Macbeth Questions

1.1 Address the tone, mood, setting in this scene. • Tone-foreboding, mysterious, foreshadowing• Mood- anticipation, on edge, off balance, unsettled, nervous, tense• Setting- war is going on
1.1 What themes are introduced in this scene? • “Fair is foul, and foul is fair / Hover through the fog and filthy air”
1.1 Who is King of Scotland as the play opens? • King Duncan
1.1 What is Macbeth’s title when the play opens? Thane of Glanis
1.1 What literary device is prevalent in this scene? Foreshadowing
1.2 What information does this scene impart about Macbeth? Macbeth fought valiantly and won the battle. He is executing the Thane of Cawdor for treason against the king. The Thane of Cawdor conspired to go against the King
1.2 How are Duncan and Macbeth related? MAcbeth is Duncan’s nobleman in the army. They are cousins and Macbeth is ranked under Duncan
1.2 What is Banquo’s role? • He is the commander that Macbeth fights with. Macbeth and him are equally ranked and equally responsible for the win in battle.
1.2 Discuss the irony in Macbeth’s receiving the title of Cawdor • The original Thane of Cawdor was a traitor and Macbeth becomes a traitor.
1.2 Who is Malcolm? • Malcolm is the oldest son of King Duncan. He is next in line for the throne of Scotland. Scotland is using tanietry-the king names the next king. Malcolm is the tanist.
1.What qualities of the witches’ personalities are evident in the opening of this scene?
The witches lie, are vengeful, and manipulative. They will always get what they want. 2. Discuss lines 19-22.
The witches are talking about the woman who would not share her chestnuts with them. The witches plan to put a curse on the woman’s husband so that her husband will never sleep again. They put a curse on her husband in order to punish the woman.3. Discuss lines 25-26.
The witches will not kill the woman’s husband, but they will torture him.4. What exactly are the witches doing before Macbeth enters.
The witches are dancing in a circle and winding up a charm.5. Name Duncan’s castle.
Forres6. Explain the significance of Macbeth’s opening line.
He says, “So foul and fair a day I have not seen.” He is saying that this is a day of confusion that no one has witnessed before. He talks about the theme of the play.7. Explain the witches’ threefold greeting to Macbeth.
It is foreshadowing of Macbeth’s future and the power that he will get. 8. What is the effect of this greeting on Macbeth?
He is in shock, and is afraid of the honor. He is doubtful that it will be true, but he wants it to be true. 9. Explain the witches’ greeting to Banquo.
The witches tell him the he will be happier than Macbeth but lesser than him. They till Banquo that his descendants will be king.10. What is the effect of this greeting on Banquo?
He goes crazy and does not trust them at all, and he thinks that they are evil.11. When Macbeth is named thane of Cawdor, what is Banquo’s reaction?
Banquo is surprised, and he does not trust the witches. He is suspicious of the witches.12. Explain the image of Macbeth’s “new honors” being “strange garments” (160-61).
The new honors do not fit him. Ill-fitting clothing suggests that he is an ill fitted king. 1.41. Discuss the irony in Duncan’s words in lines 9-16.
Everything that he did was unbecoming, and his death was deceitful. Duncan still trusted him2. What picture of Duncan as a king is evident in this scene?
Honorable, grateful to Macbeth. He believes the best in people; he is too trusting. 3. Discuss the significance of “planting” and “sowing.”
Reap what you sow 4. Discuss the significance of Malcolm’s being named Prince of Cumberland.
It means Malcolm is the heir to the throne → another detail to Malcolm’s rise.5. What is Macbeth’s immediate reaction to Malcolm’s new title?
He is already contemplating murder and was angry. It is significant because he thinks such thoughts without influence from Lady Macbeth at this point. Malcolm recognizes this as an obstacle. (55-60)6. Name Macbeth’s castle.
Inverness 1.51. What is the audience’s first impression of Lady Macbeth?
Cold, calculated, ruthless, ambitious2. What images are conjured in Lady Macbeth’s soliloquy?
Death secrecy, raven, night, smoke, dominant (45-60) She has already decided the murder weapon.3. What type of relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth can the audience infer?
She is the one in charge. She loves power and bosses Macbeth. She is passionate. 4. What is Lady Macbeth’s reaction to the news that Duncan is arriving at her home?
She is anxious, and she is fearful that Macbeth won’t be able to carry out the murder. She begins planning the murder. (71-72)5. What advice is Lady Macbeth giving to her husband in lines 73-78?
Make Duncan think he’s s still innocent and act like a hypocrite 6. Who will handle the details of the murder of Duncan?
Lady Macbeth 1.61. Contrast the image of the martlet (line 5) with the image of the raven in the previous scene (line 45).
The marlet is warmth and welcoming and the raven is foreboding, dark presence, and foreshadowing death. 2. What is the overall effect of this scene?
Appearance vs. reality 1.71. Discuss Macbeth’s first soliloquy in terms of time, Duncan’s demeanor, and ambition.
Macbeth wants to get the murder over with so that he does not lose his ambition. He second-guesses himself because Duncan is still a blood relative. He has bad manners towards his guests. 2. What does Macbeth conclude at the end of this first soliloquy?
He does not really have a reason to kill Duncan. He reveals his tragic flaw- pride and ambition. 3. What is Lady Macbeth’s reaction to her husband’s decision?
She gets really mad and angry. She says, why did you even tell me if you could never go through with the murder?4. What does Lady Macbeth use to change her husband’s mind?
She says that if you love me, you will kill Duncan. You have guts to want it but to not accomplish it. She is attacking his manliness. 5. What theme/motif is introduced in this exchange between husband and wife?
Virility6. What exactly is Lady Macbeth’s murder plan?
When Duncan’s asleep, the two guards will be out cold because they have had so much to drink. Macbeth will take the guards knives, kill Duncan, spread Duncan’s blood on the two guards, leave the knives, and leave the room. Lady Macbeth says that no one will suspect us. 7. Discuss the poignancy and the significance of the closing line.
Macbeth says I am willing to be a hypocrite, so I am not suspected. He is echoing what she said in order to tell the audience that Lady Macbeth has convinced Macbeth. 2.11. What scene does the time of night set?
It sets the scene for Duncan’s murder. The night represents evil and darkness. The raven is black like the night. 2. How does Banquo act as a foil to Macbeth?
He presents a fork in the road. He represents temptation. 3. Discuss thoroughly Macbeth’s dagger soliloquy.
Macbeth is hallucinating. He is thinking about what he has to do and it makes him nervous. He wakes himself from the hallucination.4. What theme/motif is so strong in this soliloquy?
Appearance vs. reality 2.21. What is Lady Macbeth’s mental state when the scene opens?
She is bold and excited. She is anxious to hear if Macbeth killed Duncan yet. She does not kill Duncan herself because Duncan looks like her father.2. What effect is created by the “clipped” exchanged between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth?
Fear, excitement, and suspense3. Explain Macbeth’s reference to “sleep” after the murder.
He says sleep is innocent and defenseless. Because Macbeth murdered Duncan in a defenseless state, Macbeth will not be able to rest again. 4. Explain Macbeth’s inability to pray after the murder.
He has paralyzing guilt. He is desperate beyond hope and redemption. Despair is a great sin.5. Explain the washing of the hands motif.
Macbeth’s dirty hands show his guilt and he not being able to wash his hands symbolizes that he can’t rid his guilt. 6. Contrast Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in this scene.
Macbeth is very shaken up but Lady Macbeth is still calm about the plan. Lady Macbeth is mad that he cannot do anything right. The only way things will get done is if she does them herself. Lady Macbeth wants what she wants, especially the crown of Scotland. 7. Explain the importance of the knocking at the end of this highly charged murder scene.
The knocking starts when Macbeth is alone. 2.31. What is the purpose of the drunken porter at the opening of the scene?
The audience needs comic relief. The porter is way to drunk to protect Duncan. This suggests that Macbeth is the devil and the porter is the gatekeeper of hell. 2. How do the “characters” mentioned by the porter relate to Macbeth himself?
The porter is playing the part of the devil. All three of the characters are criminals and they are joining Macbeth in hell. 3. Discuss Lennox’s words in Lines 61-69.
This is foreshadowing about the murder to everyone. The weather parallels to the events that went on inside the king’s home. Dreary weather/ bad weather = murder4. Macbeth overplays his part after the murder is discovered.
Macbeth admits to killing the two guards. He should be quiet.5. Who “rescues” Macbeth from himself? How?
Lady Macbeth “faints” in order to take the pressure off of Macbeth because Macduff is starting to get curious about why Macbeth killed the guards without questioning them first. 6. What course of action does Malcolm and Donalbain take? Why?
They flee because they fear that they will be killed next. Malcolm goes to England and Donalbain goes to Ireland. They go to separate places so they could not be killed together. 2.41. What is the purpose of this scene?
It is talking about the murkiness surrounding the murder. It is a transition into act 3.2. Whom does the Old Man represent?
The common people. Vox populi → voice of the people3. Does Macduff reveal any suspicions of Macbeth?
Macduff is suspicious of Macbeth, but because Duncan’s sons ran away, Macduff is also suspicious of them.4. Identify Scone, Colmekill, and Fife.
Scone-place where all the Scottish kings are crowned
Colmekill- a tiny island where all the Scottish kings were buried
Fife- Macduff’s castle5. Discuss the concluding two (2) lines of the Old Man.
He says nothing good will come of this situation. He is blessing everyone, good and bad. This also goes back to the “fog and filthy air.” 3.11. What suspicions does Banquo’s opening soliloquy reveal?
Banquo is suspicious that Macbeth had something to do with Duncan’s murder.2. Discuss the tone of Macbeth and Banquo’s conversation.
Cautious, tension3. Discuss thoroughly the contents of Macbeth’s “To be thus is nothing” soliloquy.
Macbeth is starting to see Banquo as an enemy because of what witches said about Banquo’s descendants being king. This foreshadows Banquo’s death. 4. What is Macbeth’s plan for Banquo and Fleance?
To kill them5. Who will carry out this plan?
Mercenaries (murderers)6. What fabrication does Macbeth use to convince these people to carry out his plan?
He tells them that all their misfortunes are Banquo’s fault. 7. Why can’t Macbeth carry out his own plan?
He can’t kill them because they have the same friends who he cannot lose. (Political reasons) (136)8. Macbeth’s actions in this scene speak directly to his state of mind. / 9. In this scene the audience sees a much changed Macbeth.
Macbeth is starting to lose his mind. This murder is hastier and Lady Macbeth is not involved in the murders or the planning of the murders. 10. In this scene Macbeth seems to be preoccupied with the concepts of virility.
He is asking the murderers if they are man enough to kill Banquo and Fleance. This is exactly what Lady Macbeth did to Macbeth when he was nervous about killing Duncan. 3.21. In this scene the audience begins to see the role reversal between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.
Lady Macbeth is not involved in the planning of the murder. She now has to ask permission to speak with her husband. She only wanted one thing-she wanted to be queen of Scotland. She did not want to continue killing2. Discuss the night/day motif in Macbeth’s closing words.
Day=good
Night=bad
Goodness fades as the night comes. Macbeth does not want the daylight to see what he is planning to do.3. What is the emotion that dominates this scene?
There is tension between Lady Macbeth and Macbeth. There is fear and anxiety. Lady Macbeth can no longer control the situation-faith comes into play and she must trust Macbeth. 4. This short scene between husband and wife is less than domestic bliss.
They both have drifted apart from each other. Lady Macbeth has no knowledge and control over the murder plan. They will be in fear. Macbeth does not need her anymore. Lady Macbeth’s Murder Plot Macbeth’s Murder PlotCold, methodical, efficient, well-planned, logical, clam, good plan, organized, coordinated Not smart to hire murders to execute the plan, frantic, illogical, rushed, hasty, no backup plan, not rational, the beginning of the end for Macbeth3.31. How do you, as an audience member, explain the third murderer?
The third murderer is hired to check up on the other two, which is illogical.2. What is the result of the murder plan?
The three murderers kill Banquo but Fleance gets away. The murder plan did not succeed. 3. What effect do time of day and weather produce?
It is dark and rainy which portrays mystery, chaos and badness. 3.41. What is the tone/mood of the opening of this scene? What theme/motif is present?
Tone- trying to be happy, but it is superficial
Mood-who is kidding whom
Theme- appearance vs. reality 2. What is Macbeth’s reaction to the half-successful murder?
Macbeth is happy that Banquo is dead but he is still insecure of his position. If Fleance is still alive, there was no point of killing Banquo.3. Of what is Banquo’s ghost representative?
It represents Macbeth’s foil. Macbeth kills the best part of himself when he killed Banquo. 4. Why does the ghost continue to reappear?
Macbeth still feels guilty.5. Once again, who publicly “rescues” Macbeth from himself?
Lady Macbeth. She sends all the guests away6. At the end of the scene, who becomes the object of Macbeth’s fears/suspicions? Why?
Macduff. Macbeth knows that Macduff is suspicious of Macbeth because Macduff declined the invitation to Macbeth’s dinner.7. Discuss Macbeth’s practice of strategically planting spies into certain households.
Macbeth thinks that everyone is against him and everyone is after him. 8. At the end of the scene, what is Macbeth determined to do?
Meet the witches again and demand more information from them9. Again, the motif of sleep occurs.
Lady Macbeth blames Macbeth’s hallucinations on his lack of sleep. Macbeth can’t sleep because dreams bring out all his fears and nightmares about what he did. 3.51. Why is Hecate so angry with the three witches?
Hecate is the head witch. She is mad because the other witches did not wait and she was not consulted. 2. Why does Hecate refer to Macbeth as a “wayward son”?
Macbeth was off his path. He was not helping the witches. Macbeth was only helping himself and the witches did not like it. 3.61. What is the purpose of this scene?
It talks about politics and Scotland. Macbeth is turning everything upside down. 2. What is the tone of the exchange between Lennox and the Lord?
Lord and Lennox are sarcastic and hostile towards Macbeth. Now the inner circle does not like or approve of Macbeth.3. Why do you think the Lord is anonymous?
He is speaking bad of Macbeth, and everyone who spoke out against Macbeth was killed. 4. Discuss the use of the word “tyrant” in line 25.
Macbeth is never called a king. It is sarcastic and resentful because Macbeth is power hungry.5. This scene deals with yet another theme/motif in its discussion of the state of the country of Scotland.
Everyone in Scotland is suffering. The unnaturalness is coming over the country. The health of the country is not good. 6. Who is the King of England at this time?
Edward the Confessor who was named after St. Edward. He could heal people with a touch.7. Why is the mentioning of him significant?
He is opposite of everything the Macbeth is. Everything that Macbeth touches is destroyed and everything that King Edward touches is healed. 8. Why has Macduff gone to England?
He went to get Malcolm. Macduff knows that someone has to do something to save Scotland from the reign of Macbeth. 4.1 1. Again, mood and tone are important.
Mood- suspenseful, uneasiness2. What exactly are the three witches doing at the beginning of this scene?
They are brewing poisons and casting spells.3. Discuss the effect of Macbeth’s demands on the three witches.
They are not giving him a straight answer. The witches are like, who do you think you are demanding apparitions from us?

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