Macbeth DQs

“Fair is foul, and foul is fair” What do you think it means? -Based on weather.-Things are not as they appear.-People may seem good initially but turn out bad.
What does Sergeant specifically report about Macbeth? What does this news reveal to you about Macbeth’s character? -Macbeth is a brave warrior. -Successful in a violent way. -Macbeth is courageous and fearsome. -Foreshadows more violence.
“My thought..Shakes so my single state of man that functions/is smothered in sunrise, and noting is/but what is not”? How does this quote relate to the “fair is foul” theme? -Emotion is guilt.-Expressing confusion and indecision.-If things are not as they seem, it makes it hard to make decisions.
How does Macbeth react to the announcement in his last speech in this scene? What does he reveal? -He acts angrily.- Reveals that desire to become king. -Malcolm now lies in the way of Macbeth becoming king. -Ambition = murder.
What does the ringing of the bell indicate to Macbeth? How does Macbeth say the reigning relates to Duncan? What kind of poetic form ends the scene? -The bell signals that he is to kill the King.-Lady Macbeth is ringing the bell.-Macbeth doesn’t want King Duncan to hear the bell because it calls him to heaven or hell.
At the close of the scene, there is an incessant knocking at the door. What might this knocking symbolize? -Death. -Macbeth has remorse so knocking symbolizes his guilt.
If Macbeth is a tragic hero, what is his tragic flaw? -His flaw is ambition–> drive to succeed.-Tragic flaw brings downfall of tragic hero
Instead of attending the coronation, Macduff plans to travel home. How might this choice be significant? -Macduff missing the coronation was seen as disrespect. -Macduff is the first character to go against Macbeth.-He doesn’t trust Macbeth.
How does Macbeth’s use of hired murderers affect the development of his character in the play? -Macbeth is becoming more cautious. -He doesn’t want to be caught.-He hires murderers.-He shifts from bravery to evil.
What strong metaphor does Macbeth use to describe his mental health? What is he worried about? Is lady Macbeth aware of his plans to resolve his worries? -Metaphor: Macbeth’s head is “full of scorpions” (pg. 98).-He is worried about Banquo and Fleance.-Witches prophecies –> Banquo and Fleance threaten his remaining King. -Lady Macbeth knows something is happening but not he plans to kill Banquo and Fleance.
What are Banquos dying/last words? How might they relate back to the prophecies? -Page 104, lines 18+19.-Banquos final words refer back to the prophecies that Banquos sons are to become kings. -Foreshadowing Fleance might avenge his father against Macbeth.
Why does Banquo’s ghost haunt Macbeth and not Duncan’s (ghost)? -Duncan was a great king but he was a minimal character.-Banquo is foil (represents what Macbeth could be). -The haunting of Banquo’s ghost emphasizes the guilt Macbeth feels for all he has done wrong.
What comments does Hecate make that suggest Macbeth has free will? What does she say to suggest he is controlled by fate? -Hecate implies he has made his own decisions.-Macbeth did not have to kill -Fate –> witches prophecies-Free will –> Macbeth makes his own decisions.
Lennox seems to be very careful in his speech. Why is he cautious in what he says? What, if anything, could be interpreted as a criticism of Macbeth? -Lennox is sarcastic/ironic about Macbeth.-His compliment was sarcastic (“it’s noble deeds”) -He did not want to directly criticize Macbeth –> he would be killed.-Lennox calls Macbeth a tyrant
What is Macbeth’s resolve at the end of this seven? How do his plans differ from previous actions? -Macbeth plans on killing Macduff and his whole family.-His previous murders had specific motives
Why does Ross describe the current times as “cruel”? -People are feeling insecure, paranoid,uncertain. -People are being accused of treason.-There are s lot of rumors leading to the feelings of danger.
How does Malcolm cleverly test Macduff’s loyalty? What is Macduff’s initial response? What finally indicates to Malcolm that Macduff is truly loyal? -Malcolm pretending to be as evil as Macbeth.-Macduff loyalty becomes clear.
What secrets does Lady Macbeth speak about in her sleepwalking? What calls her back to her bed? -She admits to the murders (symbolized by blood on her hand) -Knocking on the gate brings her back to bed.
What does Lady Macbeth mean when she says, “All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand” How do her words contrast with her comments about bloowdy hands in Act II, Scene II? -The smell of blood is on her hands and nothing can cover up the smell. -This is metaphorical, she doesn’t actually have blood on her. -Blood symbolizes her guilt which she can’t cover that up.
How is the plant metaphor begun by Duncan in Act I, Scene IV, continued in this scene? -Act 5, scene 2, pg. 188.-Originally plant was positive (flower) but became negative (weed). -Flower = Malcolm, Weed = Macbeth
What does Angus say about the men that Macbeth commands? -The soldiers only follow Macbeth because they are following orders.-Many soldiers are no longer loyal.
How would you describe Macbeth’s demeanor in this scene? -He was aggressive.-He’s abusive towards servants. -He still is very confident and feeling invincible because he thinks he’s immortal because of the witches prophecies (can only be defeated by man not born of woman).
In what way does Macbeth acknowledge in this scene that Scotland is suffering? -Macbeth speaks to the doctor about a “cure” for Scotland.-Implies –> Scotland has a disease.-Irony –> Macbeth is the cause of this “illness”.
What tactical strategy does Malcolm implement? What is its purpose, and why is it significant to the play? -Every soldier cuts a branch to use as camouflage.-The Birnam woods move toward Dunsinane.-This relates back to the ghost/witches prophecies.
Macbeth delivers his most famous soliliquoy in this scene. What provokes the soliloquy and what is its main idea? -He is using melancholy to mark the beginning of the end (he’s depressed). -Macbeth is losing hope.-He is losing his sense of purpose –> he had been a man of honor.
What does Macbeth now recognize about the prophecies? How does his realization relate to the play’s central theme? -He recognizes that the prophecies are coming true but they are not really true, Macbeth makes them look like they are true. -Fate (prophecies) vs. free will (what Macbeth did). “Fair is foul and foul is fair.”
How would you characterize the scenes in the final act so far? What sort of mood (define first) does theirs form create? -Impeding death and doom = mood.-Scenes in Act 5 are short and quick to create sense of urgency to create chaos –> play structure contributes to chaos.
Why does Macbeth continue to scorn his opponents, despite his many setbacks? -He still believes he cannot be defeated (still cocky). -The apparitions (ghosts) prophecized that he cannot be killed.
What information does Macduff reveal about himself that makes Macbeth frightened? How does it relate to the prophecies? -Macduff tells Macbeth he was born by a c-section. -This is the moment Macbeth realizes he is mortal (going to die).
What is the final resolution of the play? -Macbeth murdered by Macduff.-Malcolm (Duncan’s son)becomes King.-Scotland is now disease free.

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