Macbeth Act 4 and 5 Test

How do the witches lull Macbeth into a sense of false security? They create apparitions to trick Macbeth and to convince him that he is invincible and no one can kill him. The apparitions tell MacBeth what he wants to hear and he believes what they tell him
How does Macbeth feel after his second meeting with the witches? What things might reassure him, and what things might trouble him? The riddles reassure him of his invincibility, but the warning of Macduff and the image of Banquo as the ancestor of a great line of kings disturbs Macbeth.
When Macbeth says (Act 4, Scene 1) that “the flighty purpose never is o’ertook/ unless the deed go with it”, what does he mean in general and in the situation in which he says it. He actually means unless a person does something the second they think of it they’ll never get the chance to do it. He is hearing from Lennox that MacDuff has fled to England. he is acting very impulsively now.
How does Lady Macduff feel about her husbands leaving her alone? Why has he done this? Lady Macduff thinks that her husband doesn’t love her and their children. He has fled to England to gather an army to defeat Macbeth.
When Ross came to see Lady Macduff how does he behave and why? Ross behaves as a calm character but in reality he is in a state of chaos. He is nervous because he says he needs to leave because if he stays any longer he will cry.
Briefly explain Macduff’s description to Malcolm of the state of affairs in Scotland. What does the audience know which makes Macduff’s account even more painful? Macduff says ” new widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows” which is ironic because the audience knows that Macduff’s family is all dead.
Why might Malcolm be suspicious of Macduff? Does he know as much as the audience does about why Macbeth and Macduff are enemies? Malcolm could be suspicious of Macduff because he hasn’t been harmed yet and fears that Macduff may be trapping him for Macbeth. No, Malcolm says that Macduff was his fathers favorite.
Malcolm pretends to be even more evil than Macbeth. Why does he do this? What does he discover by doing so? Malcolm wants to test Macduff and his loyalty to Scotland and not to Macbeth. He discovers that Macduff is very loyal and has a lot of integrity.
In act 4 scene 3, there is an account of the miraculous healing powers of the English king- what is the purpose of this? What effect does it have on the audience? This introduces the king into the story as a honest and good person. The audience realizes that the king is capable of positive traits.
When Macduff asks Ross about his family, Ross replies “…they were well at peace when i did leave ’em”. Explain why he gives the answer and what it might mean. He gives this answer so he does not have to get straight to the point. it may mean that Macduff’s family was at peace after they were murdered.
How does Lady Macbeth’s behavior in Act 5, scene 1 affect the way the audience sees her? Lady Macbeth is sleepwalking and talking to herself. She is also washing her hands in the air as if there was water so the audience realizes that she is feeling guilty and starts to act crazy.
Angus says that Macbeth’s royal title “…is like a giant’s robe/Upon a dwarfish thief” Explain what this means and whether its a fair description of Macbeth. Can you find other references in the play to the wearing of clothes, as a metaphor or simile for something else? Angus means that Macbeth isn’t capable of being a noble king, but instead being a weak one. In act 1 he says “why do you dress me in borrowed robes?” when he is given the title of thane of cawdor which shows his hesitancy.
Why does Macbeth say “that he must not look to have…that which should accompany old age”? What are these things and what does he expect to have “in their stead”? Macbeth says this because he thinks he will not have any family or loyal friends as he grows old. In their place he will be cursed and be lonely.
Why does Malcolm order his soldiers to cut boughs from the trees of Birnam wood? Explain the ways in which the audience and (later) Macbeth see more in this action than Malcolm has intended in giving the order? Malcolm orders the soldiers to use the branches as camouflage. Later on when Macbeths messenger comes to him, he tells Macbeth that it “appears” that the forest is moving.
Macbeth claims he has “almost forgot the taste of fears”. Is this a convincing claim? Give reasons for your answers? This is a convincing claim because ever since he murdered Duncan he has had this mentality of ” I can do anything and everything” so he now feels invincible.
Perhaps the most famous speech in the play is the one that begins “tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow”. In your own words, summarize the main points that Macbeth makes in this speech. Macbeth compares his life to a candle being blown out to fast and like an actor who goes on stage and worries for his hour on stage, then is never talked about again. He says that life is a story told by an idiot and full of violence.
When Macbeth fights Young Siward he is very confident of the outcome? Why is this? Is he right to be so confident? Young Siward was born from a woman which meant Macbeth was not afraid of him.
Macduff believes that he alone should kill Macbeth. Why does he think this? What other reason emerges, when he speaks with Macbeth, for his being the only person who should do this? Macduff wants to kill Macbeth on his own to get revenge for his families deaths. He claims he doesn’t want to fight his “Lame soldiers”
How does Macbeth feel about fighting Macduff? What makes up his mind to do so? Macbeth tells Macduff that he has lived a very charmed life but swears that he will fight till the end.
How does Old Siward feel about the death of his soon? He makes a joke at this point – does this suggest that he doesn’t care, or that he is controlling his feelings? Old Siward says he wishes he had many more sons as heirs to die bravely. He is proud of his son who died nobly and that he showed more dignity than tyrants. Siward does care he is proud.

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