Macbeth lines

Witches- everything is not always as it seems; appearance v. reality I: i: 10–Fair is foul, and foul is fair; Hover through the fog and filthy air
Shows Macbeth’s brutal side, even while he is fighting as a loyal general for Duncan, distinguishing himself in battle. His brutal side may be defensible in battle, but it may also show a brutality whose bounds coincide only with Macbeth’s ambition (Captain speaking; identity not relevant) I: ii: 19-23–Like valour’s minion carved out his passage til he faces the slave; Which ne’er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him, Till he unseam’d him from the navel to the chaps, and fix’d head upon our battlements
Macbeth- shows his connection to the witches and presages his duplicitous nature, appearing deliberately to be what he not I: iii:38–So foul and fair a day I have not seen
Banquo is warning Macbeth not to listen too closely to the witches or to allows them to influence his actions. Banquo is beginning to suspect Macbeth’s ambition I: iii: 120-127–That trusted home might yet enkindle you unto the crown, besides the than of Candor. But ’tis strange; and oftentimes, to win us to our harm, the instruments of darkness tell us truths, win us with honest trifles, to betray’s in deepest consequence. Cousins a word I pray you
Macbeth has already thought about murdering Duncan, though he has done nothing to advance his idea. His murderous thoughts are unnatural; a subject does not commit treason against his king I: iii: 137-142–against the use of nature? Present fears are less than horrible imaginings; my thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, shakes so my single state of man that function is smother’d in surmise, and nothing is but what is not
Duncan- irony- he says this about the traitor, the Thane of Candor, but it applies also to Macbeth, who is the new Thane of Cawdor I: IV: 11-14–there’s no art to find the mind’s construction in the face; he was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust
Lady Macbeth appeals to the powers of darkness to take away her feminine softness and compassion and fill her instead with cruelty and the ability to kill Duncan and to ask the act in darkness. The idea of darkness as evil begins to show as a theme in the descent of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth I: V: 40-54–under my battlements. come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, index me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty! Make thick my blood; stop up the access and passage to remorse, that no compunctious visitings of nature shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between the effect and it! come to my woman’s breast and take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers, wherever in your sightless substances you wait on nature’s mischief! come thick night and pall the in the dunnest smoke of hell, that my keen knife see not the wound It makes nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark to cry ‘hold, hold!’
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth-discussing when Duncan will come and unknowingly be killed. Macbeth does not plan to kill him that night and says that Duncan will leave the next day as planned, but Lady Macbeth has other plans. Macbeth has no idea of killing Duncan in their home, but Lady Macbeth is beginning to push Macbeth and bend him to her will, murdering Duncan the night he visits I: V: 59-60–my dearest love Duncan comes here to-night LADY MACBETHAnd when goes hence?MACBETHTo- morrow, as he purposes
Macbeth- Macbeth is giving the reasons that he should not kill Duncan, at least while he is in Macbeth’s castle. He shows that he still debating and that he still has a sense of obligation and loyalty to Duncan as well as some compassion I: vii: 12-16–First as I am his kinsmen and his subject strong both against the deed; then as his host who should against his murder shut the door not bear the knife myself
Lady Macbeth reveals her cruel nature and shows how strong her commitment is- she would dash her own baby’s brains out if she has sworn to do so. However, she falsely states that Macbeth has sworn to kill Duncan. She is goading Macbeth to do what she wants, not what he thinks is necessary I: Vii: 54-59–I have given suck, and know how tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me; I would while it was smiling in my face, have pluck’d my nipple from his boneless gums and dash’s the brains out had I so sworn as you have done to this
Macbeth reveals to Banquo and the audience that the witches have begun to control his thoughts. Note that Macbeth is lying to Banquo II: I 20-22–I dreamt last night of the three weird sisters; to you they have show’d some truth MACBETH I think not of them yet when we can entreat an hour to serve we would spend It in some words upon that business if you would grant the time
Macbeth-Macbeth is thinking about the murder and sees and imaginary dagger hanging in the air, encouraging him to murder Duncan. He is beginning to lose touch with reality, and he has difficulty in discerning whether this dagger is real or not II: i: 33-34–is this a dagger which I see before me the handle toward my hand? Come let me clutch thee
Lady Macbeth- she would have killed Duncan herself if he had not resembled her own father–she has some feelings still, despite her willingness to be involved in the murder. She is beginning to confuse reality (this is Duncan) and imagination (Duncan reminds her of her father), and she also shows a break in her determination to do the deed. This is a sign of compassion, however small it may be, that will eventually cause her total breakdown and suicide II: ii: 11-13–confounds us hark! I laid their daggers ready he could not miss’em has he not resembled my father as he slept I had done’t
Macbeth feels regret for the murder and wishes he could pray, but can’t because he has committed a mortal sin that he immediately regrets. He wants the blessing that he has made impossible II: ii: 30-32–but whetherfore could not I pronounce ‘amen? I had most need of blessing, and ‘amen stuck in my troat
Macbeth shows the pain of knowing that he will have nightmares about the murder for the rest of his life, and talks about how necessary sleep is to stay sane. His sleeplessness will also contribute to his emotional self-destruction II: ii: 35-36–Macbeth does murder sleep’ the innocent sleep sleep the knits up the ravell’d sleeve of care
Macbeth cannot even bring himself to think about what he has done, and he is unable to go back into the room to put the daggers by the guards. He still realizes the horror of what he has done and is not as jaded to death as he will become at the end of the play. He is filled with deep regret. II: ii: 49-51–ill go no more; I am afraid to think what I have done look on’t again I dare not
Macduff (identity not relevant) talks to the porter at the beginning of the comic-relief section. The fact that this one begins the Porter’s comics-relief section is the important point of this line II: iii: 24-26–was it so late friend ere you went to bed that you do lie so late?
Lennox to Macbeth; theme: nature versus nature at war with itself. Not that Scotland rarely has severe storms, so a storm of this magnitude would have been unusual and unnatural in Scotland, even to this speaker who lived through so many typical storms II: iii: 55-62–the night has been unruly; where we lay our chimneys were blown down and as they say lamenting heard I’ the air strange screams of death and prophesying with accents terrible of dire combustion and confused events new hatch’d to the woeful time the obscure bird clamour’d the livelong night some say the earth was feverous and did shake
Macbeth to Macduff; Macbeth goes on and on about his reasons for killing the guards, when an innocent man would have given a short, simple explanation (or said he couldn’t explain it). Macbeth is no longer in control of what he says, and he keeps talking when he should be quiet. He is revealing his guilt in talking so much II: iii: 109-118–who can be wise, amazed temperate and furious loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man the expedition my violent love outrun the paused reason her lay Duncan his silver skin laced with his golden blood and his gash’d stabs look’d like a breach in nature for ruin’s wasteful entrance; there the murderers steep’d in the colours of their trade their daggers unmannerly breech’d with gore who could refrain that has a heart to love and in that heart courage to make’s love known?
Ross to old man outside Macbeth’s castle; again, the unnatural events; nature at war with itself. Note that Duncan’s horses would have been the best in the country and the best-trained horses in the country. The horses are herbivores to begin with, not carnivores, so the cannibalism is even more striking and terrifying II: IV: 14-18–and Duncan’s horses-a thing most strange and certain-beauteous and swift, the minions of their race, turn’d wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out, contending ‘gainst obedience, as they would make war with mankind
Banquo does not think Macbeth took the throne in an honest way; he suspects that he murdered Duncan. He is not yet certain, but he is becoming certain III: I: 1-3–thou has it now king, candor, glamis all as the weird women promised and I fear thou play’dst most foully for’t
Banquo gives Macbeth an indirect answer as to how long he will be out because he does not want him to know what he is doing, but he does not want to lie III: i: 24-25–as far, my lord, as will fill up the time ‘twixt this and supper; go not my horse the better
Macbeth talks about his rise to power and his worries while he is on the throne but under some suspicion. The line echoes Lady Macbeth’s earlier reservations and foreshadows is paranoia. To end the paranoia, he will go on a killing spree III: i: 48–to be thus is nothing but to be safely thus—
Macbeth trying to convince murderers to kill Banquo; try had never thought of Banquo as an enemy or as having done anything against their best interests until Macbeth tried to convince them that Banquo was their enemy III: i: 113-115–both of you know Banquo was your enemy
Lady Macbeth is also uneasy as queen, knowing that she and Macbeth are under suspicion , and knowing that she can never be content or at peace with having the throne through murder. She would rather be dead than be queen under the circumstances as they are, in which she is miserable. III: ii: 4-5–nought’s had all’s spent where our desire is got without content
murderer doesn’t understand why Macbeth has sent another murderer; he thinks that Macbeth doesn’t think he can do what he’s supposed to and doesn’t realize that Macbeth doesn’t trust him III: iii: 3-5–he needs not our mistrust since he delivers our offices and what we have to do to the direction just
Macbeth to Lennox- he see’s Banquo’s ghost in his seat, so the table has no empty seats. Everyone else sees an empty seat but Macbeth sees no empty seats III: IV: 47–the table’s full LENNOXHere is a place reserved sir
Macbeth- Macbeth brings up Banquo even thought he is dead- his guilty conscience makes him tale about Banquo when silence would be more prudent. He also expresses the unwise wish that Banquo could be at the banquet, and he finds that Banquo is, in fact present for Macbeth III: IV: 90-94–I drink to the general joy o’ the whole table and to our dear friend Banquo whom we miss would he were here! To all and him we thirst and all to all
Macbeth has become convinced that he can and must know all that the witches know and he believes that all causes and interests must be secondary to his own. He is becoming such a megalomaniac that he believes that he is entitled to whatever is “for his good” III: IV: 134-137–I will tomorrow and bedtimes I will to the weird sisters more shall they speak for now I am bent to know by the worst means the worst for mine own good all causes shall give way
All witches; famous line as they prepare the nasty stew; no other real significance IV: I: 10-11–double double toil and trouble for burn and cauldron bubble
Second apparition (which apparition not relevant)- tricks Macbeth into thinking no man can kill him; he knows that Macduff was born by C-section and that Macbeth will not think about that (birth by surgeon) in connection with “no man born of woman) IV: I: 79-81–be bloody bold and resolute laugh to worn the power of man for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth
Malcolm to Macduff-Malcolm is testing Macduff’s loyalty to him by lying about his own frailties and moral weaknesses, all apparently invented expressly to test Macduff’s loyalty to Scotland and to Malcolm himself IV: iii: 101-103–id such a one be fit to govern speak I am as I have spoken
Malcolm and Macduff-Macduff is grieving over the deaths of his wife and children, and Malcolm tells him to fight rather than grieve. Macduff, thought, must grieve first. Notice how differently different people grieve IV: iii: 216-221–he has no children. All my pretty ones? Did you say all? Or hell-kite all? What all my pretty chickens and their dam at one fell swoop? MALCOLMDispute it like a anMACDUFFI shall do so but I must also feel it as a man
Doctor to Gentlewoman concerning Lady Macbeth’s sleep patterns; although she appealed to the powers of darkness before, now she can’t stand to be without a light. The light may signify her need for what is good rather for what is destructive, but it may also be ironic because she has descended so far that she is close to committing suicide. The candle may be the only “light” in her life v: I: 21-24–how cam she by that light? GENTLEWOMANWhy it stood by her she has light by her continually ’tis her command
Lady Macbeth admits to murder in her sleep; she is losing touch with reality and remembering the smell of the blood on her hands even so long after the murder. Her recollections are nightmarish but accurate, and they reflect her deep misgivings from the earliest time, even though she seldom showed any misgivings or weakness to anyone else v: I: 36-41–out damned spot! Out I say! One: two: why then ’tis time to do’t–hell is murky!–fie my lord fie! A soldier and afeard? What need we fear who knows it when none can call our power to account? –yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him
The doctor is aware of Lady Macbeth’s distress and is putting her on a suicide watch. He asks for forgiveness also because he is aware of her sin (as of his own) and knows that she has bloody secrets, as all people have secret transgressions. He’s are simply more serious and obvious at this point v: I: 76-77–god god forgive us all! look after her remove from her the means of all annoyance
Caithness and Angus (identities not crucial)- Macbeth cannot measure up to Duncan, and Macbeth is unable to keep his kingdom under his control except by fear. He is like the dwarf who has stolen the robe of someone much greater than he is emotionally, and Duncan’s robes hang loose on such a morally small man, and a thief at that v: ii: 15-20–he cannot buckle his distemper’d cause within the belt of ruleANGUSNow does he feel his secret murders sticking on his hands now minutely revolts upbraid his faith-breach; those he commands move only in command nothing in love now does he feel his title hang loose about him like a giant’s robe upon a dwarfism thief
Macbeth realizes that his choices mean that his old age, he will have none of what he would have chosen (friends, honor, love), but instead, will have the hatred of his people who are too afraid of him to curse to his face v:iii: 24-28–and that which should accompany old age as honour, love, obedience, troops of friends I must not look to have in their stead. Curses not loud but deep mouth-honour, breath which the poor heart would fain dent and dare not seyton!
Malcolm-the camouflage will make the forest seem to move, which will fulfill a prophecy the apparitions that Macbeth will be defeated when Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinan. Malcolm instructs them to cut branches to use as camouflage when approaching Dunsinane. v: IV:4-5 let every soldier hew him down a bough and bear’t before him
Macbeth about Lady Macbeth; he is grieving over her death, but moves on into a contemplation of the emptiness and meaninglessness of life. Notice how different his grieving is from Macduff’s grieving; Macbeth’s grief makes life seem totally empty, which Macduff’s grief impels him to grieve but then avenge the deaths of his wife and children v: v: 17-28–she should have died hereafter there would have been a time for such a word to-morrow and to-morrow and to-morrow creeps in this petty pace from day to day to the last syllable of recorded time and all our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death out out brief candle life’s but a walking shadow a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard no more it is a tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury signifying nothing
Macbeth is so brutal and debased now that he kills a young boy-no one will be left untouched now. He kills a child who could not reasonably have harmed him v: vii: 7-13–my name’s MacbethYOUNG SIWARDThe devil himself could not pronounce a title more hateful to mine earMACBETHNo nor more fearfulYOUNG SIWARDThou liest abhorred tyrant with my sword ill prove the lie thou speak’stThey fight and YOUNF SIWARD is slainMACBETHThou waste born of woman but swords I smile at weapons laugh to scorn brandish’d by man that’s of a women born
Macduff will kill Macbeth or no one, since only Macbeth has caused the deaths of his family, and their ghosts will haunt him if he does not kill Macbeth. He shows his true nature; he is not a killer but he will avenge the deaths of his family members, killing only Macbeth v: vii: 13-16–that way the noise is tyrant show they face if thou be’st slain and with no stroke of mine my wife and children’s ghosts will haunt e still I cannot strike at wretched kerns whose arms
Seward a soldier wants to know if his son died fighting or running v: viii: 46b–had he his hurts before?
The lords hail Malcolm as the rightful kind; they are happy Malcolm is king and Macbeth is now dead v: viii: 59b–hail king of Scotland
Malcolm-first words as king echo father’s words in praising rewarding those who served him v: viii: 60-64–we shall not spend a large expense of time before we reckon with your several loves and make us even with you. My thanes and kinsmen henceforth be earls the first that ever Scotland in such an honour named what’s more to do

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