Macbeth Act II Vocabulary

husbandry the judicious use of resources (frugal; wasteful)”There’s husbandry in heaven; their candles are all out.” [Banquo]
repose to lie still (rest; wake)”Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature gives way to in repose.” [Banquo]”Good repose the while!” [Macbeth]
largess generous bestowal of gifts (donation; loan)”[Duncan] hath been in unusual pleasure and sent forth great largess to your offices.” [Banquo]
entreat to ask earnestly, beseech (beg; command)”Yet, when we can entreat an hour to serve…” [Macbeth to Banquo]
augment to enlarge in size, number, strength, or extent (amplify; decrease)”So I lose none in seeking to augment it, but still keep my bosom franchised.” [Banquo]
franchised freedom, especially from imprisonment, servitude, or moral restraint (free; burdened)”So I lose none in seeking to augment it, but still keep my bosom franchised.” [Banquo]
palpable able to be touched or felt (tangible; imperceptible)”I see thee yet in form as palpable as this which now I draw.” [Macbeth]
dudgeon a feeling of offense or deep resentment (resentment)”…and on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood.” [Macbeth]
gouts a drop or spot, especially of blood, smoke, or flame”…and on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood.” [Macbeth]
sentinel a soldier or guard whose job it is to stand and keep watch (defender; enemy)”…and withered murderer, alarumed by his sentinel, the wolf.” [Macbeth]
stealthy behaving in a cautious manner as to not be heard or seen (secretive; conspicuous)”Whose howl’s his watch, thus with his stealthy pace…” [Macbeth]
ravish(ing) carry off by force; filling with delight (snatch, enchanting; give, boring)”…with Tarquin’s ravishing strides, towards his design.” [Macbeth]
prate to talk foolishly or tediously about (babble; be quiet)”Thy very stones prate of my whereabout / And take the present horror from my time.” [Macbeth]
knell chime (ring, signal; NA)”Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell / That summons thee to Heaven or Hell.” [Macbeth]
surfeit(ed) an excessive amount of drinking; to cause someone to desire no more of something as a result of having consumed or done it to excess (oversupply, cram; lack, abstain)”The doors are open, and the surfeited grooms / Do mock their charge with snores.” [Lady Macbeth]
infirm feeble or weak in body or health, especially because of age (ailing; healthy)”Infirm of purpose! / Give me the daggers.” [Lady Macbeth]
gild to coat with gold, gold leaf, or a gold-colored substance (cover, coat; NA)”If he do bleed, / I’ll gild the faces of the grooms withal / For it must seem their guilt.” [Lady Macbeth]
incarnadine blood red (crimson; NA)”No, this my hand will rather / The multitudinous seas incarnadine, / Making the green one red.” [Macbeth]
multitudinous forming a great number, copious (abundant; scarce)”No, this my hand will rather / The multitudinous seas incarnadine, / Making the green one red.” [Macbeth]
equivocate/equivocator to use ambiguous or unclear expressions, usually to avoid commitment or in order to mislead (deceive(r), phony; to tell the truth, honest person)”Faith, here’s an equivocator that could swear in both / the scales against either scale, who committed treason enough for God’s sake, yet could not equivocate / to Heaven. Oh, come in, equivocator.” [Porter]
carouse/carousing to drink deeply and frequently (wassail, drink; grieve, to be sober)”Faith sir, we were carousing till the second cock, and / drink, sir, is a great provoker of three things.” [Porter]
lechery unrestrained or excessive indulgence of sexual desire (debauchery, lust, wantonness; chastity, celibacy)”Lechery, / sir, it provokes, and unprovokes; it provokes the desire, / but it takes away the performance. Therefore, much / drink may be said to be an equivocator with lechery.” [Porter]
requite to make repayment, retaliate, return (reciprocate, redeem; dissatisfy, refuse)”That it did sir, i’ th’ very throat on me; but I requited / him for his lie…” [Porter]
lamentings expressions of grief or sorrow (mourning; celebration)”Lamentings heard i’ th’ air,strange screams of death…” [Lennox]
clamor a loud cry, commotion (pandemonium, silence)”The obscure bird / clamored through the livelong night.” [Lennox]
sacrilegious the violation, desecration, or theft of something considered holy or sacred (blasphemy; respect)”Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope / The Lord’s anointed temple and stole thence / The life o’ th’ building!” [Macduff]
anoint to rub oil or ointment on a part of somebody’s body, usually the head or feet, as part of a religious ceremony (bless; curse)”Most sacrilegious murder hath broke ope / The Lord’s anointed temple and stole thence / The life o’ th’ building!” [Macduff]
(to) countenance self-control; to behold or behave appropriately to (composure, response; panic, denial)”As from your graves rise up and walk like sprites / To countenance this horror! Ring the bell.” [Macduff]
parley a discussion or conference (conversation; silence)”What’s the business, / That such a hideous trumpet calls to parley / The sleepers of the house?” [Lady Macbeth]
lees the insoluble matter that settles from a liquid, especially wine (dregs; NA)”The wine of life is drawn and the mere lees / Is left this vault to brag of.” [Macbeth]
temperate moderate or self-restrained, not extreme in opinion (agreeable; uncontrolled)”Who can be wise, amazed, temp’rate and furious, / Loyal and neutral, in a moment? No man.” [Macbeth]
scruples feelings of doubt or hesitation with regard to the morality or propriety of a cause (qualms; NA)”Fears and scruples shake us.” [Banquo]
consort to habitually associate with or agree with someone, typically with the disapproval of others (associate; avoid)”What will you do? Let’s not consort with them. / To show an unfelt sorrow is an office / Which the false man does easy. I’ll to England.” [Malcolm]
suborn to induce someone to commit an unlawful act (bribe; NA)”They were suborned. / Malcolm and Donalbain, the King’s two sons, / Are stol’n away and fled, which puts upon them / Suspicion of the deed.” [Macduff]
benison a spoken blessing (benediction; damnation)”God’s benison go with you and with those / That would make good of bad and friends of foes.” [Old Man]
probe to search into or examine thoroughly, question closely (explore; ignore)
balm ointment (salve; NA)”…sore labor’s bath, / Balm of hurt minds, great nature’s second course…” [Macbeth re: sleep]
undivulged unrevealed – as in a secret, private matter, or unknown information (undisclosed; revealed)”In the great hand of God I stand, and thence / Against the undivulged pretense I fight / Of treasonous malice.” [Banquo]
sovereignty the status, dominion, power, or authority of a sovereign (kingship; submission)”The sovereignty will fall upon Macbeth.” [Ross]
predecessor something succeeded or replaced by something else (forerunner; successor)”Carried to Colmekill, / The sacred storehouse of his predecessors / And guardian of their bones.” [Macduff re: Duncan’s corpse]
Hecate Greek Mythology: a goddess of dark places, often associated with ghosts and stories. She is frequently identified with Artemis and Selene.
Tarquin Roman Prince Tarquin is known for raping the Roman matron of chastity, Lucrece.
Beelzebub another name for the devil/Satan
gorgon (1) each of the three sisters – Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa – with snakes for hair who had the power to turn anyone who looked at them to stone (2) a fierce, frightening, or repulsive woman; hag
How many in a score? 20

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