Macbeth Act IV Quotes

“Double, double, toil and trouble/Fire burn and caldron bubble” – Witches Significance: Making a potion to make Macbeth feel invincibleTheme: supernatural and deception
“Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff! Beware the Thane of Fife” – First apparition of a floating head with a helmet Significance: is warning Macbeth about MacduffTheme: supernatural, fate, deception
“No one of woman born /Shall harm Macbeth” – 2nd apparition of a new born baby Significance: To make macbeth feel more invincibleTheme: fate vs freewill, deception
“Macbeth shall never vanquished be until/Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill/Shall come against him” – Third Apparition (child with crown and tree in his hand) Significance: making the first prophecies come true that Banquo’s line will rule, foreshadows how Macbeth will dieTheme: fate vs. freewill
“Filthy hags! Why do you show me this? A fourth! Start, eyes! What, will the line stretch out to th’ crack of doom? Another yet! A seventh! I’ll see no more. And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glassWhich shows me many more.” – Macbeth Significance: Descendants of Banquo which upsets Macbeth. Theme: supernatural because it is all ghosts/spirits, fate, deception
“The castle of Macduff I will surprise; Seize upon Fife; give to th’ edge o’ th’ sword His wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls That trace him in his line” – Macbeth Significance: he is going to take Macduff’s castle and kill Macduff’s family and all in the castle. he is killing true innocentsTheme: murder
“Wisdom! To leave his wife, to leave his babes, His mansion and his titles, in a place From whence himself does fly? He loves us not; He wants the natural touch: for the poor wren, The most diminutive of birds, will fight, Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. All is the fear and nothing is the love.” – Lady Macduff Significance: talking about how Macduff is leaving her, her children, and everyone else at the castle will not be safe =the bird should be protecting it’s nest (metaphor) because Macduff didn’t and leftTheme: betrayal
“I dare not speak much further: But cruel are the times, when we are traitors And do not know ourselves; when we hold rumor From what we fear, yet know not what we fear, But float upon a wild and violent sea Each way and move.” – Ross Significance: Ross can’t tell Lady Macduff Macduff’s where abouts but he is saying Macduff is doing the right thingTheme: deception , good vs evil
–“Sirrah, your father’s dead; And what will you do now? How will you live?” –“…Poor birds they are not setfor. My father is not dead, for all your saying.” – Speakers: Lady Macduff and Sirrah Significance: his father is alive but is dead to them because he is not there for them; son believes the father is not dead because of the way the mother acts shows no sort of emotion Theme: deception and gender
“Whither should I fly? I have done no harm. But I remember now I am in this earthly world, where to do harm Is often laudable, to do good sometime Accounted dangerous folly. Why then, alas, Do I put up that womanly defense, To say I have done no harm?” – Lady Macduff Significance: earth is a place where harm is praised and good is punishedTheme: deception and gender
–“Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there Weep our sad bosoms empty” –“Let us rather Hold fast the mortal sword, and like good men Bestride our down-fall’n birthdom. Each new morn New widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows Strike heaven on the face, that it resounds As if it felt with Scotland and yelled outLike syllable of dolor.” Speaker: Malcolm and Macduff Significance: this is when Malcolm is testing Macduff and Malcolm acts as if he just wants to sit and cry, but Macduff says he wants to fight and save Scotland(This is part of Malcolm’s test)Themes: deception for good, gender (men don’t cry, they fight)
“This tyrant, whose sole name blisters our tongues, / Was once thought honest: you have loved him well; / He hath not touched you yet” (IV.iii.12-14). – Malcolm Significance: dramatic irony→ we know that Macbeth has killed all of Macduff’s family, Malcolm is also testing Macduff about his loyalty to ScotlandTheme: supernatural
“Alas, poor country! Almost afraid to know itself! It cannot Be called our mother but our grave, where nothing But who knows nothing is once seen to smile; Where sighs and groans, and shrieks that rent the air, Are made, not marked, where violent sorrow seems A modern ecstasy.” – Ross Significance: In Scotland people are dying, unnatural response by nature, sicknessThemes: sickness, good vs. evil
“Dispute it like a man” – Malcolm Significance: right after Macduff finds out his family has died. Themes: gender: women cry, men fight, natural
“Be this the whetstone of your sword. Let griefConvert to anger; blunt not the heart, enrage it” – Malcolm Significance: Malcolm wants Macduff to take Macduff’s anger and sadness and turn it into revengeThemes: revenge

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