Macbeth figures of speech

what is a figure of speech? a word or phrase used in a non-literal sense for (rhetorical)
what is rhetoric? the language used to persuade or impress
when was Macbeth written? 1606
simile comparison between two things”This is the sergeant Who like a good and hardy soldier fought’Gainst my captivity.” I. ii.”Doubtful it stood; As two spent swimmers, that do cling together And choke their art.” I. ii. “As thick as hail came post with post.” I. iii.”But like a man he died.” V. viii.
metaphor one thing is expressed through another “Kind gentlemen, your pains, Are register’d, where every day I turn The leaf to read them.” I. iii. [Here Macbeth speaks of his memory as a book.] “I have bought Golden opinions from all sorts of people, Which would be worn now in their newest gloss.” I. vii. [Here the golden opinions are spoken of as articles of apparel.] “Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor playerThat struts and frets his hour upon the stage.” V. v. “They have tied me to a stake.” V. vii. [Macbeth here speaks of himself as a bear ready to be baited.] “I have bought Golden opinions from all sorts of people, Which would be worn now in their newest gloss.” I. vii. [Here the golden opinions are spoken of as articles of apparel.] “Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor playerThat struts and frets his hour upon the stage.” V. v. “They have tied me to a stake.” V. vii. [Macbeth here speaks of himself as a bear ready to be baited.]
Personification when non-life is expressed as life “My gashes cry for help.” I. ii. “I think our country sinks beneath the yoke; It weeps, it bleeds. IV. iii “Our castle’s strengthWill laugh a siege to scorn.” V. v.
Apostrophe a figure in which a person or thing is addressed. The speaker ‘turns aside’ from his main theme to address some person or thing. “Come, you spirits That tend on mortal thoughts,” etc. I. v. “Come, thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,” etc. I. v. “Come, let me clutch thee. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still,” etc. II. i.
Hyperbole a figure by which things are represented as being greater or less than they really are. Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement. “What hands are here? ha! they pluck out mine eyes. Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand? No, this hand will rather. The multitudinous seas incarnadine, Making the green one red.” II. i. “Thy crown does scar mine eye-balls.” IV. i. “Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there, Weep our sad bosoms empty.” IV. iii. “This tyrant, whose sole name blisters our tongues.” IV. iii.
Euphemism a figure by which a harsh or offensive idea is stated in an inoffensive manner. “He that’s coming Must be provided for: and you shall put This night’s great business into my despatch.” I. v. (This is Lady Macbeth’s way of speaking of the intended murder.) “Is he dispatch’d?” III. iv. (This is Macbeth’s way of speaking of Banquo’s murder.)
which of these figures of speech are.. simile, metonymy, metaphor, irony, alliteration, euphemism, personification, antithesis, apostrophe, hyperbole figures of resemblance figures of contrast figures of association resemblance- simile, metaphor, personification, apostrophe, hyperbole, euphemism, contrast- antithesis, irony association- metonymy, alliteration
metonymy a figure which substitutes the name of one thing for the name of another with which it is in some way connected. “That trusted home Might yet enkindle you unto the crown.” I. iii. (Here ‘the crown’ is used for the office it represents, namely that of king.) “A little water clears us of this deed.” II. i. (Here ‘deed’ is substituted for blood, a result of the deed.) “I drink to the general joy o’ the whole table.” III. iv. (Here ‘table’ is used for those seated at the table.) Other examples are ‘the golden round’ for royalty, I. v. ‘steel’ for the dagger or sword, III. ii. ‘blood’ for murderous deeds, III. v. ‘England’ for the King of England, IV. iii.
Alliteration the frequent recurrence of the same initial letter or sound.”Where the Norwegian banners flout the skyAnd fan our people cold.” I. ii. “And yet wouldst wrongly win.” I. v. “After life’s fitful fever he sleeps well.” III. ii.. “I am cabin’d, cribb’d, confined.” III. iv. “To doff their dire distresses.” IV. iii. “And so his knell is knoll’d.” V. viii.
antithesis a figure by which words or sentences are placed in direct contrast. “So foul and fair a day I have not seen.” I. iii. “Look like the innocent flower.But be the serpent under ‘t.” I. v. “False face must hide what the false heart doth know. I. vii. “It cannot Be call’d our mother, but our grave.” IV. iii.
Irony it is a mode of expression in which the meaning is contrary to the words. “Was not that nobly done? Ay, and wisely too; For ‘twould have angered any heart alive To hear the men deny’t.” III. vi 14-16. (All the first part of the speech of Lennox — III. vi. 1-20 — is ironical. ) Macd. “How does my wife? Ross. Why, well.Macd. And all my children?Ross. Well too. Macd. The tyrant has not batter’d at their peace? Ross. No; they were well at peace when I did leave ’em.” IV. iii. 176-179. Macbeth’s speech (III. iv. 40-43) is ironical, but the irony was soon turned against the speaker.

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