Macbeth- Lit Terms

Prologue Intro to a play, literary work, or musical (not existent in Macbeth)
Paradox A seemingly contradictory statement that when analyzed, actually makes sense (“life after death”, “I know that I know nothing at all”, “Opposite Day”)
Malapropism The mistaken use of a word in place of a similar sounding word- often done to sound smarter than they are (“dance the flamingo”) versus “dance the flamenco”)
Allusion A figure of speech that refers to a well-known story, historical event, or person (“he was a real Romeo with the ladies”, “chocolate was her Achilles heel”
Sonnet A poem with fourteen lines, with a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg, with a rhyming couplet that either supports or contradicts the meaning of the sonnet
External conflict The struggle between a literary or dramatic character and an outside force (Woody and Buzz)
Internal conflict A struggle a character was within himself (Tangled)
Comic relief Comic episodes in a serious work that are meant to break tension (Mulan- Mushu)
Oxymoron A figure of speech in which two seemingly contradictory words are combined (jumbo shrimp, heavy lightness) not the same as a paradox (2 words versus a statement)
Hyperbole Exaggerated statements or claims that are not mean to be taken literally (“I’m starving”)
Foreshadowing Hinting at future events
Personification Giving human qualities to an inhuman object
Pun A joke exploring the two possible meanings of a word or the fact that is has two different meanings (“the buns in the oven” pregnant or cooking)
Subtext The underlying meaning beneath the dialogue, what the speaker really means that he is not saying directly
Soliloquy When a character speaks alone on stage in a long speech and no one else hears
Monologue A long speech made by a character in a play that other people hear
Dramatic irony The audience or reader is aware of facts or events that the characters are not (horror movies)

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