Macbeth Act II and III literary terms

“I have thee not, and yet I see thee still” parallelism
“Tarquin’s ravishing strides” Allusion
“Thou sure and firm-set earth, hear not my steps” apostrophe
“come, seeling night” apostrophe
a statement that although seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well founded or true. paradox
“I have thee not, and yet I see thee still” paradox
the use of similar grammatical structure to emphasize or link related ideas parallelism
“I have thee not, and yet I see thee still” parallelism
Tarquin’s ravishing strides allusion
“Banquo, thy soul’s flight, If it find heaven, must find it out tonight” couplet
two consecutive lines of verse with end rhyme couplet
a figure of speech that endows animals, ideas, abstractions, and inanimate objects with human qualities personification
“Withered murder alarumed by his sentinel, the wolf…” personification
earth was feverous and did shake (Lennox) personification
comparison using like or as simile
“Whole as marble,founded in rock, as broad and general as chasing air” simile
comparison without like or as metaphor
“Sleep that knits up the raveled sleave of care…the death of each day’s life, sore labor’s bath, balm of hurt minds, great nature’s second course, chief nourisher in life’s feast” metaphor
life of the building (king) metaphor
upon my head they placed a fruitless crown and put a barren sceptor in my gripe metaphor
eternal jewel (soul) metaphor
“Common enemy of man” (devil) metaphor
we have scorched the snake not killed it (macbeth) metaphor
“There the grown serpent (Banquo) lies; the worm (Fleance) thats fled”- macbeth metaphor
I am in blood stepped in so far that i should wade no more- macbeth metaphor
part referring to a whole synecdoche
“Both with eye and tongue….And make our faces vizards to our hearts” synecdoche
sets the mood pathetic fallacy
“And yet dark night strangles traveling lamp: is’t night’s predominance or the day’s shame, that darkness does the face of earth entomb, when living light shall kiss it” pathetic fallacy
the night has been unruly… some say the earth was feverous and did shake pathetic fallacy
a contrast or opposition of thoughts, usually in two phrases, clauses, or sentences antithesis
“Who can be wise, amazed, temp’rate and furious, loyal and neutral in a moment?” antithesis
Noughts had, alls spent antithesis
the words or acts of a character may carry a meaning unperceived by the character but understood by the audience dramatic irony
“O gentle lady, t’is not for you to hear what i speak” dramatic irony
“And to our dear friend Banquo, who we miss” dramatic irony
what are the five motifs? blood, bird, deceit, sleep, and unnaturalness

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