Macbeth Final Exam Study Guide

The play was written in honor of whom? King James I (Of Scotland)
Portions of the play were drawn from which text? The chronicles (of England, Scotland, and Ireland)
Most horrific murder by Macbeth Macduff’s family (No motive)
Which century is it set in? 11th
Setting Scotland
The Scots are at war with Norway
How is Macbeth made Thane of Cawdor Executed (so the king named Macbeth the new thane)
Prophecies told to Banquo His sons will be kings (“Lesser than Macbeth and greater, not so happy, yet much happier”)
Witches characterized (Act 1 Scene 1) Stereotypical
How do witches play a role in setting the stage for the rest of the play (Act 1 Scene 1) (Cause Macbeth to become power hungry– Controversy of Fate vs Free will)
Short speech spoken by a character apart from others in which inner thoughts are revealed Aside
What Lady Macbeth mean: “Hie thee hither, / that I may pour my spirits in thine ear, / And chastise with valor of my tongue / all that impedes from the golden round” She’s trying to convince Macbeth to kill the king although he does not think it is a good idea
Who does Duncan designate as prince of Cumberland? Malcolm
What is blank verse, and why did Shakespeare probably choose to write it in this verse form? No set rhyme or meter
Act 2 Scene 2: What signals that the murder has been accomplished? The owl, crickets
Macbeth declares he will “sleep no more” because he believes… He killed sleep (He killed Duncan in his sleep)
Old Man’s dialogue (Act 2 Scene 5) What symbolizes King Duncan/ Macbeth (Duncan) Falcon (Macbeth) Owl
Reason Lady Macbeth does not kill Duncan He resembled her father
What is being suggested when Lady Macbeth says “My hands are of your color, but I shame to wear a heart so white” She is guilty too, but act’s innocent
What vision does Macbeth see at the beginning of Act 2 when he is alone? A dagger
Who is arranged to be blamed for the murder of King Duncan? The guards
Who places the daggers in the scene? Lady Macbeth
Who is Duncan’s body discovered by? Macduff
Who kills the guards? Macbeth (In his “anger” and Lady Macbeth faints at this point to keep the attention off of Macbeth)
What do Malcolm and Donalbain do after hearing of King Duncan’s death? Flee (Malcom- England, Donalbain- Ireland)
What do disturbances in the natural world mirror? Disturbance in the human world (Murders, corruption, etc)
What action emphacizes Macduff’s opposition to Macbeth? Doesn’t attend corronation
What does Macbeth say to the killers to persuade them to kill Banquo? Caused their poverty
What is the cause of Macbeth’s irrational behavior at the banquet? Sees Banquo’s ghost (Lady Macbeth claims it is an “illness” and he has had occasional fits since he was a child)
Macbeth says to Lady in Act 3 Scene 4 “We are but young in deed,” he means that they are… (They will become less emotional as they kill more people)
What type of conflict is it when Macbeth sees Banquos ghost at the banquet? Inner- conflict (guilty conscious)
L Macbeth claims “Nought’s had, all’s spent, / where our desire is got without content” means… (They got what they wanted, but they are not happy as a result)
Macbeth says “Upon my head they have placed a fruitless crown / and put a barren scepter in my gripe” he means.. (He feels empty/ unfulfilled with his kingdom)
Why does Macbeth fear Banquo? Prophecy
What is suggested when the witches say “Something wicked this way comes” Macbeth’s downfall is nearing, something bad is coming
Which characters act as a foil to Macbeth? Banquo/ Macduff
In act 4, why does Macbeth visit the witches? To secure his power (Asks what he should fear)
The end of act 4 foreshadows a conflict between whom? Macbeth and Macduff
First apparition, says Armed head, beware Macduff
Second apparition, says Bloody child, none of woman born should harm Macbeth
Third apparition, says Crowned child, will not be defeated until the “woods move”
What does Macbeth have done in retaliation against Macduff? Kills his family
What does Malcom urge Macduff to do when he receives his sad news? Send forces to kill him
Why does Malcom misrepresent himself to Macduff? To test his loyalty
At what point does Macbeth begin to realize he has been tricked by the prophecies? The messenger tells him that the Birnam woods have begun to move
How does Macbeth revert to his older self in Act 5 Shows character traits bravery, valiant, courageous at war
Why does Shakespeare portray Macbeth as admirable at the end of the play? Sympathy for tragic hero
When an actor is alone on stage and makes a speech Soliloquoy
The cleaning up / untying of the complications of the plot in a play is called Denoument
What are the reasons that Macbeth kills for not wanting to kill Duncan? He is his host, he has served as a good king, loyalty
How does Macbeth’s courage in battle at the end of the play affect the reader? Sympathy
What is the problem that plagues Lady at the beginning of Act 5? Guilt and insomnia
What does Lady insist she have by her at all times? Candle
Macbeth expresses disappointment that old age will not bring him what things? honor, obedience, love, many friends
Why does Macbeth at first want to avoid a fight with Macduff? First apparition “Beware Macduff”
Until the very end, what does Macbeth believe will save him? The prophecy
Macduff is able to kill Macbeth because C-section
At the end of the play, what does Malcom say happens to Lady Macbeth? Suicide
What is most likely the psychological turning point/ climax of the play? Fleance escapes

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