Macbeth ~ Appearance Vs Reality

“Fair is foul and foul is fair” This theme is introduced in this quote. There are frequent verbal paradoxes in the play emphasising this duality, such as “When the battle’s lost and won”. This suggests that something may be good for some people, but bad for others.
To Macbeth, the promises of the witches seem good, but this is ______________: actually, they will destroy him. Deceptive
Duncan, too, makes errors, misjudging the appearance of his Thanes. He has been betrayed by the first thane of Cawdor, noting ruefully… “There’s no art to find the mind’s construction in the face”
“False face must hide what the false heart doth know” This resolves echoes Duncan’s misjudgment.
“This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air nimbly and sweetly recommends itself” Duncan is deceived by the tranquil atmosphere. This is ironic, as in actuality he’s moving towards his death.
“Heaven’s breath” Banquo too is taken in by the deceptive calm and beauty of the place. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth pretend to welcome Duncan affectionately while harboring murderous thoughts.
Lady Macbeth encourages Macbeth to be “Bright and jovial” despite just expressing her own despair: “Nought’s had, all’s spent” At the banquet, Macbeth says he will ‘play’ the humble host, which is appropriate, since he is not king by right, but just performing a role. Lady Macbeth’s demeanour of hard control is a pretence.
“None of woman born shall harm Macbeth”; “Fear not, till Birnam Wood do come to Dunsinane.” Perhaps the clearest examples of false appearances are in these promises. They appear to say Macbeth is invincible, but this is an illusion.
“Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell” Malcolm uses false appearance to test Macduff, first claiming he is thoroughly wicked to see if Macduff would support such a person. Malcolm reflects on the difficulty of deciding whether people are good or bad, and that this may lead good people to be misjudged.

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