Macbeth Poem

Act 1 Scene 3 Theme: Appearance vs reality-Macbeth is tempted by Witch prophecy-Appearance vs realityContext: Scene after witches reveal prophecy to MacbethReveals Macbeths conflicting nature, appearance vs realityPoint 1: Juxtaposition -juxtaposition between Macbeth (aside) and in person-Soliloquy: conflicted nature represented in rhetorical q-‘Why hath is given me earnest of success, Commencing in a truth?’-Macbeth is questioning if it is wrong to kill Duncan, questions that if the Thane of Cawdor prophecy was true, prophecy to be king must be true too-And make my seated heart knock at my ribs, Against the use of nature? -Questioning his imagining murdering Duncan, his shock at imagining his death, but yet reveals he is willing to perform the act, foreshadowing to murder of Duncan.-Here Macbeth is already considering murdering Duncan, temptation is revealed through rhetorical questions. -Juxtaposes with Macbeth behaviour in real lifePoint 2: Irony-Juxtaposition highlighted through irony-‘If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me without my stir: ‘Ironic as Macbeth’s in reality is already considering Murdering Duncan, and does later in the play-Shakespeare begins to reveal theme of appearance vs reality: Contrast between Macbeth outward shows, and personal thoughts -Irony of Banquo praise of Macbeth ‘Worthy Macbeth, we stay upon your leisure’ -Ironic as Macbeth will murder Banquo in the future-Further highlights contrast between Macbeths reality and appearance-Banquo’s Ironic metaphor, ‘Like our strange garments, cleave not to their mold, But with the aid of use’-Metaphor refers of new clothes that do not fit until we get use to them-compares Macbeth’s new role, and prophecy: is ironic as Macbeth has already sucumbed in a way to his new power, tempted to earn more through murdering Duncan.Conclusion:-Point help portray the theme of appearance vs reality, a motif throughout Shakespeare’s play.-Reveals that humans often hide their true intentions/beliefs from others.
Act 1 Scene 4 Theme: Appearance vs Reality-Context: after Macbeth is named Thane of Cawdor-Role of King given to Malcolm not MacbethPoint 1: Juxtaposition-Metaphor: Duncan: ‘I have begun to plant thee, and will labour to make thee full of evil.’-Macbeth: ‘That is a step, On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, For it lies in my way’-juxtaposition between Macbeth and Duncan-Duncan thinks of his role of a gardener, harvesting-Compared to Macbeth, who thinks only of killing, how he can become king -Duncan’s outwards shows of good, are real -However, Macbeths outward shows are false-Portrays theme of appearance vs reality -Malcolm is named KingPraise of Duncan for Macbeth ‘but signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine On all deservers-From hence to Inverness, and bind us further to you-Here laments Macbeth as hero ‘signs of nobleness’-Contrast with Macbeths personal thoughts (aside)-‘Stars hide your fire , let not light see my black and deep desires-Juxtaposition of Duncan’s ‘like stars, shall shine’ and Macbeths ‘stars hide your fire-Strengthens theme of appearance vs reality, contrast between Macbeth and Duncan’s internal and external conflictsPoint 2: Irony-Irony throughout play highlights theme of appearance vs reality, public and personal shows of Macbeth-Dramatic irony at beginning of extract, Duncan comments on how outward shows cannot be trusted, Macbeth enters room-‘Wanton in fullness, seek to hide themselves In drops of sorrow.-Dramatic irony, old King weeping for joy for Macbeth, and Macbeths contemplation to kill King Duncan in earlier scenes-Connection to appearance vs reality, contrast in Duncan’s perspective of Macbeths, to Macbeths real intentions.Conclusion: Points support theme of appearance vs reality-juxtaposition of Macbeth vs Duncan, Macbeth appears good, but has evil intentions-Where else Duncan is truly a good man-Here Shakespeare portrays a major theme throughout the play, of appearance vs reality-He reveals to readers that humans are often choose to hide their true intentions/beliefs, in order to get what they want-Portrayed by contrast between Macbeth’s outward shows of an honourable warrior compared to his true intentions to murder Duncan
Act 1 Scene 5 (Mock) Context: The scene occurs after Macbeth is sent to prepare for King Duncan’s arrival-Lady Macbeth is reading a letter from Macbeth, describing his prophecy to become King-Lady Macbeth makes the crucial decision to influence Macbeth to become KingTheme: Foreshadows to the motif in the early parts of the play, Macbeth’s need for a person to influence him to commit an act of violence-Shakespeare, uses the characterisation of Lady Macbeth, to subtly reveal that humans often choose to use their position of trust, to influence others to commit acts of violence. -Point 1: Structure-‘This I have thought good to deliver thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou might not lose the dues of rejoicing’-Here scene begins by Macbeths revealing his relationship with Lady Macbeth-‘My dearest partner of greatness’ the positive connotations in the way Macbeths highlights his relationship of trust with Lady Macbeth, so much so he is willing to share the prophecy with her-However, Lady Macbeth says ‘Yet do I fear thy nature; it is too full o’ the milk of human kindness’-Lady Macbeths metaphor of human kindness to milk, in Macbeth, underscores her belief that Macbeth is to ‘gentle/kind’ to murder Duncan, -Lady Macbeth decides ‘That I may pour my spirits in thine ear; and chastise with the valour of my tongue’ the personification of her ‘pouring’ her spirits into his ear, represents her intention to influence, manipulate Macbeth to murder King Duncan.-Foreshadows to later scenes in which Lady Macbeth will convince Macbeth to commit this act of violence in order to become king-Thus, Structure allows Shakespeare to portray Macbeth’s dependency on Lady Macbeth, and their close relationship, this is important as Macbeth will rely heavily on Lady Macbeth as he prepares to murder King Duncan Point 2: Anit-thesis-The antithesis throughout this scene is portrayed in Lady Macbeths reaction to Macbeth’s letter -Lady Macbeth says ‘Art not without ambition, but without the illness should attend it’-The antithesis is revealed, Lady Macbeth is saying that Macbeth wants to be powerful, but is not willing to commit acts of violence.-She continues by saying ‘That wouldst thou holily, wouldst not play false, here she mentions that Macbeth wants to be king, she knows he want to remain a good person-Lastly she concludes, by saying ‘Thus thou must do, if thou have it; And that which rather thou dost fear to do-Here lady Macbeth reveals Macbeths true reluctance to use violence to become King, she is saying, that although Macbeth greatly want to be king, he is unwilling to what it takes, he would rather someone else do it.-Thus, antithesis of Macbeths ambition and unwillingness to commit violence, characterisation, strengthens the theme portrayed through structure, as mentioned before-Again foreshadows to Macbeths dependency on Lady Macbeth leading up to Kind Duncan’s murderConclusion:-The points mentioned allow Shakespeare to portray to viewers not only the relationship of trust between Lady Macbeth and Macbeth, but also foreshadows to the influence she will have over Macbeth-This common motif throughout early sections of the play, reveals the theme that humans can be easily influenced by those they trust, to commit acts of violence, as Macbeth will later do himself.
Act 1 Scene 7 (Mock) Context: This scene occurs after Lady Macbeth and Macbeth plot to murder Duncan -He begins to have doubts of the plan’s successfulness, and confronts his wife-In earlier sections of the play, Act 1 Scene 5, Shakespeare foreshadows to the influence Lady Macbeth will have over Macbeth’s decision to murder Kind Duncan, her influence, almost manipulation of Macbeth is revealed in this scene-Through the characterisation of Lady Macbeth and MacbethTheme: Through this scene Shakespeare reveals that often, Humans can be easily influenced by those they trust to commit acts of violence-As Macbeth will be in this scene.Point 1: Tone-Lady Macbeth’s tone throughout the play is a commanding almost taunting tone, used to urge Macbeth to murder King Duncan-‘What beast was’t then, that made you break this enterprise to me? -Shakespeare begins the first stanza with Lady Macbeth utilising a demanding, commanding tone, demanding Macbeth explain his sudden fear-The purpose of this is to portray Lady Macbeth immediately as the dominant figure in this relationship, hence Macbeth approaches her with his fears-Lady Macbeth then says ‘And to be more than what you were, you would be so much more the man’-Almost immediately Lady Macbeth’s tone changes to one of taunting, to urge Macbeth to murder King Duncan, as he will become much greater for it, become King-The use of a taunting tone is also used at the start of stanza 2, Lady Macbeth exclaims “We Fail! But screw your courage to the sticking place, and we’ll not fail’ Again repetition of Macbeth’s lack of courage, not enough of a man, highlights Lady Macbeths attempt to influence Macbeth to murder King Duncan -Superior tone is again used to reassure Macbeth, -‘Who dares receive it other, as we shall make our griefs and clamour roar upon his death.’-Lady Macbeth uses a commanding tone to reassure Macbeth that all will be fine, again intending to influence him to murder Duncan.-Characterisation of Lady Macbeth as a manipulator, influencing Macbeth to commit and act of violence-Portrays that humans are can be easily manipulated by those they trust to commit acts of violence.Point 2: Metaphor -Shakespeare also utilises imagery to portray Lady Macbeth’s attempt to influence Macbeth.-For example the imagery in ‘I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have pluck’d my nipple from his boneless gums, and dash’d the brains out, had I so sworn as you Have done to this.’-This gruesome imagery, is used by Lady Macbeth to highlight the importance of Macbeth’s commitment to their plan-Using this imagery as a metaphor of her own willingness to sacrifice her baby if she promised to, Lady Macbeth compels Macbeth to carry out the plan, as he swore to do it-When Lady Macbeth reveals her plan to Macbeth, she again uses metaphors to reassure him of the plan-‘That memory, the warder of the brain, Shall be a fume, and the receipt of reason, A limbeck only’-The purpose of these metaphors, comparing is to emphasise to Macbeth the safety of the plan to murder King Duncan, and therefore further influence him to commit the act of murder.-Here Macbeth is portrayed as a better character to audience, contrasts with Macbeth character in the later parts of the play-Hence, characterisation of Macbeth highlights the extent to which Lady Macbeth is able to influence Macbeth. Conclusion: -Therefore these points serve to allow Shakespeare to portray the extent to which Lady Macbeth is able to influence Macbeth to commit an act of violence, that he was originally unsure of.-So much so that he eventually is committed to murdering Macbeth, ‘I am settled, and bend up’ -Thus, Shakespeare reveals that it is easy for Humans to be influenced by those they trust, even to the extent they are willing to commit acts of violence
Act 2 Scene 1 Context: -One of the most famous scenes in Macbeth, and has been the focus of academic debates for decades-More importantly, this powerful scenes provides a startling insight into the mind of a murderer-The scene is set late after midnight, and more importantly the grim setting is described as a night where ‘the candles of heaven are out’ there are no stars-Pathetic fallacy represents grim mood, foreshadows to the negative connotations within the scene -Scene occurs when Macbeth is approaching Duncan’s bedchamber-During which he meets Banquo and Fleance, Banquo who which mentions to Macbeth he has been dreaming of the witches-Banquo asserts his allegiance to Duncan, and bids Macbeth goodnight-Thereafter, Macbeth experience an extraordinary soliloquy, that highlights the conflict between Macbeth’s ambition and his conscienceTheme: Vaulting ambition, the extent to which Macbeth’s ambition has changed his morality.Point 1: Symbolism-Dagger is Manifestation of Macbeths ambition, allows the audience to understand Macbeth’s internal conflict-Line 1: Is this a dagger which I see before me? -Macbeth’s soliloquy opens with a vivid image of a dagger before Macbeth, -Line 2: Macbeth says ‘Come let me clutch thee’-The immediate eagerness of Macbeth desire to take the dagger, is highlighted in words Let me, demonstrates his vaulting ambition, his desire to be King, symbolised by his desire for the Dagger-However Macbeth is conflictedline 4 ‘Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight’ -Macbeth questions if the dagger is real, in reality he is speaking to his ambition, he questions if his ambition is strong enough to force him to murder macbeth-Macbeth mind is torn, this conflict is again apparent when Macbeth says ‘A dagger of the mind, a false creation-Macbeth still remains hesitant, phrase ‘false creation’ implies that part of Macbeth is still reluctant to murder Duncan, thus, he does not want to believe this evil part of his ambition exists-This continues when Macbeth says ‘Thou marshall’st me the way that I was going’ -The knife points towards Duncan, here the manifestation of the knife as Macbeth’s inner ambition is fully revealed, allowing the audience to better understand Macbeth’s inner conflict between his ambition and conscience – Furthermore, Macbeths vision of blood on the dagger ‘And on thy blade and dungeon gouts of blood-Bloody dagger symbolises the evil intentions of Macbeth’s ambition, and highlights the dramatic violent change in character he must undergo in order to full-fill his ambition. Thus, the symbolism of the dagger in this extract allows Shakespeare to provide the audience with a deeper insight into Macbeth’s internal conflict, and the extent to which his ambition drives him.Point 2: Personification-The early parts of the extract portrays Macbeth’s conflicted state of mind, between his ambition to be king, and his conscience, morality-However, near the end of the extract, Macbeth gives into ambition, this is portrayed in Macbeth’s personification of murder -Alarum’d by his sentinel……moves like a ghost (lines 20-22)-Here personification of murder moving towards Duncan, stealthy pace, moves like a ghost-Implies that Macbeth is now imagining/readying himself to murder Duncan, giving himself strength to fulfill his ambition. -Furthermore, use of name Tarquin, alludes to the roman tyrant Tarquin who raped his friend’s wife.-Thus, this allusion, highlights that Macbeth is aware of his betrayal, this evil act he will commit towards Kind Duncan, however, he is now willing to commit this act, for the sake of his ambition-Therefore, personification of Murder using Tarquin’s strides, underscores his attempt to prepare himself for the murder, by imagining the actions he must now commit.-furthermore, the use of the stage direction of a bell ringing, lines 29: highlights the the finality of Macbeth’s decision, he will now murder Duncan, and more importantly signifies an important turning point in the character of Macbeth, transitioning into a character of evil, malicious intent.Conclusion:-Therefore, Macbeths powerful internal battle portrayed in this scene, provides the audience with an understanding of the extent to which his ambition, symbolised by the dagger, is able to corrupt and transform Macbeth. -Up to this point, Macbeth is portrayed as somewhat unwilling to commit acts of violence, despite Lady Macbeths’ encouragement and his own ambition. Thus, audiences were able to sympathise with Macbeth as a character torn between ambition and a good conscience.-However, this is a turning point within the play, in which Macbeth succumbs entirely to his ambition, and undergoes a dramatic change in character, to a person driven solely by ambition, and acts of violence-Thus, Shakespeare is able to use this powerful scene to highlight the theme of vaulting ambition-And to possibly warn the audience against the extent to which their ambition can warp or completely change their conscience, their morality.
Act 3 Scene 1 Context: Macbeth plans to murder Banquo, -Macbeth is become increasingly more unsatisfied with his role as King.-Macbeths soliloquy in this extract portrays to readers Macbeths vaulting ambition, and the extent to which his ambition has twisted his mind and morals, so much so that he is willing to murder his friend, Banquo, -Macbeths fear that he will lose his kingship, is apparent throughout the extract, and this important shift in character highlights how Macbeth’s ambition has corrupted his mindTheme: Vaulting ambition, reveals to the audience how the ambition of Humans can corrupt both their morals and consciencePoint 1: Antihesis-Macbeth opening phrase line 1 to 2, ‘to be thus is nothing, But to be safely thus’-The antithesis that Macbeth being King is nothing if he cannot be safely king highlights the dissatisfaction/profound fear Macbeth experiences, his over ambitiousnous-The fact that Macbeth is King, yet believes he is nothing further emphasises how his ambition has affected his state of mindPoint 2: Repetition-Repetition of fear, in lines 2, lines 4, lines 8,-as well as repetition of them, they in lines 10-15-Portrays to the audience Macbeths paranoia, his state of mind, Macbeth the connotations of the word, them, they, classifies Banquo, and his children as outsiders, a threat to Macbeth-For example in line 14-16, Macbeth says thence to be wrench’d with an unlineal hand-The negative harsh diction of wrench’d, underscores Macbeth fears that his Kingship will be taken from him, by force, by Banquo’s children-Furthermore, phrase of barren, fruitless crown highlights Macbeth heightened fear, as he has no children, no heir.-The purpose to portray Macbeth’s ambition, and this ambition has driven him to paranoia, his constant fear of threats to his Kingship Point 3: Allusion-Allusion to the infamous Mark Antony, in lines 9-10, provides further insight into Macbeths state of mind. -Mark Antony, who was told by soothsayer he was not strong enough to oppose Caesar, before being betrayed and murdered Octavius Caesar during the Roman Empire.-Similar to Macbeth who was told he will lose his Kingship to Banquo’s children -Thus, lines 9-10 reveals that Macbeth views himself as Mark Antony, a great powerful leader, while he views Banquo as Caesar, a threat to his ambition, therefore, Macbeth justifies murdering Banquo as he views him as a threat to his greatness, legacy, views himself as a good person, -Macbeths ambition has caused him to deceive himself, to justify his action of murderConclusion: Characterisation of Macbeth in this extract as over-ambitious, driven almost to paranoia, from his fear that he will lose his kingship.-Contrast with the noble, brave man he was-Foreshadows to later scenes in the play, in which Macbeth ambition will create a constant fear and madness within Macbeth, that allows him to justify any violence in order to protect himself as king-Shakespeare reveals the theme that life
Act 3 Scene 2 Context: This extract occurs when Lady Macbeth confronts Macbeth, after Macbeth plans to murder Banquo-The extract draws significant connections to Macbeth’s much earlier confrontation with Lady Macbeth, when he is reluctant to murder Duncan-However, this extract makes also purposely makes a jarring contrast with that scene, as Macbeths characterisation between the two scenes has completely changed.-In this scene Macbeth’s character has transformed into one driven totally by ambition, creating a consuming irrational fear within him, it this fear, that causes him to descend into a frenzied madness, in which he sees everything as a threat to his kingship, his power.Theme: The theme of vaulting ambition is portrayed by Shakespeare to highlight how humans can easily be completely consumed by their ambition.Point 1: Metaphor-Macbeth’s state of mind, is revealed in lines 6-8-Here Macbeth compares the murder of Banquo to a scorched, but not killed snake.-The connotation of snake, bears negative connotations, represents evil, wickedness, thus highlights that Macbeth justifies his murder of Duncan, by believing him as evil, a threat to his ambition, power, rule-Thus he view himself as good, righteous, an enemy of the snake-Furthermore, the significance of lines 7-8, highlights that the survival of Banquo still torments Macbeth, as he believe he is a threat to his power-Macbeth plans to murder Banquo-Metaphor is again used in lines 31, in which Macbeth compares his state of mind to scorpions-This metaphor highlights Macbeth’s paranoia his state of mind, in which all he thinks of is threats to his rule as King-Furthermore, use metaphor of scorpions, a type of poisonous insect, this characterises Macbeth as a character consumed by evil thoughts-Therefore, this metaphor underscores how Macbeth’s ambition has affected his character-His ambition has warped his morality and personality, so much so that he is now becoming fully consumed by his ambition, desire for complete power, that he is able to justify any act of violence, even betraying and murdering his original friend BanquoPoint 2: Imagery-In lines 43-46, Macbeth creates the vivid imagery in audiences of a bond being torn to pieces with a bloody hand.-Here, the startling imagery of a bloody hand tearing to pieces a great bond, reveals Macbeth’s intention to not only betray Banquo, but to murder him, simply for the sake of his ambition.-The negative connotations in cancel and tear, further emphasises the violent means in which Macbeth intends to murder Banquo-Loyalty, friendship begins to lose meaning for Macbeth, in comparison with his ambition, desire for absolute power-This is also portrayed in line 41, in which Macbeth chooses not to confide his plan to Lady Macbeth-Here, Shakespeare contrasts this scene with an earlier scene, in which Macbeth’s confides his fears of murdering Duncan to Lady Macbeth-This close relationship has been lost, just as Macbeth’s friendship with Banquo no longer means anything, Macbeth’s relationship with Lady Macbeth begins to lose meaning for himConclusion:-Macbeth’s ambition has begun to force him to become something he was not before-Macbeth’s characterisation in this scene portrays that it is his ambition, obsession with absolute power that allows him to justify any means to consolidate his role as king, even to the extent that he betrays and murder his former friend Banquo based on a fear that his rule will be taken from him-Thus, Shakespeare uses this extract to provide the reader with further insight into Macbeth’s descend into madness, fuelled by ambition. -The purpose of this insight, is likely to warn the audience of their own ambition, and not to lose sight of their morality, for the sake of their ambition-This message is consolidated in the ending scenes of the play, in which Macbeth reflects on his ambition, and realises that it has brought him only grief, and ultimately death.
Act 5 Scene 5 Context: This ending scene occurs with Macbeth and Seyton, in which they prepare for the final battle against Macduff and Malcolm-This is one of the most powerful scenes of the play, and one of the last few scenes in which the audience is able to glimpse Macbeth’s state of mind before his death-It is important to note that in the scenes leading up to this scene, Macbeth to characterised as someone fully consumed by ambition, and the drive for absolute power-So much so that friendship and relationship begin to lose meaning for MacbethTheme: Provides the reader with the insight, that often humans are easily fully consumed, on accumulating power, wealth, that they lose sight of their relationships, friendship and morality.-Just as Macbeth has throughout the playPoint 1: Tone-The juxtaposition of tone of Macbeth between earlier part of the scene, and later parts, allows Shakespeare to portray Macbeth’s realisation that his ambition has brought him only grief, -Tone in first stanza is a boastful, defiant tone, highlighted in line 2-3, ‘They come; our castle’s strength, will laugh’-The use of a boastful tone, reflects the connotations of confidence in Macbeths diction, of ‘will laugh’ -Macbeth’s boastful, defiant tone is further emphasised in his curse in line 4, on the attackers of the castle-Thus, this defiant tone demonstrates that Macbeth remains confident, his ambition still deceives him to believe he can remain in control of his power.-However, stage direction in line 8, signifies a dramatic change in Macbeth’s tone-The shriek of a woman, is followed by an tone of unconcerned, unbothered reaction, by Macbeth, in lines 12-16, for example Macbeth says ‘Cannot once start me’, nothing concerns him anymore-Dramatic Irony, as Macbeth lack of concern is actually for the death of his wife, who was the cause of the scream, foreshadows to the later part of the scene, in which Macbeth shows complete lack of concern for the death of his wife.-This lack of concern, is highlighted in Macbeths tone, when he hears of Lady Macbeth’s death-Tone is first evident in line 20, and in line 22-23, Macbeth tone in She should have died hereafter, line 19, is one unbothered, even possibly annoyed by her untimely death, he shows complete lack of emotion towards Lady Macbeth’s death,furthermore in line 22-23, in which Macbeth repeats the word, to-morrow, and day, in a seemingly tired, broken tone.This choice of tone, allows the audience to understand that Macbeth now feels that life has no meaning, just as his relationship with Lady Macbeth no longer has any meaning. Therefore, the contrast in tone, from the beginning of the extract to the end, allows the audience to understand that Macbeth is slowly coming to the realisation that the drive to fullfil his ambition, has brought him nothing, only grief, thus he no longer cares what happens to him.Point 2: Metaphor-Macbeth’s realisation his ambition has brought him only grief, becomes glaringly apparent in his final short soliloquy, in the final stanza -Here, in lines 25-30, Macbeth compares life to a candle, and to an actor on a stage. -In his comparison of life to a candle, the diction of out, out and brief, highlights that Macbeth has lost hope in life, he no longer sees any point in living.-Furthermore, the metaphor of life as an actor, in lines 26-30, portrays Macbeths realisation that his ambition has brought no happiness, no joy in his life-The diction in, ‘struts’ and ‘frets’, demonstrates Macbeth’s reflection on his own life.-‘Struts and frets, this diction is used to describe useless, pointless action, and reflects Macbeth’s own realisation that his own actions, everything he has done to fullfill his ambition was pointless, as his obsession with power/control, has not bring him the happiness, joy or security he thought it would-Furthermore, Macbeth concludes in line 29-30, that life signifies nothing, despite all the sound and fury within it-This powerful conclusion completes Macbeths reflection on his life-that despite all the drastic, violent actions, everything he has done to become King, it now all means nothing to him, he realises it has brought him only grief, and left him completely alone.Point 3: Pun-The possible pun in the name of the character Seyton, possibly relates to the afterlife, in which humans are judged on their human life, and where Seyton is the devil, punisher of wicked souls-Therefore, Macbeths soliloquy after Seyton brings Macbeth news of his wife’s death, further strengthens Macbeth reflection on the meaning of his life, how will he be judged in death, furthermore, this connects to earlier sections in the play, in which Macbeth is willing says he is willing to forsake his life in the afterlife, for the sake of his ambition.Conclusion: In conclusion, Macbeths shift in tone, coupled with his sad ending soliloquy, allows Shakespeare to ultimately invoke a feeling of sympathy within the audience. Macbeths powerful revelation that life no longer has meaning for him, ultimately allows the reader to connect with Macbeth on an emotional level, and to be able to understand, that he now realises his obsession with his ambition, has caused him only grief, and sadness, even to the extent that his relationship with lady Macbeth now has no meaning for him- Therefore, Shakespeare creates this emotional connection likely to warn the audience not to become consumed by their ambition, as it may cause them to lose sight of what should make them truly happy, their relationship or friendships, and thus, cause them to lose the true meaning of life.

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