Macbeth Notes Act II

What is a soliloquy? a speech a character gives alone on stage
Who says this and what theme is it?”Is this a dagger that I see in front of me” MacbethAppearance vs. Reality
What opens Macbeth’s soliloquy? A rhetorical question
What does Macbeth question during this soliloquy? He questions his senses
What are the two allusions in Mabeth’s soliloquy? 1. Allusion to Hecate (goddess of magic and witchcraft): “now witchcraft celebrate Pale Hecate’s off’rings”2. Allusion to King Tarquin (A man who gained the thrown by murdering his family members): “and withered Murder, alarumed by his sentinel, the wolf, whose howl’s his watch, thus with his stealthy pace, with Tarquin’s ravishing strides, towards his design moves like a ghost”
According to Macbeth, what happens at night? (4) 1. Nature seems dead throughout half the world.2. Wicked dreams scare those who sleep.3. Witches are offering sacrifices to their goddess Hecate.4. Withered Murder is awakened by the howls of his watchdog, the wolf, and moves silently (like King Tarquin) toward his victim.
In Macbeth’s soliloquy, he “talks” to the earth. What does he say? Why should he expect nature to be influenced by the actions he has planned? Macbeth says, “You sure and solid earth, don’t listen to my steps, so their sound on the stones doesn’t show where I’m going or break the dreadful silence that suits my deed.” Macbeth probably believes nature represents goodness, so if nature “hears” him, then it (nature) will turn into badness. He doesn’t want that to happen; he doesn’t want nature to be negatively influenced by the horrendousness of his plan.
Explain the meaning of these five words in Macbeth’s soliloquy:”While I threat, he lives” Macbeth is kind of like, “While I rave this way, he goes on living.” Soon after Macbeth pulls out the dagger, he starts talking about evil and how he is going to commit a very bad thing. But these five words show that Macbeth realizes that instead of rambling on and threatening so much, he should just go and kill Duncan already.
Explain the meaning of these words in Macbeth’s soliloquy:”Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives” By talking so much, his courage to commit the murder is calming, or cooling. His words cool the heat of action.
What does the bell mean? It means Lady Macbeth has finished getting the guards drunk. It’s a signal that Macbeth may commit the murder now.
What is a dudgeon? the hilt of a sword
While Macbeth is busy murdering Duncan, Lady Macbeth is alone in their chamber. What noise does she keep hearing? An owl’s shriek
What are the two sympathetic lines from Lady Macbeth? 1. “Had he not resembled my father as he slept, I had done’t.”2. “My hands are of your colour; but I shame to wear a heart so white.”
Macbeth is never going to sleep again because… Duncan’s guards saw Macbeth about to kill Duncan. So, they cursed him so he can NEVER sleep again.
Who says this and why?Still it cried ‘Sleep no more!’ to all the house: ‘Glamis hath murdered sleep, and therefore Cawdor shall sleep no more: Macbeth shall sleep no more!’ Macbeth. He is yelling this because he is super distressed about being cursed by the guards. Duncan’s guards saw Macbeth about to kill Duncan. So, they cursed him so he can NEVER sleep again.
What are the sleep metaphors that Macbeth uses in his rant about sleep? (6) 1. Sleep that knits up the ravelled sleave of care2. the death of each day’s life3. sore labor’s bath4. balm of hurt minds5. great Nature’s second course6. Chief nourisher in life’s feast
* Sleep MetaphorWhat does this mean?”Sleep that knits up the ravelled sleave of care” Sleep that untangles the knots of our worries
* Sleep MetaphorWhat does this mean?”the death of each day’s life” Sleep that puts each day to rest
* Sleep MetaphorWhat does this mean?”sore labor’s bath” A soothing rest from work
* Sleep MetaphorWhat does this mean?”balm of hurt minds” healing for sick minds
*Sleep MetaphorWhat does this mean?”great Nature’s second course” the second thing necessary to survive* Nature’s first course/ first necessary thing to survive: food and water
* Sleep MetaphorWhat does this mean?”Chief nourisher in life’s feast” the main course in life’s feast
Who says this and why?”Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood clean from my hand? No; this my hand will rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine, making the green one red.” Macbeth.He says this because he believes that his hands are so bloody, that if he washed them in the green ocean, the seas would turn “incarnadine” (or red). He is saying this out of GUILT.Translation:Would all the water in the great sea god’s ocean wash this blood clean from my hand? No, my hand would instead turn the many seas bloody, making their green waters all red.
Who keeps knocking on the castle door? Macduff and Lennox
Who says this and why?”Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would thou couldst!” Macbeth. He says this because he regrets killing Duncan. Translated: “Wake Duncan with your knocking! I wish you could!”
What are the three reasons the play provides The Porter Scene? 1. Comic relief2. Part for Comedian3. Heightens suspense
Who is the porter pretending to be? He is pretending to be the porter of hell who lets in sinners.
What is the porter doing? he is alluding to Macbeth’s sins.
Which three people did the Porter let into hell? 1. suicidal farmer2. equivocator3. tailor
* Porter sceneWhy did the farmer kill himself? because he got sad that the crop prices fell
* Porter sceneWhy was the equivocator sent to hell? Well, he was a man who lied all the time. When he died, he tried lying his way into Heaven. But he found out that you can’t lie to God, and now he’s going to hell for it!
* Porter sceneWhy was the tailor sent to hell? because he kept stealing cloth even when pants got tight.
According to the porter, what three things does drinking cause? 1. red noses2. sleep (more like sex; gives you the desire but no performance)3. urine
Who discovers that Duncan has been killed? Macduff
Who has small talk with Macbeth while Macduff goes to the King’s chamber? Lennox
After Duncan’s death, Macbeth says to Malcolm and Donalbain:The spring, the head, the fountain of your blood is stopped; the very source of it is stopped.”What does Macbeth mean? The source from which your royal blood comes has been stopped.
Malcolm and Donalbain flee so no one can kill them. Where does Malcolm flee to and Donalbain flee to? Malcolm to England. Donalbain to Ireland.
Who says this, what does it mean, and what theme does it fall under?”Where we are, there’s daggers in men’s smiles.” Donalbain. Meaning: Wherever we go, men will smile at us while hiding daggers.Theme: Appearance vs. Reality
Who does Donalbain think is most likely to murder them? He believes their closest relatives are the ones most likely to murder them.
What are some unnatural things that occurred the night of Duncan’s murder? 1. An owl that hunts mice actually hunted a falcon this time and killed it.2. Horses eating horses
Who is not going to Macbeth’s inauguration? Macduff
Who said this, what does it mean, and what theme does it fall under?”God’s benison go with you, and with those that would make good of bad and friends of foes! Old man. Meaning: May God’s blessing go with you and with all who turn bad into good, and enemies into friends!Theme: Equivocation

You Might Also Like