Macbeth Final Review Study Guide

Duncan King of Scotland, father to Donalbain, and Malcom. He was murdered by Macbeth.
Macbeth Main character, thane of Glamis and Cawdor, husband to Lady Macbeth, eventual king of Scotland. He was killed in battle by Macduff.
Lady Macbeth Wife of Macbeth, deeply ambitious, encourages Macbeth to commit murder, eventually falls victim to guilt and madness. Commits suicide.
Banquo Friend to Macbeth who was with him during the prophesy of the witches. Supposedly he will have descendants that will be kings, even though he will not be.
Macduff A Scottish nobleman, doesn’t like Macbeth, leads a crusade to help put Malcolm back on the Scottish throne, eventually beheads Macbeth in battle.
Malcolm Oldest son of Duncan. Next in line to be king. Fled Scotland to escape being murdered so that he might one day rule Scotland. Fled to England, gained support from their king.
Lennox A Scottish nobleman.
Ross A Scottish nobleman.
Young Siward He is the son of Siward, general of the English forces in the battle against Macbeth. Macbeth kills him in the final battle, shortly before his sword fight with Lord Macduff.
Hecate Queen of the witches.
What is the point of the first scene literally and in reference to the whole play? * The point of this scene is to foreshadow the upheaval and uneasy fate of Scotland. “fair is foul and foul is fair”
What does Duncan call Macbeth when he hears Macbeth had defeated Macdonwald? “O valiant cousin! Worthy gentleman!”
Who is sentenced to death? The previous Thane of Cawdor.
What do the witches predict for Macbeth and Banquo in act one scene three? Macbeth – He is the Thane of Glamis, and he will be ‘Thane of Cawdor, and eventually King of Scotland. Banquo – He is lesser than Macbeth and yet greater, less happy than Macbeth and yet happier, and his descendants will be kings even though he will not be.
What news does Ross bring Macbeth? Ross tells Macbeth that he is now Thane of Cawdor.
Banquo, like Macbeth, is surprised that the witches have predicted Macbeth’s new title. He is, however, leery. What does he say about the motives of the “instruments of darkness”? He basically says that the instruments of darkness tell us half-truths to make us excited and let the other shoe drop when it will damage us the most.
Malcolm describes Cawdor’s last moments before execution. What is Duncan’s reply? He said that there is no way to read a man’s mind by looking at his face since he had trusted Cawdor completely.
Macbeth says “Stars, hide your fires, Let not light see my black and deep desires.” What are Macbeth’s desires?* He is thinking about murdering Duncan’s son Malcom who is now the heir to the throne of Scotland, so that he can be king that much faster.
After Lady Macbeth reads the letter, what does she tell us is her opinion of Macbeth, and how does she plan to help him?* She basically says that he’s a man with ambition and power but he’s to nice and honest to go after what he wants aggressively.
What is Lady Macbeth’s “prayer” to the spirits after she learns Duncan is coming? She asks for the courage and lack of remorse to follow through on her plan to murder king Duncan so that her husband Macbeth can become King of Scotland.
What advice does Lady Macbeth give Macbeth when he arrives home? “You should project a peaceful mood, because if you look troubled, you will arouse suspicion.”
What are Macbeth’s arguments to himself against killing Duncan?* He is afraid of being caught and or punished, and he is also weary because he has just gained a lot of favor with everyone from the King himself all the way down to country farmers and he doesn’t want to throw that away just yet.
What arguments does Lady Macbeth use to convince Macbeth to commit murder? Se calls him a coward and says that before when the timing was wrong and he surely would have gotten caught he was more inclined to do it but now when there is a foolproof plan and its actually possible to pull off he wants nothing to do with it.
What is Lady Macbeth’s plan?* To frame Duncan’s guards by getting them drunk, covering them in blood and using their daggers to do the deed. Then they will mourn just as everyone else does.
What is Macbeth’s lie to Banquo abut the witches’ predictions? He lies and says that he doesn’t really think about the witches and their predictions for him.
What is the signal Lady Macbeth is to give Macbeth to let him know that she has taken care of the guards? She rings the bell and tells him his drink is ready.
What excuse does Lady Macbeth give for not killing Duncan herself? She says that sleeping, Duncan looked like her father and she felt sentimental.
After Macbeth kills Duncan, he goes to Lady Macbeth and s concerned about not being able to say “Amen”. What is her advice to him? She told him to relax and try not to think about it to much because it would drive him crazy.
Then, Macbeth is worried about hearing a voice saying “Macbeth does murder sleep.” What does Lady Macbeth then tell him to do? She tells him to stop being a coward and to man up.
Why wont Macbeth take the daggers back to the scene of the crime? He is too afraid to look at what he has done.
Who was knocking? Macduff and Lennox.
What three things does drinking provoke? Urination, turns your nose red, and makes you sleepy.
How does Lennox describe the night, and what is Macbeth’s response? The night has been chaotic. The wind blew down through the chimneys where we were sleeping. People are saying they heard cries of grief in the air, strange screams of death, and terrible voices predicting catastrophes that will usher in a woeful new age. The owl made a noise all night. Some people say that the earth shook as if it had a fever.
What did Macduff discover? Macduff discovered that king Duncan was murdered in his sleep that previous night.
Macduff says “Oh gentle lady, ‘Tis not for you to hear what I can speak. The repetition, in a woman’s ear, would murder as it fell.” What is ironic about this? He is saying that it’s too violent or gruesome for a woman to even hear of it, but ironically she planned the murder.
What excuse or explanation did Macbeth give for killing the guards? What is his real reason? He says that his rage over the murder of Duncan overcame him but in reality it’s more like he was afraid of a witness.
Why do Malcolm and Donalbain leave?* They are afraid of being murdered themselves, as they are next in line for king.
Why does Ross not believe Malcolm and Donalbain were responsible for Duncan’s murder? He believes that it’s silly of Macduff and Donalbain to kill their father since he already said that he supports their kinghood once he dies.
Why does Macbeth want Banquo and Fleance Dead? Macbeth wants to continue being king. It was prophesy that Banquo’s children and descendants would become kings. Ipso facto Banquo and Fleance have to die.
What is Macbeth’s plan for killing Banquo and Fleance? Does it work? Macbeth plans to hire 3 assassins to murder Banquo and Fleance. Banquo is murdered successfully but, Fleance escapes.
Macbeth says “The worm that’s fled Hath nature that in time will venom breed, No teeth for the present.” What does that mean? Fleance has fled, and for now that fine but, eventually that will come back and bite him in the butt.
Who (what) did Macbeth see at the banquet table?* Macbeth saw the ghost of Banquo, sitting in his chair at the table.
How does lady Macbeth cover for Macbeth at the banquet? What excuses does she give for his wild talk? She says that he is just having a fit. It’s a common occurrence since childhood and it will pass.
Who else was missing from the banquet tale besides Banquo? Malcolm, Duncan’s oldest son.
Macbeth says “I am in blood stepped in so far that should I wade no more, returning were as tedious as go o’er.” What does this mean? He has done so many evil things that there would be no going back.
What does Hecate want the witches to do? She wants the witches to bring all of their potions and magical items to a river in hell and help her curse Macbeth.
What does Lennox think about Macbeth, Fleance, and Duncan’s sons? Lennox thinks that, Fleance and Duncan’s sons are innocent and Macbeth is up to something fishy.
Witch 2 says, “By the pricking of my thumb, something wicked this way comes.” Who comes? Macbeth
What is Macbeth’s attitude towards the witches this time? He is desperate for their advice and their help in telling him how to succeed in his evil plan.
What 4 things did the witches show Macbeth? What does each show/say? What is Macbeth’s reaction?* They show him 4 apparitionsAn armed head – Macbeth should beware MacduffA bloodied child – He would not be harmed by anyone “born of woman”. A crowned child with a tree in its hand – he would not be vanquished until Birnam wood would come to Dunsinane. 8 kings followed by Banquo’s ghost – Banquo’s descendants would be kings.
Macbeth says “Infected be the air whereon they ride, and damned all those that trust them!” What is Macbeth, in effect, saying about himself? He basically calls himself a fool for trusting the witches and asking for their help.
Where is Macduff? England.
Why does Macbeth have Macduff’s family and servants killed? He is angry and acted rashly.
Why does Lady Macduff’s son say lairs ad swearers are fools? He says this because he is angry at his father for abandoning them.
Malcolm says “Angles are bright still, though the brightest fell. Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so.” What does that mean? not everyone who looks like a good person is, but good people do still exist.
Macduff says “Oh, Scotland, Scotland” Why? He is worried for the future of Scotland, stuck between what seems to be 2 terrible choices for king.
What news does Ross bring Macduff? His castle was attacked, his entire family and all his servants were murdered.
What do the doctor and gentlewoman see Lady Macbeth doing? What do they decide to do about it?* They see her sleep walking and talking. They let the sleep walking and talking run its course.
What does Macbeth want the doctor to do for his wife? To cure her.
What trick does Malcolm use to hide the number of men in his army? They carry sticks of wood as camouflage.
Malcolm says “And none serve with him but constrained things Whose hearts are absent, too” What does that mean? They serve him, but nobody believes in his cause.
What is Macbeth’s reaction to Lady Macbeth’s death? He remains mostly unaffected, simply saying that everyone dies at some point.
What is Macbeth’s reaction to the news that Birnam wood is moving? He thinks the servant is crazy.
Who first fights Macbeth? What happens? The Young Siward, he dies.
Macbeth says to Macduff, ” But get thee back, my soul is too much charged with blood of thine already.” To what is he referring? He is reffering to the fact that he ordered Macduff’s whole family to be murdered.
When does Macbeth know he is in trouble? When Macduff tells him that he was not born of woman.
How does Macbeth die? Macduff beheads him.
Who will be king of Scotland? Malcolm.

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