Macbeth & Shakespeare

Shakespearean themes Ambition and PowerFickleness and love Fate and Fortune Order and disorder Magic and superstition Jealousy and Revenge Appearance and reality
Globe Theatre Theatre in London Everyone attended the plays from the queen to the groundlings Audience believed in ghosts, witches, and superstition Only men were allowed to act- even in women’s roles
Elizabethan Era Queen Elizabeth I reigned Time of english renaissance or the golden age Music, Poetry, and literature flourished
Iambic Pentameter A line of verse with 5 metrical feet, each consisting of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
Random Facts Died on his birthday3 kids (Hamnet and Judith were twins) and Susana Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actorBorn April 23, 1564 and died April 23, 1616 in Stratford upon Avon, England
Sonnets 14 line poemsHe wrote 154 sonnets Subjects of sonnets referred to as Fair Youth The Rival Poet Dark Lady
Plays 37 playsComedies (The Tempest, Taming of the shrew) , Histories (King Henry), Tragedies
Sonnet Themes Love is the overarching theme of the sonnets 3 specific themes: The brevity of life Transience of beauty Trappings of desire
Macbeth Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and King of ScotlandBecomes a tyrannical and violent monster who ultimately destroys himself due to his desire for powerWhat’s perhaps most interesting about Macbeth is that he senses the murder will lead to his own destruction even before he murders Duncan, yet his ambition is so great that he still goes through with it
Lady Macbeth Lust for power and positionEarly in the play she is stronger and more ruthless as she urges the death of Duncan to seize the crownAfter the bloodshed begins she falls victim to guilt and madness to an even greater degree than her husband
Banquo Scottish nobleman, general, friend of Macbeth, father of FleanceProphesied that his descendants will one day sit on the throneAmbitious like Macbeth but unlike Macbeth he resists putting his selfish ambition above his honor or the good of Scotland
King Duncan King of Scotland Model of a virtuous, benevolent, and farsighted ruler (wise, kind, forward-thinking)Death symbolizes destruction of order in Scotland
Act 1:1-2 Opens up with thundering and lightning and the three weird sisters appear out of the storm and make plans to meet up again after the battle to confront Macbeth Scots are at war with Norway Scotland, Takes place in 11th century Macbeth kills Macdonwald (rebel leader) by cutting his head off Duncan executes Thane of Cawdor
Act 1:3 Prophecies from witches to Macbeth + Banquo: Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, King HereafterBanquo’s sons will be future kingsDuncan says that the thane of Cawdor be put to death and Macbeth be given Cawdor’s title Macbeth and Banquo wonder if the witches are really women, since they seem to have beards like men “So foul and fair a day I have never seen” -Macbeth
1:4-1:7 Malcolm is named Prince of Cumberland (Successor)After receiving letter, Lady Macbeth questions if Macbeth is manly enough to kill DuncanLady Macbeth is notified that Duncan will be coming for dinnerAfter Macbeth heard the prophecy, he immediately wanted to become king
Act 2 My guy banquo is having nightmares about the witches prophecy because he is dealing with the thought of becoming royalty. Macbeth tells him that he doesn’t think about the witches prophecy and that they should talk about it at a later time. Macbeth thinks he sees a dagger before him and that it is bloody, he knows that he can see it but he cannot touch it, and then he goes to kill duncanMacbeth kills Duncan, but he forgets to leave the daggerMacbeth feels the guilt of his murder almost immediately after, He won’t be able to sleep because his guilt will keep him up at nightLady macbeth is able to think clearly enough after the murder to go put the daggers back by the guardsMacbeth wants the knocks to wake up duncan, he thinks that they are a symbol of his guiltPorter plays like a gatekeeper to hell, opens the door for Macduff and LennoxLennox thinks that the night has been odd Macduff discovers that the king is deadMacbeth starts to blunder bc he kills the guards before they can question him, Lady Macbeth saves him by acting like she is fainting a1 acting skills by LMBMalcolm and Donalbain flee to Ireland and England bc 1) they could be killed next or 2) they think that the blame will be put on themMacbeth becomes king, and Macduff doesn’t go to his coronation
Act 3 Banquo starts to suspect that Macbeth killed Duncan Macbeth invites banquo to a feast Macbeth is scared that Banquo’s children will become future kings so he schedules his murderMacbeth orders two people to murder Banquo and his son (it was odd because 3 people show up)
Act 4 Macbeth is with the witches and they are giving him ways to strengthen his kingship, he wants the witches tell him a prophecyThey tell him that in order for him to dieApparitions:Beware of Macduff (The armored head suggests war or rebellion- a telling image when connected to the apparition’s warning about Macduff)Bloody child says no man of woman born will kill macbeth (The bloody child refers to Macduff’s birth by cesarean section—he is not “of woman born”—attaching a clear irony to a comment that Macbeth takes at face value) Crowned child holding a tree says that he is safe until Birnam woods move to Dunsinane (The crowned child is Malcolm. He carries a tree, just as his soldiers will later carry tree branches from Birnam Wood to Dunsinane)8 crowned kings walks by, the last carrying a mirror (Macbeth wants to know what this means but the witches vanish)Macduff flees to england, Macbeth tells Lennox that they need to kill his whole family to make him pay for being a traitor, Macbeth has become ruthlessLady Macduff and her son have a back and forth where she thinks that he’s dead but not really but he’s dead, and her son doesn’t believe himThe murder of Lady Macduff and her son marks the moment in which Macbeth descends into madness, killing neither for political gain nor to silence an enemy, but out of furious desire to do harm When Macduff realizes that Macbeth had killed his family, Malcolm tells him to turn his grief into angerMalcolm tests Macduff by telling him that he is a hoe and is greedy for things and is unfit to be King, Macduff doesn’t get baited into the trap and proclaims that he wants Scotland to be great againRoss is afraid to tell Macduff that his family has been killed, and he tells him that his whole family has been killed, and they get a force together to take over Scotland
Act 5 A doctor and Lady Macbeth’s nurse discuss Lady Macbeth’s strange habit of sleepwalking Lady macbeth enters in a trance with a candle in her hand Bemoaning the murders of Lady Macduff and Banquo, she seems to see blood on her hands and claims that nothing will ever wash it off English army approaches, led by Malcolm As this happens, Macbeth is making military preparations in a mad rage
Fair is foul, and foul is fair;Hover through the fog and filthy air. 3 WITCHES WHEN THEY PLAN TO MEET MACBETH
And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,The instruments of darkness tell us truths,Win us with honest trifles, to betray’sIn deepest consequence. BANQUO AFTER FINDING OUT HIS DESCENDANTS WILL BE KING BUT IS NERVOUS THAT THEY WILL NOT COME TRUE
Stars, hide your fires!Let not light see my black and deep desires. MACBETH REFLECTING ON THE FACT THAT HE CAN ONLY BECOME KING KILLING BY KILLING DUNCAN
Come, you spiritsThat tend on mortal thoughts! unsex me here,And fill me from the crown to the toe, top-fullOf direst cruelty; make thick my blood,Stop up the access and passage to remorse,That no compunctious visitings of natureShake my fell purpose, nor keep peace betweenThe effect and it! Come to my woman’s breasts,And take my milk for gall. LADY MACBETH’S RESPONSE TO HEARING THAT DUNCAN IS COMING TO VISIT
Look like the innocent flower,But be the serpent under it. LADY MACBETH WHEN SHE IS TELLING MACBETH THAT HE MUST KILL DUNCAN
I have no spurTo prick the sides of my intent, but onlyVaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itselfAnd falls on the other. MACBETH WHILE CONTEMPLATING WHETHER OR NOT TO KILL DUNCAN
I dare do all that may become a man;Who dares do more, is none. MACBETH IN RESPONSE TO LADY MACBETH QUESTIONING WHETHER OR NOT HE IS A
MANMacbeth: If we should fail.Lady Macbeth: We fail?But screw your courage to the sticking-place,And we’ll not fail. LADY MACBETH TRYING TO ESTABLISH A SENSE OF CONFIDENCE IN MACBETH
Is this a dagger which I see before me,The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee;I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.Art thou not, fatal vision, sensibleTo feeling as to sight? or art thou butA dagger of the mind, a false creation,Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?I see thee yet, in form as palpableAs this which now I draw. MACBETH GRABBING THE DAGGER TO KILL DUNCAN
Methought I heard a voice cry, “Sleep no more!Macbeth does murder sleep” — the innocent sleep;Sleep, that knits up the ravell’d sleave of care,The death of each day’s life, sore labor’s bath,Balm of hurt minds, great nature’s second course,Chief nourisher in life’s feast. MACBETH IS WORRIED THAT HE MAY BE AFFECTED BY HIS ACTIONS AND THAT A CURSE WAS PLACED ON HIM
Nought’s had, all’s spentWhere our desire is got without content. LADY MACBETH EXPRESSES HER UNHAPPINESS AND IS NOT SATISFIED WITH WHAT SHE DID
I am in bloodStepp’d in so far, that, should I wade no more,Returning were as tedious as go o’er. MACBETH FEELS A SENSE OF REGRET AND REALIZES HE HAS DONE TOO MUCH TO TURN BACK NOW
By the pricking of my thumbs,Something wicked this way comes. THE SECOND WITCH DESCRIBING MACBETH BEFORE HE ENTERS
Out, damned spot! out, I say! LADY MACBETH HAVING HALLUCINATIONS AS SHE RELIVES THE HORRORS THAT SHE AND MACBETH WENT THROUGH
Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrowCreeps in this petty pace from day to dayTo the last syllable of recorded time;And all our yesterdays have lighted foolsThe way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor playerThat struts and frets his hour upon the stage,And then is heard no more. It is a taleTold by an idiot, full of sound and fury,Signifying nothing. MACBETH REFLECTING ON THE FACT THAT LADY MACBETH HAS DIED SAYING LIFE IS A CANDLE THAT EVENTUALLY WILL BE BLOWN OUT

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