Macbeth quotes

Act 11 but all’s too weak:For brave Macbeth–well he deserves that name–Disdaining fortune, with his brandish’d steel,Which smoked with bloody execution,Like valour’s minion carved out his passage Speaker: the soldier coming back from the battle- covered in blood- gives us first character assessment of Macbeth. Macbeth doesn’t care about fortune/fate all he wants to do is fight- honor/bravery son of bravery, good impression of Macbeth. Saved the day for Scotland. contrasts being linked with witchcraft. Has no personal ambition. Valor’s minion – incredibly brave
Act 12 But ’tis strange:And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,The instruments of darkness tell us truths,Win us with honest trifles, to betray’sIn deepest consequence. Speaker :Banquo a warning to not listen to the witches- evil is seductive- audience knows Macbeth shouldn’t be trapped my witches because Banquo warned him, but Macbeth listened to the witches- he wasn’t tricked he knew they could be evil. Serves to contrast Banquo And M, Banquo Was given a prophecy but doesn’t act on it- doesn’t want to force prophecy- do bad things. Shows Macbeth is aware. His seduction of evil is despite knowing better.
Act 1 3 Cannot be ill, cannot be good: if ill,Why hath it given me earnest of success,Commencing in a truth? I am thane of Cawdor:If good, why do I yield to that suggestionWhose horrid image doth unfix my hairAnd make my seated heart knock at my ribs,Against the use of nature? Present fearsAre less than horrible imaginings:My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,Shakes so my single state of man that functionIs smother’d in surmise, and nothing isBut what is not. Speaker: Macbethimagining murdering the king- immediately after he is old he is thane of cawdor- Macbeth believes in witches power and decided he needs to be king- easily corrupted. One prophecy comes true he believes all of them. Rationalizing accepting witchcraft, starts to imagine murder.
Act 1 4 We will establish our estate uponOur eldest, Malcolm, whom we name hereafterThe Prince of Cumberland; Speaker: Duncan up to this point if duncan died macbeth would have been chosen by the people to be king, saved scotland, everyone knows and loves him. So duncan announces Malcolm as his heir not macbeth so macbeth feels the need to do something because he wants the prophecy of being king to come true. Deepens plays problems, his need to take action, not just one killing potentially more. Spire towards killing the King
Act 15 The Prince of Cumberland! that is a stepOn which I must fall down, or else o’erleap,For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires;Let not light see my black and deep desires: Speaker: Macbethimagining killing son, invokes evil and darkness, asks stars not to shine, doesn’t want light on his desires and what he wants to do. everything darkens. Shows the swiftness that he’s ready to kill.
Act 1 6 Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt beWhat thou art promised: yet do I fear thy nature;It is too full o’ the milk of human kindnessTo catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great;Art not without ambition, but withoutThe illness should attend it: what thou wouldst highly,That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false,And yet wouldst wrongly win: Speaker: Lady macbethcharacter assessment of her husband- before the witches- what she knew already – says he isn’t a good man, is morally corrupt- would accept things that have been given to him the wrong way as long as he doesn’t get in trouble. She thinks that he’s a weak man. CONTRAST TO SOLDER.
Act 17 The raven himself is hoarseThat croaks the fatal entrance of DuncanUnder my battlements. Come, you spiritsThat tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,And fill me from the crown to the toe top-fullOf direst cruelty! Speaker: Lady Macbeth reaction to king coming to her castle- instantly ready to kill him- so swift in coming up with evil plans – so fast- now she invokes evil- she wants to be unsexed- feels her husband isn’t strong enough- she is dissatisfied with him. she wants to be more masculine.
Act 1 8 Your face, my thane, is as a book where menMay read strange matters. To beguile the time,Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye,Your hand, your tongue: look like the innocent flower,But be the serpent under’t. Speaker: Lady Macbeth tells husband what to do- be deceptive- that he needs to pretend to be happy, relaxed, innocent, gentle but underneath he needs to be dangerous, be the snake under the flower. look innocent be dangerous. (deception in england shakespeare’s neighbors- dinner then trying to kill everyone.) talking about how people can look so innocent but be so evil
act 1 9 We will proceed no further in this business:He hath honour’d me of late; and I have boughtGolden opinions from all sorts of people,Which would be worn now in their newest gloss,Not cast aside so soon. Speaker:Macbethmacbeth being very willing to just stop and not do anything, tells us that he doesn’t want to kill the king- witches don’t have a hold on him- wife meltdown- accuses him of not being a man. Last trace of the good man, happy where he is, everyone respects him. Recognizes the power and status that he has.
Act 210 So I lose noneIn seeking to augment it, but still keepMy bosom franchised and allegiance clear,I shall be counsell’d. Speaker: Banquoline in the sand, Banquo saying to Macbeth he won’t do anything to dishonor him- implying Macbeth might do something dishonorable or something bad. Banquo won’t lose his honor to gain more honor. M knows Banquo won’t do anything bad- Banquo says he’s suspicious of M and M doesn’t want Banquo to suspect TENSION makes us expect Banquo against M or M against B- killing of banquo
Act 3 11 Our fears in BanquoStick deep; and in his royalty of natureReigns that which would be fear’d: ’tis much he dares;And, to that dauntless temper of his mind,He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valourTo act in safety. There is none but heWhose being I do fear: Speaker:Macbeth talks about how he is afraid of banquo- important because Banquo is an ancestor or king james (s/o to king james because it is praising his ancestor) Banquo is clearly a king, wise and brave, qualities of a good king. Reasons Macbeth feels the need to kill Banquo. Macbeth suspects Banquo
Act 312 better be with the dead,Whom we, to gain our peace, have sent to peace,Than on the torture of the mind to lieIn restless ecstasy. Duncan is in his grave;After life’s fitful fever he sleeps well;Treason has done his worst: nor steel, nor poison,Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing,Can touch him further. Speaker:MacbethNihilistic speech – recognized ironically that Duncan has peace and Macbeth has none. Shakespeare warns audience about the bad things that happen after you kill a king- civil war- outside invasions, factions…foreshadows what happen in the play, and warns audience. Macbeth feels jealous/envious that nothing further can hurt him.
Act 3 13 I hear it by the way; but I will send:There’s not a one of them but in his houseI keep a servant fee’d. Speaker: Macbeth paranoia, doesn’t trust any Scottish noblemen- because killed king- keeps spies in everyone’s houses – shows the breakdown of the personality – doesn’t trust others
Act 3 14 And I, the mistress of your charms,The close contriver of all harms,Was never call’d to bear my part,Or show the glory of our art?And, which is worse, all you have doneHath been but for a wayward son,Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do,Loves for his own ends, not for you. Speaker: Hecategoddess of witches- angry with the witches – because they gave Macbeth power- tells of what Macbeth was like before the witches got to him- wasn’t a good man to give the power to, spiteful (kills Macduff’s family), wrathful (hates everyone), selfish (it’s all himself becoming king. Only cares about power). more complicated picture of Macbeth.
Act 3 15 That, by the help of these–with Him aboveTo ratify the work–we may againGive to our tables meat, sleep to our nights,Free from our feasts and banquets bloody knives,Do faithful homage and receive free honours:All which we pine for now: Speaker: The Lord (Scottish lord- lennox) reaction fate nobility to macbeth- they think of him as a tyrant, this is how they have to live- in fear of their lives attending his banquets, and they can’t sleep at night, there’s murder in the land. They also don’t respect him. Sense of the state of the country
Act 4 16 from this momentThe very firstlings of my heart shall beThe firstlings of my hand. And even now,To crown my thoughts with acts, be it thought and done: Speaker: Macbeth after the apparitions after mime with shows the kings- Incredibly angry about B’s kids taking the throne, wants to kill someone, wants to kill Macduff, but Macduff got away to England so he kills Macduff’s innocent family. NEW LEVEL OF HORROR- acts without thinking. Spitefulness, as soon as he thinks of something he acts on it, paranoid and impulsive, dangerous – in reaction to the fact that he can’t kill Macduff
Act 4 17 Wisdom! to leave his wife, to leave his babes,His mansion and his titles in a placeFrom whence himself does fly? He loves us not;He wants the natural touch: for the poor wren,The most diminutive of birds, will fight,Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. Speaker: Lady Macduffreacting to the fact her husband left her and the children to go to england, she says it was wrong and unnatural for him to have done that— uses imagery of the wren- tiniest- vulnerable bird wren would protect family against owl but and she feels that they are a family and why won’t Macbeth protect family. The vulnerable and innocent are being killed
Act 4 18 But cruel are the times, when we are traitorsAnd do not know ourselves, when we hold rumourFrom what we fear, yet know not what we fear,But float upon a wild and violent seaEach way and move Speaker: Rosssaying bad things are happening- nobody knows what to fear- talks about the idea of civil war and what it does to the country (warning to audience) ross being used to convey message. You will not know which way to turn for safety
Act 4 19 But I remember nowI am in this earthly world; where to do harmIs often laudable, to do good sometimeAccounted dangerous folly: Speaker: Lady Macduffmurders come in and she talks about innocent people being killed, bad people being praised and good people die.
Act 520 I have lived long enough: my way of lifeIs fall’n into the sear, the yellow leaf;And that which should accompany old age,As honour, love, obedience, troops of friends,I must not look to have; but, in their stead,Curses, not loud but deep, mouth-honour, breath,Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare not Speaker:Macbeth- dark speech life is meaningless contrasts earlier speech of not wanting to kill the king- shows Macbeth has nothing, no friends, nothing to look forward to , nothing to live for, he is aware of everything he has lost it all . (contrasts #9)
Act 5 21 Out, out, brief candle!Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor playerThat struts and frets his hour upon the stageAnd then is heard no more: it is a taleTold by an idiot, full of sound and fury,Signifying nothing. Speaker: Macbethfinds out Lady Macbeth kills herself- he says life is very short and completely meaningless, life is just like a brief candle. dark, life is meaningless talks of evilness of people.
Act 522 I cannot strike at wretched kerns, whose armsAre hired to bear their staves: either thou, Macbeth,Or else my sword with an unbatter’d edgeI sheathe again undeeded. Speaker: Macduff- contrasts #23- doesn’t want to kill anybody, everyone on Macbeth’s army is innocent- forced to fight doesn’t want to hurt them only wants to hurt macbeth- out to do justice- remove evil
Act 523 Why should I play the Roman fool, and dieOn mine own sword? whiles I see lives, the gashesDo better upon them. Speaker: Macbeth wants to kill everyone still thinks he is immortal and invincible, shows he is evil because he thinks he can’t be killed and wants to kill as many people as possible- evil- wants to inflict as much harm as possible

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