Macbeth character list/plot/elements of tragedy/quotes

Duncan the king of Scotland. clever, generous. murdered by Macbeth. good ruler.
Malcolm Duncan’s oldest son. declared the next king. paranoid because he is the next target after his dads death, so he leaves to England. ends up being the king in the end
Cawdor, Scotland rebellious, powerful.
Donalbain youngest son of Duncan. paranoid after his dad died so he decides to run to Ireland.
Macbeth Beginning: brave and skilled in fighting. he is corrupt by the idea of having power. the witches tell him that he will be king, but Duncan declares Malcom as the next king. He kills Duncan and then becomes a terrible paranoid king.
Banquo and Fleance Banquo is very loyal and has good morals because he didn’t want to support Macbeth when he became king since he killed Duncan to get there. Fleance: Banquo’s son. “worm” “doesn’t have teeth” so doesn’t threaten Macbeth. declared to be the next king from the prophecies.
Lady Macbeth evil, selfish, greedy because she persuades Macbeth to kill Duncan so he can become king and she can become queen. she becomes less evil throughout the book as Macbeth gets more evil.
Macduff thane of Fife. Declares what is happening. Loyal to Duncan so he doesn’t go to Macbeths coronation. foil to Macbeth – both have wives, Macduff is loyal whereas Macbeth is not)
Doctor/ the Gentlewoman see lady Macbeth sleep walking and talking about how she killed Duncan and feels guilty for it.
Ross/Lennox/Angus Lennox believes the scheme about the murder. delivers information.
porter tells information. Tells Macduff’s wife and son that people are coming to murder them before they did.
But ’tis strange, and often time to win us to our harm, the instruments of darkness tell us truths, win us with honest trifles, to betray’s in deepest consequence. said by Banquo. said after the witches told the prophecies. symbolism for a warning of bad fate because of “darkness”. instruments of darkness = witches
“I have lived long enough. My way of life has fall’n into the sere, the yellow leaf.” …and that which should accompany old age, as honor, love…I must not look to have…” – Macbeth- says he is old and worn out- happens at the end of the book after Lady Macbeth dies
“Let us meet and question this most bloody piece of work to know it further” – Banquo- said after everyone found out that Duncan was murdered- he wanted everyone to get changed out of their pajamas and come back to discuss the incident
“Why, if fate will crown me king, then fate may crown me without my stir” – Macbeth – says after he is told the first prophecies- means if he is destined to become king then he doesn’t have to try to and it will happen naturally
“Thou hast it all now, King, Cawdor, Glamis…and I fear you play’dst most foully for’t” – Banquo- says to Macbeth after he is crowned – means he thinks Macbeth killed Duncan to become king
“To beguile the time, be the time…look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent underneath it…” – Lady Macbeth- says at the dinner party to Macbeth before he kills Duncan- means “look innocent so no one will suspect that you’re the murderer later”
“Where we are, there’s daggers in men’s smiles. The nearer in blood, the nearer bloody” – Donalbain- said after Duncan was murdered- he is planning for him and Malcolm to flee
“The only spur to prick the sides of my intent is vaulting ambition which o’erleaps itself and falls on the other.” – Macbeth- says this before he kills Duncan- means ambition is his only motivation to kill Duncan
“There’s no art to find the mind’s construction in the face. He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust” – Duncan- says this when he figures out the ruler of Cawdor was a traitor – means that he gave him his full trust, but he shouldn’t have
“So I lose none in seeking to augment it but still keep my bosom franchised and allegiance clear, I shall be counseled” – Banquo- doing what Macbeth suggests after they are told the prophecies
“Naught’s had, all’s spent, where our desire is got without content” – Lady Macbeth- says this to herself after Macbeth sends people to kill Banquo and Fleance- means that it is better to be the one getting murdered rather than the murder yourself if you’re upset and paranoid.
“Stars hide your fires, let not light see my black and deep desires” – Macbeth- says after Malcolm is declared king by Duncan- means that he is upset that Malcolm is crowned, but he can’t show itdesires = to kill Duncan and to be king. stars = eyes. fires = anger. light = everyone else.
“What, can the devil speak true!” – Banquo- Macbeth had just been named the Thane of Cawdor- Banquo discovers that the witches prophecies are coming true
“Rather than so, come Fate into the list and champion me to the utterance” – Macbeth- battle and fight to death- wants to kill Banquo’s sons
“Yet do I fear thy nature. It is too full o’ the milk of human kindness” – Lady Macbeth- says this to Macbeth before the murdering of Duncan- thinks that he is too “innocent” to kill Duncan
Mimesis – Greekthe imitation of important events from history- events must be serious or important in a tragedy – story told in an elevated stlye
Hamartia a tragic flaw demonstrated in the main character- ordinary personality trait, but blown out of proportion – flaw is a function of a character choice, “not inflicted upon them”- flaw results in a personal tragedy, but society also suffers as a whole
Peripetia a turn-around the main character makes- There is a realization that what he is doing is wrong and is his own fault- he must react to the knowledge in a noble way
Catharsis purging of negative emotions cause by the return to justice at the end of a tragedy- tragedy performance was like a big group therapy
explain the plot

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