Macbeth K.o

Sex male or female: determined by a doctor at birth based on genitalia.
Gender masculine or feminine: a set of culturally assigned behaviours traditionally expected of males or females
Regicide the action of killing a king
Hubris excessive pride or ego
Machellivan Cunning, scheming, and unscrupulous, especially in politics; “the end justifies the means”.
Dramatic irony the irony in a dramatic speech or situation that is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
Macbeth initially, Macbeth is presented to the Jacobean audience as a loyal servant to Duncan who kills a traitor and quashes a rebellion Macbeth is masculine on the battlefield, but conflicted, mentally weak and emasculated off the battlefield. He challenges traditional forms of authority by pursuing his ambition and committing regicide. Immediately after this, Macbeth experiences regret and then slowly descends into a paranoid and nihilistic madness before being killed by Macduff at the end of the play.
Lady Macbeth Early on in the play, Lady Macbeth is presented to the Jacobean audience as a powerful and ambitious woman who intends to make her husband king through regicide Lady Macbeth knows she is more masculine than her husband, and easily persuades him to kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth challenges traditional forms of authority by pursuing her ambition through Macbeth. Unlike her husband, initially, Lady Macbeth responds to the act of regicide calmly but later descends into guilt-filled madness.
Blood Once Macbeth and Lady Macbeth embark upon their murderous journey, blood comes to symbolize their guilt, and they begin to feel that their crimes have stained them in a way that cannot be washed clean. “Will, all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood / Clean from my hand?” Macbeth cries after he has killed Duncan, even as his wife scolds him and says that a little water will do the job Later, though, she comes to share his horrifying sense of being stained: “Out, damned spot; out, I say . . . who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?” she asks as she wanders through the halls of their castle near the close of the play Blood symbolizes the guilt that sits like a permanent stain on the consciences of both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, for defying the will of God.
The weather As in other Shakespearean tragedies, Macbeth’s grotesque murder spree is accompanied by a number of unnatural occurrences in the natural realm. From the thunder and lightning that accompany the witches’ appearances to the terrible storms that rage on the night of Duncan’s murder these reflect the cosmic significance of individual ambition overthrowing the traditional, God-given order of things.
Individual ambition versus allegiance to traditional forms of authority Shakespeare no doubt felt compelled to present Regicide negatively in order to win the new king’s favour. Yet, as a dramatist, he would also have been aware that the moments where characters wrestle with their ambition constitute perhaps the most interesting moments of the play. When Lady Macbeth asks the spirits to “unsex me here”; when Macbeth learns of her death – these include some of the most famous lines, containing some of the most forward-thinking ideas in all of literature. And so whilst Shakespeare portrays individual ambition as wrong, the most interesting moments for the audience come when the protagonists shake off traditional forms of authority and carve their own future as individuals. It is this tension – between the playwright and the drama he creates – that is perhaps the most interesting element of the play.
Context In Macbeth, Shakespeare presents the consequences of regicide negatively in order to please King James previously King of Scotland as likely the first play Shakespeare wrote under the new king’s reign. Shakespeare set Macbeth in King James’s native land and included witches in the opening scene to engage his new king He also chose to present regicide as an act against God with terrible consequences to impress King James I at a time when the new king felt vulnerable as of the gunpowder plot that happened in 1605; Macbeth was first performed in 1606 The Renaissance was a time when individuals began to challenge traditional forms of authority Shakespeare shows the consequences of this in a negative light in each of his tragedies.

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