Macbeth Acts IV-V Studyguide

“Double, double, toil and trouble; Fire burn, and cauldron bubble” The Three Witches…Cliche…Act IV, Scene 1-The witches are stirring a cauldron and casting a spell.
“Something wicked this way comes” The Three Witches…Irony/Foreshadowing…Act IV, Scene 1-Macbeth is coming. He’s wicked bc of his past acts. -It’s ironic bc the witches are wicked.
“Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff! Beware the Thane of Fife!” First Apparition…Act IV, Scene 1-warns Macbeth of Macduff-an armed head
“Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn the power of a man, for none of women born shall harm Macbeth!” Second Apparition…Act IV, Scene 1-Nobody born from a woman will ever harm Macbeth.-a bloody child
“Macbeth shall never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come over him.” Third Apparition…Act IV, Scene 1-Macbeth will never be defeated until Birnam Wood (forest) marches to fight you at Dunsinane Hill.-crowned child with a tree in his hand
“He has no children.” Macduff…Act IV, Scene 3-Macduff finds out Macbeth killed his family. He can’t get revenge and he thinks Macbeth should understand what it would be like to lose his children.
“Who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?” Lady Macbeth…Act V, Scene 1-Lady Macbeth is sleepwalking and is trying to wash imaginary blood off her hands. She feels guilty from Duncan’s murder.
“The Thane of Fife had a wife.” Lady Macbeth…Act V, Scene 1-Lady Macbeth feels guilty for Macduff’s wife’s death.
“Banquo’s buried.” Lady Macbeth…Act V, Scene 1-Lady Macbeth feels guilty for Banquo’s death.
“All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand.” Lady Macbeth…Symbolism…Act V, Scene 1-Lady Macbeth feels so guilty about the murders that all of the perfume in the world could not cover the smell of the blood of her hands/ nothing could take away the guilt.
“Now does he feel his secret murders sticking on his hands… Those he commands move only in command. Nothing is love.” Angus…Characterization…Act V, Scene 2-The murderers Macbeth has committed is affecting his life. The soldiers follow his orders but not out of love for him.
“I have lived long enough… that which should accompany, old age, as honor: love, obedience, troop of friends. I must not look to have, but in their stead curses.” Macbeth…Characterization…Act V, Scene 3-Macbeth has lived long enough to where he can’t get all of those things because he thinks he’s cursed.
“Let every soldier hew him down a bough and bear’t before him. Thereby shall we shadow the numbers of our host.” Malcolm…Act V, Scene 4-Birnam Wood is moving to Dunsinane
“Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, To the last syllable of recorded time; And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player, That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, And then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing.” Macbeth…Act V, Scene 5-Macbeth’s reaction to his wife’s death.
Three Witches “Black and midnight hags” They make predictions to trick Macbeth into prompting to kill Duncan. Their identity is unclear. -EVIL
Malcolm Oldest son of King Duncan. Named as heir to the throne. Fled to England after his father was murdered.-Prince of Cumberland.
Angus -tells Macbeth he is Thane of Cawdor-Idiot-joins forces opposing Macbeth
Macbeth Scottish General, thane of Glamis. Fell victim to the witches prophecy. he is powerful but responds to every problem with violence or murder.
Lady Macbeth Lusts for power and position.Tells her husband to kill Duncan to claim the crown. She soon becomes trapped in her own guilt and goes mad.-emotionally disturbed-sleepwalks-commits suicide
Macduff Scottish nobleman hostile to Macbeth. Does not like Macbeth. Eventually kills Macbeth.-joins with Malcolm in England to regain throne
The Apparitions (four) 1. armed head2. bloody child3. a crowned child with a tree in his hand4. tells Macbeth’s future(prophecies and warnings)
Lady Macduff She is the wife of Lord Macduff, the Thane of Fife, and the mother of an unnamed son and other children.-unhappy to be left unprotected by her husband
Murderers -hired by Macbeth to kill Macduff’s family
Young Siward He is the son of Siward, general of the English forces in the battle against Macbeth. Macbeth kills him in the final battle, shortly before his sword fight with Lord Macduff.
Know the explanation behind the importance of the “Double, double” quote. Be able to explain its significance in both the play and in modern culture. In the play it is used to conjure up the apparitions and it is popular in modern culture, alas, most folk are unaware of its origin.
Explain the importance and the irony of the quote: “Something wicked this way comes.” The irony is that the witches are already evil and they call Macbeth evil as well..
Know the details behind all the apparitions and their prophecies. First Apparition – An Armed Head-warns Macbeth of MacduffSecond Apparition – A Bloody Child-nobody born from a woman will ever harm MacbethThird Apparition – A Crowned Child with a tree in his hand-Macbeth will never be defeated until Brinam Wood marches to fight him at Dunsinane Hill.Final Apparition – A show of eight kings; the eighth king with a glass in his hand, who resembled Bandquo
Know the example and explanation of how Macbeth has “progressed” in the play. Macbeth kills Macduff’s Family with very little reason and grows in his evil.
Know all the details of Malcom’s “loyalty test” that he gives Macduff. Malcolm tests Macduff’s motives by stating “facts” about himself. – He is lustful and cannot control his desire…Macduff replies that he can have any women he wants as king. – He is greedy, willing to kill to increase his fortune…As king, Malcolm will own everything in the land. – He has no kingly graces, such as justice, stability, mercy and courage…Macduff laments about Scotland proving his loyalty.
Know the two-part meaning behind the statement “He has no children.” 1. Malcolm says they’ll get revenge on Macbeth but they can’t bc he has no children.2. Macbeth should know how it feels to lose a child bc he has lost one too.
Know the four acts Lady Macbeth performs which show her guilt. 1. sleepwalking2. reads and rereads a letter3. had to have light by her continuously4. pretends to wash her hands5. reveals their crimes
Know the three statements that Lady Macbeth makes to show her guilt.` 1.) “Who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?”2.) “The Thane of Fife had a wife”3.) “Banquo’s buried.”
Know how each of the two prophecies (2nd and 3rd apparition) are revealed. 2nd.) Macduff reveals that he was born via C-section rather than being naturally born.3rd.) Malcolm’s army used tree branches to camouflage. He tells his soldiers to take branch of wood from Birnam and hold it in front of himself, moving Birnam wood to Dunsinane.
Know Macbeth’s most important speech. Know its content and context. – Augments the desperation of both Macbeth and all humanity.-His wife committed suicide. She died before producing an heir. After all his treachery and scheming, it was all for nothing. His family will not keep with throne. He will not even have his love to keep him company in the final hours before battle. Everything is falling apart as his kingdom revolts against his reign. He has spent so much time and energy on things that do not last and have no value. He killed friends and made enemies all for nothing. He is mourning how big of a fool they are, all for nothing.

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