Macbeth Act IV Vocabulary

conjure to summon”I conjure you by that which you profess – howe’er you come to know it – answer me.” [Macbeth]
profess to admit, recognize”I conjure you by that which you profess – howe’er you come to know it – answer me.” [Macbeth]
apparition ghost, vision(3 separate apparitions appear while Macbeth is with the witches)
potent powerful, compelling”Here’s another [apparition] more potent than the first.” [First witch]
chafe to irritate, annoy”Be lion-mettled, proud, and take no care who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are.” [Third Apparition]
resolute unwavering, determined”Be bloody, bold, and resolute.” [Second Apparition]
vanquish to conquer”Macbeth shall never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him.” [Third Apparition]
antics foolish, frivolous, or amusing behavior”I’ll charm the air to give a sound, while you perform your antic round.” [First Witch]
pernicious destructive, malicious”Let this pernicious hour stand aye accursed in the calendar!” [Macbeth]
exploit a feat, noble deed”Time, thou anticipat’st my dread exploits.” [Macbeth]
diminutive very small”The most diminutive of birds, will fight, her young ones in her nest, against the owl.” [Lady Macduff]
judicious cautious, sensible, wise”But for your husband, he is noble, wise, judicious, and best knows the fits o’ th’ season.” [Ross]
laudable admirable, praiseworthy”But I remember now, I am in this earthly world, where to do harm is often laudable, to do good sometimes accounted dangerous folly.” [Lady Macduff]
unsanctified unholy”I hope [Macduff is] in no place so unsanctified where such as thou mayst find him.” [Lady Macduff]
appease to satisfy, allay”You may deserve of him through me, and wisdom to offer up a weak poor innocent lamb to appease an angry god.” [Malcolm]
recoil to shrink back in horror”A good and virtuous nature may recoil in an imperial charge.” [Malcolm]
avaricious greedy, materialistic”I grant him bloody, luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful, sudden, malicious, smacking of every sin that has a name: but there’s no bottom, none, in my voluptuousness…” [Malcolm]
voluptuousness sensuousness, luxuriousness, sensuality”I grant him bloody, luxurious, avaricious, false, deceitful, sudden, malicious, smacking of every sin that has a name: but there’s no bottom, none, in my voluptuousness…” [Malcolm]
intemperance gluttony, overindulgence, lack of moderation”Boundless intemperance in nature is a tyranny; it hath been the untimely emptying of the happy throne and fall of many kings.” [Macduff]
abjure to renounce, give up”I put myself to thy direction, and unspeak mine own detraction, here abjure the taints and blames I laid upon myself, for strangers to my nature.” [Malcolm]
malady trouble, problem, disease”Ay, sir; there are a crew of wretched souls that stay his cure: their malady convinces the great assay of art.” [Doctor]
niggard/niggardly covetous, stingy”But not a niggard of your speech: how goes’t?” [Macduff]
credulous gullible”Devilish Macbeth by many of these trains hath sought to win me into his power, and modest wisdom plucks me from over-credulous haste.” [Malcolm]
bane a person or thing that ruins or spoils; death; destruction; ruin
equivocation a fallacy caused by the double meaning of a word; intentional ambiguity
antidote a medicine or other remedy

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