Macbeth Act 4 Comprehension Check

what is the first apparition and what does it say? the armed head (Armour);it means beware of macduff
what is the second apparition and what does it tell macbeth? why does macbeth feeh he can ignore the first apparition’s warning? the bloody child;do not fear one born of women;can ignore it bc everyone is born of women
what is the third apparition? what does it tell macbeth? why does macbeth feel he can dismiss this apparition as well? a crowned child with a tree;it tells macbeth that he will never be killed untill Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane.he can dismiss it bc trees cannot move
what final question does macbeth have for the witches? what do the witches show him? he wants to know if banquo’s children will rule;they show him a line of men with one at the end holding a mirror. (all look like banquo)
what is ironic about macbeth’s line “infected be the air whereon they ride,/ and damned all those that trust them?” he is trusting the witches and now he will be damned for it
to where has macduff fled? what is macbeth’s soulution to this new problem? england;his solution is to kill macduff
what is macduff’s wife’s reaction to the news that macduff has left her? very mad
how does ross justify macduff’s actions to his wife? he says that there is a good reason macduff has left but he cannot talk about it
what does lady macduff tell her son about macduff? he is a trador
what does macduff’s son say about lady macduff? that she will easily find a new husband
why doesnt lady mcduff leave after she has been warned? she does not want to leave her home
why doesnt malcolm initially trust macduff? he is not able to trust anyone at this point
what do malcolm and macduff now call macbeth? what do they think about how macbeth has been running the country? a tyrant;they are ashamed & disgusted to call Scotland their home
how does malcolm “test” macduff’s allegiance? he acts likes he is a tyrant and says how he will run the country down to the ground (kind of like macbeth)
what kinds of things does malcolm say he would do as king? list two take advantage of all the women to fufill his lust;steal his land owners money & turn the people against eachother
who has malcolm joined forces with? what have they already done to go against macbeth? king edward’s son- siward;already gathered 10,00 men & are ready to fight
describe what edward the confessor, king of england, has done for his people, according to malcolm. cured them with prayer and had a gift of prophecy
what news does ross bring macduff? what is macduff’s immediate reaction? what does he then realize? his family was murdered;realizes that it is all his fault because he left for england and did not take his family
what does macduff vow to do as the end of this scene? revenge against macbeth
What were the four visions witches show macbeth an armed head(beware mcduff), a bloody child (not be harmed by anyone “born of woman”) a crowned child with a tree in hand ( not be vaquished ’til birnam wood comes to dunsinane) and 8 kings followed by banquo’s ghost with mirror ( banquo descendent will be kings)
Macbeth’s tragic flaw his ambition; he never has enough
LM and M’s character cycl throughout th play beginning: LM-manly M-not manlyend: LM-not manly M-manly
Macbeth and Banquo as foils
“True, worthy Banquo. He is full so valiant,And in his commendations I am fed;It is a banquet to me.—Let’s after him,Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome:It is a peerless kinsman.” Duncan to Banquo
“Awake, awake!Ring the alarum bell. Murder and treason!Banquo and Donalbain! Malcolm! Awake!Shake off this downy sleep, death’s counterfeit,And look on death itself! Up, up, and seeThe great doom’s image!” Macduff
“Come on, gentle my lord,Sleek o’er your rugged looks. Be bright and jovialAmong your guests tonight.” LM to M
“But there’s no bottom, none,In my voluptuousness. Your wives, your daughters,Your matrons, and your maids could not fill upThe cistern of my lust, and my desireAll continent impediments would o’erbearThat did oppose my will. Better MacbethThan such an one to reign.” Malcolm to Macduff
“Canst thou not minister to a mind diseased,Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow,Raze out the written troubles of the brainAnd with some sweet oblivious antidoteCleanse the stuffed bosom of that perilous stuffWhich weighs upon the heart?” Macbeth to Doctor
Logos logic. an argument based on facts, evidence, and reason. appealing to reader’s sense of whats logical
pathos emotions/passion. an argument based on feelings. appealing to reader’s emotions and feelings
ethos ethics/credibility. an argument based on character. appealing to the audience’s sense of ethical behavior

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