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood; Stop up the access and passage to remorse, That no compunctious visitings of nature Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between The effect and it! Come to my woman’s breasts, And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers, Wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature’s mischief! Act 1 Scene 5 Lady MacbethAfter she learns about Macbeth having the possibility of becoming king in the letter he wrote-She calls on spirits to “unsex” her so that she doesn’t feel emotions towards the impending murder… more like a man -She fails in this and she lets her feelings control her… she won’t kill Duncan because he looks like her father (theme of darkness) (theme of masculinity matched with cruelty)-Contributes to the image of Lady Macbeth as a dark, strong, and cruel character. Sets her up to do the deeds she must.
O, never Shall sun that morrow see! Your face, my thane, is as a book where men May read strange matters. To beguile the time, Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, Your hand, your tongue: look like the innocent flower, But be the serpent under’t. Act 1, Scene 5 Lady Macbeth:-Talking to Macbeth after she had started her plan the murder-She is explaining that Macbeth has no poker face and that he is to innocent to perform the deed, this is a play on his manhood to motivate him-Lady Macbeth compares Macbeth to a innocent flower but she wants to tap into the vengeful motivated (compares to a snake hiding under the flower)-Lady Macbeth questioning Macbeth’s manhood to motivate him to do something happens other time throughout the play. Her motivating him to kill Duncan leads to both of their downfall
He’s here in double trust; First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, Strong both against the deed; then, as his host, Who should against his murderer shut the door, Not bear the knife myself. Besides, this Duncan Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been So clear in his great office, that his virtues Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against The deep damnation of his taking-off; And pity, like a naked new-born babe, Striding the blast, or heaven’s cherubim, horsed Upon the sightless couriers of the air, Shall blow the horrid deed in every eye, That tears shall drown the wind. I have no spur To prick the sides of my intent, but only Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself And falls on the other. Act 1, Scene 7 Macbeth:-Soliloquy to himself, before he plans for the murder-To murder or not to murder, Puts himself at risk, Doubts whether or not he can kill Duncan because of his family relationship to him, Duncan has ruled well and wisely and therefore makes it more difficult to kill him.-“That his virtues will plead like angels” -Duncan’s virtues are being compared to angels which shows Duncan’s innocence/purity and not his need to die-Shows his resistance to carrying out the murder; Lady Macbeth really needs to convince him/challenge his manhood for him to fully be convinced
What beast was’t, then, That made you break this enterprise to me? When you durst do it, then you were a man; And, to be more than what you were, you would Be so much more the man. Act 1, Scene 7 Lady Macbeth:-Macbeth is deliberating whether he should kill Duncan or not, Lady Macbeth comes to convince him to go through with killing the king-Lady Macbeth questions Macbeth’s masculinity in a ploy to get him to commit the murder. -Theme: masculinity and cruelness, In this case LMB holds MB’s masculinity against him to make him cruel -This scene shows LMB’s power over MB. Also is MB’s tipping point in his decision to murder Duncan.
Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? or art thou but A dagger of the mind, a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain? Act 2, Scene 1 Macbeth:- Macbeth and Banquo speak up late at night and Macbeth hints at something terrible to happen. Banquo leaves to go to bed and Macbeth imagines a dagger in front of him. -Macbeth’s strong imagination leads him to see a dagger in the air before him. He contributes this image to his unease over killing Duncan. -Power of imagination (specifically Macbeth’s imagination)-There are other instances in the play where MB’s imagination runs wild or at least appears to.
Methought I heard a voice cry ‘Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep’, the innocent sleep, Sleep that knits up the ravell’d sleeve of care, The death of each day’s life, sore labour’s bath, Balm of hurt minds, great nature’s second course, Chief nourisher in life’s feast,– Act 2, Scene 2 Macbeth:-After Macbeth has murdered Duncan. In the hall with LMB as they talk about the murder. -Macbeth has “killed” his chance at sleep. He will no longer be able to sleep with the murder in his mind. He also killed Duncan who was sleeping -Sleeplessness – Macbeth “murders” his chances of ever sleeping again. -This scene shows the immediate remorse of Macbeth even though he will be getting what he wanted. This remorse foreshadows the unraveling of Macbeth as the play continues.
What hands are here? ha! they pluck out mine eyes. Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather The multitudinous seas in incarnadine, Making the green one red. Act 2, Scene 2 Macbeth:-Macbeth talking to Lady Macbeth after he has killed Duncan-Macbeth now covered in Duncan’s blood tells Lady Macbeth that if he was to try and wash off the blood from his hands it would never come off. He will forever be stained with this action. That all the water in the ocean could not wash off the blood… and if he was to wash it off then his guilt should be shown because the whole sea will turn red.-When Lady Macbeth is losing her mind towards the end of the play she is saying how she can’t wash off the blood from her heads, she can’t wash off the guilt and the sinful action- This crime will prey on his mind and have future ramifictaions
My hands are of your colour; but I shame To wear a heart so white. [​Knocking within] I hear a knocking At the south entry: retire we to our chamber; A little water clears us of this deed: How easy is it, then! Act 2, Scene 2 Lady Macbeth:-This is said after Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth his concerns about killing Duncan and that the sea won’t wash away their actions-She is saying that she is just as guilty as macbeth is, her hands are also red, but he would be ashamed if her heart was as weak as his was. That a little water could easily wash away the deed.-Manhood- Again questioning his manhood to motivate him to pull himself together-Its ironic because in the end of the play it is lady Macbeth that become insane and guilt ridden, and Macbeth, in a very general way, keeps it together.
Here’s a knocking indeed! If a man were porter of hell-gate, he should have old turning the key. [​Knocking within] Knock, knock, knock! Who’s there, i’ the name of Beelzebub? Here’s a farmer, that hanged himself on the expectation of plenty: come in time; have napkins enow about you; here you’ll sweat for’t. ​[Knocking within] Knock, knock! Who’s there, in the other devil’s name? Faith, here’s an equivocator, that could swear in both the scales against either scale; who committed treason enough for God’s sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven: O, come in, equivocator. Act 2, Scene 3 Porter:-Said after Lady Macbeth and Macbeth kill Duncan and the guards-He is talking and pretending to the the gatekeeper to hell, what he would say to the people and what they would say and what they did to get into hell-This is used to add some comedy to the intense scene but it also shows the punishment that awaits Macbeth and Lady Macbeth – Inverness does become a sort of hell as this is where the bloodbath begins
Who can be wise, amazed, temperate and furious, Loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man: The expedition my violent love Outrun the pauser, reason. Here lay Duncan, His silver skin laced with his golden blood; And his gash’d stabs look’d like a breach in nature For ruin’s wasteful entrance: there, the murderers, Steep’d in the colours of their trade, their daggers Unmannerly breech’d with gore: who could refrain, That had a heart to love, and in that heart Courage to make ‘s love known? Act 2, Scene 3 Macbeth:-Macbeth is justifying his actions of claiming to have only killed the guards-Macbeth is explaining that his emotions took control when he walked in a saw Duncan laying in his bed murdered and then saw the guards sitting there with blood all over them. –That his love for Duncan took over and had to kill the guards at the moment. -Plays onto the theme of people are what they seemThis makes many people suspicious of what Macbeth is up to
Ah, good father, Thou seest, the heavens, as troubled with man’s act, Threaten his bloody stage: by the clock, ’tis day, And yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp: Is’t night’s predominance, or the day’s shame, That darkness does the face of earth entomb, When living light should kiss it? Act 2, Scene 4 Ross:-Ross is talking to the old man about the changes in the air-The skies are changing, they are turning greatly from light to dark; “Dark night is strangling the sun”-Personification: Darkness consumes the earth (due to corruption)-This passage shows the transition from overpowering purity to overpowering corruption in a symbolic and visual meaning
Thou hast it now: king, Cawdor, Glamis, all, As the weird women promised, and, I fear, Thou play’dst most foully for’t: yet it was said It should not stand in thy posterity, But that myself should be the root and father Of many kings. If there come truth from them– As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine– Why, by the verities on thee made good, May they not be my oracles as well, And set me up in hope? But hush! no more. Act 3, Scene 1 Banquo:-This is a soliloquy by Banquo after king duncan has been murdered-Banquo is discussing that if the three witches were right about Macbeth becoming king then they could also be right about Banquo’s children becoming the heirs of the throne. Banquo also discusses the idea that Macbeth very likely cheated his ways to this title-This is very important to the rest of the play, the fear of banquo’s children coming and taking the throne is one that haunts Macbeth throughout the entire play.-This speech reveals the rift between Banquo and Macbeth because Banquo knows that Macbeth had to do foul things to get to his position and he says that he had just as much to gain as Macbeth but he chose not to act. It also reestablishes their future conflict.
To be thus is nothing; But to be safely thus.–Our fears in Banquo Stick deep; and in his royalty of nature Reigns that which would be fear’d: ’tis much he dares; And, to that dauntless temper of his mind, He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour To act in safety. There is none but he Whose being I do fear: and, under him, My Genius is rebuked; as, it is said, Mark Antony’s was by Caesar. He chid the sisters When first they put the name of king upon me, And bade them speak to him: then prophet-like They hail’d him father to a line of kings: Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown, And put a barren sceptre in my gripe, Thence to be wrench’d with an unlineal hand, No son of mine succeeding. If ‘t be so, For Banquo’s issue have I filed my mind; For them the gracious Duncan have I murder’d; Put rancours in the vessel of my peace Only for them; and mine eternal jewel Given to the common enemy of man, To make them kings, the seed of Banquo kings! Rather than so, come fate into the list. And champion me to the utterance! Act Three Scene One Macbeth:-Macbeth is talking to himself in terms of a soliloquy -He is explaining that to be King is nothing if it is not safely and securely kept without threat from others; He is scared of Banquo -“As it is said Marc Antony’s by Caesar;” Allusion to Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar-This shows Macbeth’s uncertainty about being King and will lead to his cowardly actions later in the play
Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men; As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs, Shoughs, water-rugs and demi-wolves, are clept All by the name of dogs: the valued file Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle, The housekeeper, the hunter, every one According to the gift which bounteous nature Hath in him closed; whereby he does receive Particular addition. from the bill That writes them all alike: and so of men. Now, if you have a station in the file, Not i’ the worst rank of manhood, say ‘t; And I will put that business in your bosoms, Whose execution takes your enemy off, Grapples you to the heart and love of us, Who wear our health but sickly in his life, Which in his death were perfect. Act Three Scene One Macbeth:-Macbeth is talking to the murderers before they go on to kill Banquo -He is challenging these men’s manhood; “Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men, As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs;” These people are no different than animals; They are criminals and have nothing to live for any longer-The symbolic image used with all of animals shows savagery/uncivilized nature of men-He really wants the murderers to commit to their act and it shows a change in his motivation to kill
Nought’s had, all’s spent, Where our desire is got without content: ‘Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy. Act Three Scene Two Lady Macbeth:-Lady Macbeth is talking to herself about the effects of murder (soliloquy)-She experiences a sense of desperation where she would rather being the person getting murdered than be the person murdering who therefore gets tormented by anxiety and depression -Alliteration: “Destruction dwell in doubtful joy” -Shows her double-sided nature in terms of her husband; she is hiding her own self-doubt in order to pretend to be strong for her husband
There the grown serpent lies; the worm that’s fled Hath nature that in time will venom breed, No teeth for the present. Act Three Scene Four Macbeth:-Macbeth says this after the murder tells him that Banquo is dead but his son has gotten away.-Macbeth is saying that the serpent or banquo has been killed. And the fleance is not a treat yet because he is too young to come after Macbeth, he is worm with no venom in his teeth -Metaphor- compares people to serpents and worms-Makes Macbeth paranoid throughout the rest of the play
Sit, worthy friends: my lord is often thus, And hath been from his youth: pray you, keep seat; The fit is momentary; upon a thought He will again be well: if much you note him, You shall offend him and extend his passion: Feed, and regard him not. Are you a man? 19B. Lady Macbeth-Lady Macbeth-She says this after Macbeth is acting weird and talking to Banquo’s ghost. She is trying to justify the odd behavior of her husband. She says that he sometimes have these fits but he pulls himself. Then she asks if he is a man, trying to get his attention again -The theme of questioning manhood comes into play again – Makes others wonder if Macbeth is sane enough to be king and start to suspect guilt
Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, Till thou applaud the deed. Come, seeling night, Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day; And with thy bloody and invisible hand Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond Which keeps me pale! Act Three Scene Two Macbeth:-Macbeth says it, in part to Lady Macbeth, in part to the night, after he has become king and is hosting a dinner of thanes. Lady Macbeth is trying to get him to calm down but he is too scared of Banquo’s prophecy-He says that Lady Macbeth shouldn’t worry about what he is doing until after is it done, then calls on the night to conceal his actions which will kill Banquo and put his mind at ease-The theme of darkness: Macbeth calls on the night to conceal his actions, as he and Lady did previously-It is showing the split between the pair as he no longer acts as equals with her. It also shows his paranoia and his increasingly violent nature. He sends people to kill Banquo and his son, Fleance.
What man dare, I dare: Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear, The arm’d rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger; Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves Shall never tremble: or be alive again, And dare me to the desert with thy sword; If trembling I inhabit then, protest me The baby of a girl. Hence, horrible shadow! Unreal mockery, hence! Act Three Scene Four Macbeth: -Macbeth is talking to the ghost that “is there” at the party -He is proving that if the ghost appeared in any other form then he would not be scared, however in this ghost-like form, he trembles and is terrified for what the future is -Allusions to animals such as the tiger, rhinoceros, etc. -Shows that Macbeth really is crazy and is not in a good state of mind which will handicap his mind for the rest of the play
I will to-morrow, And betimes I will, to the weird sisters: More shall they speak; for now I am bent to know, By the worst means, the worst. For mine own good, All causes shall give way: I am in blood Stepp’d in so far that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o’er Act Three Scene Four Macbeth:-Said to Lady Macbeth-Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth that he plans to visit the sisters again and see what horrible things might happen to him in the future, he doesn’t want to just stay still. He says that he has come this far and killed many people that to go back to being the person he once was would be impossible.-“Returning were as tedious as go o’er.” This simile illustrates how if Macbeth were to stop his killing spree now, it would be just as bad as killing more people -After hearing the news from the sisters and the ghosts he wrongly believes that he is invincible.
…this night I’ll spend Unto a dismal and a fatal end: Great business must be wrought ere noon: Upon the corner of the moon There hangs a vaporous drop profound; I’ll catch it ere it come to ground: And that distill’d by magic sleights Shall raise such artificial sprites As by the strength of their illusion Shall draw him on to his confusion: He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear He hopes ‘bove wisdom, grace and fear: And you all know, security Is mortals’ chiefest enemy. Act Three Scene Five Hecate:-Hecate is mad at the witches so she is going to fix their mistake of telling Macbeth his fate.-She says she is going to create three artificial spirits that will make Macbeth feel safe, essentially tricking him into complacency. -Theme of appearance: Macbeth will think they are giving him good news, but they are secretly destroying him-These spirits will be Macbeth’s downfall. It also shows Hecate trying to alter the natural order to…restore the natural order? Building him up to take him down.
Who cannot want the thought how monstrous It was for Malcolm and for Donalbain To kill their gracious father? damned fact! How it did grieve Macbeth! did he not straight In pious rage the two delinquents tear, That were the slaves of drink and thralls of sleep? Was not that nobly done? Ay, and wisely too; For ‘twould have anger’d any heart alive To hear the men deny’t. Act Three Scene Six Lennox:-Lennox is speaking to another lord regarding Macbeth’s behavior-This scene can be misinterpreted because he is very sarcastic; Not a supporter of Macbeth; Believes that Macbeth was the one who really killed Banquo (he claims that all these other people were responsible for the deaths however he really knows that is was Macbeth) -Lennox uses an effective application of the rhetorical question when talking to the Lord by making him feel false pity of Macbeth (That were the slaves of drink and thralls of sleep? Was not that nobly done?)-He is hinting to the nobleman of what Macbeth really has done; leads to additional suspicions of Macbeth’s murder (leads to his downfall)
I conjure you, by that which you profess, Howe’er you come to know it, answer me: Though you untie the winds and let them fight Against the churches; though the yesty waves Confound and swallow navigation up; Though bladed corn be lodged and trees blown down; Though castles topple on their warders’ heads; Though palaces and pyramids do slope Their heads to their foundations; though the treasure Of nature’s germens tumble all together, Even till destruction sicken; answer me To what I ask you. Act Four Scene One Macbeth:-Macbeth is talking with the different witches because he wants them to tell him what he wants to hear, rather than the truth-He is trying to go to different people to hear good news rather than bad and he falsely goes to the witches to hear such news-Visuals regarding nature are littered throughout this passage: “yeasty waves confound and swallow navigation up, though bladed corn be lodged and trees blown down”-Shows his trust in the witches and what they believe in to be the future (he feels as if his fate is in the hands of the witches)
Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn The power of man, for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth. Act Four Scene One Second Apparition:-This takes place after Hecate ordered the apparitions to appear to Macbeth.-The second apparition tells Macbeth that no man born of woman will kill Macbeth-Appearance versus reality: Macbeth believes this is good news, but it is concealing a secret. The apparition is shaped like a bloody child-Macduff was taken from his mother via surgery because she died in childbirth. Macbeth believes he is invincible, but doesn’t know the truth about Macduff.
Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo: down! Thy crown does sear mine eye-balls. And thy hair, Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first. A third is like the former. Filthy hags! Why do you show me this? A fourth! Start, eyes! What, will the line stretch out to the crack of doom? Another yet! A seventh! I’ll see no more: And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass Which shows me many more; and some I see That two-fold balls and treble scepters carry: Horrible sight! Now, I see, ’tis true; For the blood-bolter’d Banquo smiles upon me, And points at them for his. Act Four Scene One Macbeth:-The witches are showing Macbeth apparitions pertaining to his future. They have just made an image of Banquo appear along with many kings that have a resemblance to Banquo. – Macbeth recognizes that the prophecy of Banquo’s sons being kings is to come true even with the death of Banquo. This makes Macbeth fear for his reign as king. -Theme of prophecy, paranoia -His fears of Banquo’s descendants and his over all paranoia for his life and slot as king
Time, thou anticipatest my dread exploits: The flighty purpose never is o’ertook Unless the deed go with it; from this moment The very firstlings of my heart shall be The firstlings of my hand. And even now, To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and done: The castle of Macduff I will surprise; Seize upon Fife; give to the edge o’ the sword His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls That trace him in his line. No boasting like a fool; This deed I’ll do before this purpose cool. Act Four Scene One Macbeth:-Macbeth, after speaking to the three witches, has just found out that Macduff fled for England, and that his plans might be delayed/thwarted by Macduff’s departure-Macbeth realizes that he has always been taking too long to plan and execute, and thus is cursing the time; he decides that he will act on any impulse, including the impulse to murder Macduff’s family.-Theme of fleeting time/how short time is, Macbeth’s descent into animalism/cruelty-This passage marks a change in Macbeth’s behavior, and a critical turning point in his nature: he decides now to act on any impulse/instinct that comes to him, even if it is completely immoral, like murder
But Macbeth is. A good and virtuous nature may recoil In an imperial charge. But I shall crave your pardon; That which you are my thoughts cannot transpose: Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell; Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so. Act Four Scene Three Malcolm:-Malcolm is revealing to Macduff truths about Macbeth that is revealing about his character -He explains that his fears alone can not truly alter Macduff’s beliefs however his revelations regarding Macbeth are very influential. Evil sometimes fakes being good, but good also has to truly be good, which Macbeth is not-He uses the visual of an angel to ironically compare Macbeth to -This reveals information regarding Macbeth that will hurt him in the end, which Malcolm reveals to Macduff
I grant him bloody, Luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful, Sudden, malicious, smacking of every sin That has a name: but there’s no bottom, none, In my voluptuousness: your wives, your daughters, Your matrons and your maids, could not fill up The cistern of my lust, and my desire All continent impediments would o’erbear That did oppose my will: better Macbeth Than such an one to reign. Act Four Scene Three Malcolm: -Malcolm is with Macduff who is asking Malcolm to come back to Scotland to take down Macbeth but Malcolm is worried that Macduff is sent by Macbeth as a trap. Malcolm says a series of lies to see Macduff’s loyalty. -Malcolm lies saying even though Macbeth is murderous and greedy among other things Malcolm himself has no end to his sexual desires and will take any woman in his sights which is why he should not rule. – Theme of appearances, Theme of mistrust/trust – This contributes to how Malcolm shall lead the troops to Macbeth and shows which side everyone is on.
Come, go we to the king; our power is ready; Our lack is nothing but our leave; Macbeth Is ripe for shaking, and the powers above Put on their instruments. Receive what cheer you may: The night is long that never finds the day. Act Four Scene Three Malcolm:-Malcolm is talking to Macduff and the other military leaders-He is saying that now is the time to strike because Macbeth’s control over his people is crumbling-Theme of higher powers having influence, Malcolm believes the gods are on their side and isn’t far off because Hecate is helping him-This is foreshadowing Macbeth’s fall from power and reestablishes the witches’ control
Here’s the smell of the blood still: all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand. Oh, oh, oh! Act Five Scene One Lady Macbeth:-She is talking in her sleep while a doctor and nurse watch and listen-She is expressing her guilt for the murder of Duncan and how nothing can cleanse her of it-This has an allusion to the perfume of Arabia, saying that all of it couldn’t rid her of this curse. Sleeplessness is also present in that her guilt keeps her awake.-This passage relates back to Macbeth’s speech after the murder, saying that all of Neptune’s ocean couldn’t wash him of this crime. Lady Macbeth believed that all they needed was a little water to cure them of the deed.
Bring me no more reports; let them fly all: Till Birnam wood remove to Dunsinane, I cannot taint with fear. What’s the boy Malcolm? Was he not born of woman? The spirits that know All mortal consequences have pronounced me thus: ‘Fear not, Macbeth; no man that’s born of woman Shall e’er have power upon thee.’ Then fly, false thanes, And mingle with the English epicures: The mind I sway by and the heart I bear Shall never sag with doubt nor shake with fear. Act Five Scene Three Macbeth:-Macbeth is doing a soliloquy right before he learns of the Birnam wood moving -He is very confident that he will live because he will live until Birnam wood moves, which he really doesn’t think will happen-Shakespeare again uses effective examples of the rhetorical question by saying “What’s the boy Malcolm? Was he not born of woman?”-This shows his naivety in the situation because he doesn’t even know that he is at risk
Cure her of that. Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased, Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow, Raze out the written troubles of the brain And with some sweet oblivious antidote Cleanse the stuff’d bosom of that perilous stuff Which weighs upon the heart? Act Five Scene Three Macbeth:-Macbeth says this to the doctor after the doctor says that Lady Macbeth had gone insane-Macbeth asks the doctor is he is able to remove these unwanted memories from Lady Macbeth’s head and replace them with positive thoughts.-In some way this shows Macbeth’s guilt that he feels guilty for the pain that he brought her so he asks for something impossible. Shows his continuing mental decline-Perhaps a statement on the permanence of actions and guilt. Perhaps Macbeth is really asking for himself
She should have died hereafter; There would have been a time for such a word. To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day To the last syllable of recorded time, And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more: it is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing. Act Five Scene Four Macbeth:-This is a speech by Macbeth after he finds about Lady Macbeth’s death-He is saying that it wasn’t Lady Macbeth’s time to die. He says that humans never learn from their mistakes “lighted fools the way to dusty death”. The second half of the speech Macbeth is accepting his death and that all life ends in death -Repetition: “Tomorrow, and Tomorrow, and Tomorrow” Personification- life is walking-This is his resignation from life, shows that he is prepared to die. But he realizes he has no legacy and will just be forgotten in history
They have tied me to a stake; I cannot fly, But, bear-like, I must fight the course. What’s he That was not born of woman? Such a one Am I to fear, or none. Act Five Scene Seven Macbeth: -Macbeth is under attack (Malcolm brings the branches of Birnam) – Macbeth must fight rather than flee like a bird. He is only afraid of the Man not born of woman which he sees as not possible so it brings back a piece of his confidence -Theme – Prophecy, Fear- Foreshadows the one who will kill him. Shows Macbeth’s cruelty and perseverance and ableness to fight. Right after this line he meets and slays young Seward showing his ability to kill in battle and his declining mental state.
Despair thy charm; And let the angel whom thou still hast served Tell thee, Macduff was from his mother’s womb Untimely ripp’d. Act Five Scene Eight Macduff: -Macbeth and Macduff have come face to face and begin to fight. Macbeth is winning at the time because he is unaware that Macduff was not born of woman so he is confident in the prophecy held over him. -Macduff reveals to Macbeth that he was not born of woman but rather ripped from his mother’s womb -Theme – Appearances aren’t what they seem – This line is Macbeth’s ultimate demise because he no longer is confident in his fighting.
Why then, God’s soldier be he! Had I as many sons as I have hairs, I would not wish them to a fairer death: And so, his knell is knoll’d. Act Five Scene Eight Siward: -After the fighting has ended Ross, Malcolm and Siward gather, Siward learns of his son’s death -There is no more noble way for his son to die than how he did. -Nobility, Dying honorably vs dishonorably- This shows an overview of the feelings for Macbeth and how they would rather die trying to conquer him rather than live under his cruelty and murderousness.

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