macbeth & elizabethan era

how was the acting profession in shakespeare’s time viewed? it had a bad reputation (associated with thieves, vagabonds, murderers)
in which major literary genres did shakespeare write plays? dramas
shakespeare’s theater was built with the money of which nobleman, and what was the theater’s name? lord chamberlain -the Globe
what philosophy was sir thomas more strongly influenced by? humanism
how many wives did henry the VIII have? six
which one of henry VIII daughter’s became queen? elizabeth (the virgin queen)
king james was known for commissioning the translation of which major literary work? the bible
who was guy fawkes and what was his plan? he organized the gunpowder plot- he wanted to kill king james and blow up parliament.
who authored the book Demonology? king james I
what kind of plays used allegory to teach lessons? morality plays (or medieval dramas)
what were “miracle plays”? mystery plays- enactments of christian stories
what does the word Renaissance mean? “rebirth”
in what ways did the renaissance change england? expansion of knowledge, american discovery, political struggle, and religious controversy.
act Iwhat do the witches prophecy? 1. macbeth will be thane of cawdor 2. macbeth will be king3. banquo will father future generations of kings, but he won’t be one.
act Iin scene II, what does duncan order ross to do? tell macbeth he is thane of cawdor
act Ihow does lady macbeth first find out that duncan is coming to her castle? a messenger tells her
act Iwhat does the following greeting from scene V show us about lady macbeth?”great glamis, worthy cawdor/ greater than both by the all hail hereafter!/ thy letters have transported me beyond/ this ignorant present, i feel now./ the future is in the instant.” that she is ruthless
act Ihow does macbeth and his wife ensure that duncan’s guards will be blamed for his death? get the guards incredibly drunk, use the guards’ daggers to stab duncan, and leave the daggers in the room.
act Iwhat does the following sentence from scene VII reveal about macbeth?”i have no spurs to prick the sides of my intent.” macbeth doesn’t believe that he has what it takes to kill duncan. he only has ambition, which isn’t enough.
act IIwhy is lady macbeth unable to kill duncan herself? he looks too much like her father
act IIwhy is lady macbeth forced to put the daggers near the guards? because macbeth was supposed to leave them, but forgot and carried them back with him
act IIwhy does shakespeare put “the porter scene” after the killing of king duncan? comic relief
act IIhow is macduff’s warm greeting to macbeth in scene III an example of dramatic irony? because he suspects macbeth murdered duncan, and he will not see macbeth at any of his future events.
act IIIhow does macbeth persuade the murderer’s to kill banquo? he tells them that banquo is responsible for ruination and downfall for the kingdom.
act IIIwhat does hecate’s say is “mortal’s chiefest enemy?” security
act IIIwhat happens to macbeth when he sees the ghost at dinner? he throws a fit and starts acting crazy
act IIIwhy does banquo hope that his prophecy will come true? he has hope because macbeth and lady macbeth can’t have children
act IVwhy do macbeth and lady macbeth say that they envy duncan? because his troubles are over and he sleeps well
act IVin scene II lady macbeth say that all traitors are? liars and swearers
act IVwhat do macbeth and macduff have in common at the end of act IV? they both wanted to kill each-other for treachery
act Vwhat does lady macbeth try to wash away? she is trying to wash away the imaginary blood and real guilt
act Vwhat line from scene III reveals macbeth’s overconfidence? “the mind i sway by and the heart i bear, shall never sag with doubt or shake with fear.”
act Vwhat does the following line reveal about macbeth?”life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage/ it is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing.” it reveals that macbeth sees life as completely and utterly meaningless.
comic relief to release tension
character flaw character trait that brings the downfall of the protagonist
dramatic irony when the audience knows something the character does not
foil causes the downfall of another- not antagonist
tragedy terrible events that were encountered or caused by a heroic individual.
tragic hero character who makes a judgement error that eventually leads to his or her destruction.
what are the major themes of macbeth? the destruction wrought when ambition goes unchecked by moral constraints
how is macbeth portrayed at the beginning of the play? at the end? at the beginning macbeth is portrayed as a well respected general, and at the end he is portrayed as an evil king.

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