Macbeth Act 4

4.1: “Speak. Demand. We’ll answer.” meaning? who is speaking? Witches -They will respond unlike in Act 1-MB more capable?-MB powerless?
4.1: “First Apparition: an armed Head ; Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! beware Macduff;Beware the thane of Fife. Dismiss me. Enough.” meaning? who is speaking? Apparition -“Armed Head” = knight-Beware MD
4.1: “Whate’er thou art, for thy good caution, thanks;Thou hast harp’d my fear aright: but one word more,-” meaning? who is speaking? Macbeth-Spoken what I was already thinking -Scared of MD
4.1: “Second Apparition: A bloody Child ; Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scornThe power of man, for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth.” meaning? who is speaking? Apparition -Bloody bold determined -No man born of a woman can harm you
4.1: “Then live, Macduff: what need I fear of thee? But yet I’ll make assurance double sure, And take a bond of fate: thou shalt not live;That I may tell pale-hearted fear it lies,And sleep in spite of thunder.” meaning? who is speaking? Macbeth-I am still going to kill MD-Can’t let things be, have to kill him
4.1: “Third Apparition: a Child crowned, with a tree in his hand ; Be lion-mettled, proud; and take no careWho chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are:Macbeth shall never vanquish’d be untilGreat Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill Shall come against him.” meaning? who is speaking? Apparition -You’ll live until Birnam Forest comes to Dunsiane (MB’s castle)-Permission to be a savage tyrant
4.1: “That will never beWho can impress the forest, bid the treeUnfix his earth-bound root? Sweet bodements! good!Rebellion’s head, rise never till the wood Of Birnam rise, and our high-placed Macbeth Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breathTo time and mortal custom. Yet my heart Throbs to know one thing: tell me, if your art Can tell so much: shall Banquo’s issue ever Reign in this kingdom?” meaning? who is speaking? Macbeth-That will never happen -Who can command NATURE? (irony) -I am in good shape -Dead are staying in ground, same as trees
4.1: “A show of Eight Kings, the last with a glass in his hand; GHOST OF BANQUO following” meaning? who is speaking? Witches-Truth, doesn’t say anything
4.1: “Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo: down! Thy crown does sear mine eye-balls. And thy hair, Thou other gold-bound brow, is like the first. A third is like the former. Filthy hags! Why do you show me this? A fourth! Start, eyes! What, will the line stretch out to the crack of doom?Another yet! A seventh! I’ll see no more: And yet the eighth appears, who bears a glass Which shows me many more; and some I seeThat two-fold balls and treble scepters carry: Horrible sight! Now, I see, ’tis true; For the blood-bolter’d Banquo smiles upon me, And points at them for his.” meaning? who is speaking? Macbeth-Too like the spirt of B -Reminding him of truth -Same color hair and looks like B-“crack of doom” = end of the world -“see no more” = denial -“blood-boltered B” – alliteration
4.1: Pattern of Apparitions? -Unexpected outcome, but will happen -MB will lose his power -MB allowed to be BLOODY, savage, tyrant, corrupt -GIVING MB CONFIDENCE & FEAR
4.1: “Time, thou anticipatest my dread exploits: The flighty purpose never is o’ertook Unless the deed go with it” meaning? who is speaking? Macbeth-MD fled -MB can’t kill him-IMPULSIVITY of MB
4.1: “from this momentThe very firstlings of my heart shall beThe firstlings of my hand.” meaning? who is speaking? Macbeth-“firstlings” = firstborn, first actions -“hand” = extensions of himself
4.1: “give to the edge o’ the swordHis wife, his babes, and all unfortunate souls That trace him in his line.” meaning? who is speaking? Macbeth-Can’t kill MD so kill family -Shutting off moral compass
4.2: What happens? LMD and children are murdered
4.3: What happens? MD and Malcom in EnglandMalcom testing the LOYALTY of MD -Authentic Scotland?-MB?
4.3: “Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there Weep our sad bosoms empty.” meaning? who is speaking? Malcom -Sad -Want to sit and cry about LOSS of SCOTLAND
4.3: “Let us rather Hold fast the mortal sword, and like good men.” meaning? who is speaking? Macduff -Let’s fight back -“good men” = GENDER, fight in name of country
4.3: “each new morn New widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows Strike heaven on the face, that it resounds As if it felt with Scotland and yell’d out Like syllable of dolour.” meaning? who is speaking? Macduff-People are dying in Scotland -Heaven is crying
4.3: “I am not treacherous. (—)But Macbeth is. A good and virtuous nature may recoil In an imperial charge.” meaning? who is speaking? MD then Malcom -MB’s power is so strong -Even if MD says he is loyal-“imperial” = royalty
4.3: “That which you are my thoughts cannot transpose: Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell; Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so” meaning? who is speaking? Malcolm-MB = hiding true self well-Maybe MD doing the same -Connection to Bible -LOOK 1 WAY, ACT ANOTHER
4.3: “When I shall tread upon the tyrant’s head, Or wear it on my sword, yet my poor country Shall have more vices than it had before, More suffer and more sundry ways than ever, By him that shall succeed.” meaning? who is speaking? Malcolm-What if Mal was king?-Fulle of vice -Make MB look innocent
4.3: “In my voluptuousness: your wives, your daughters, Your matrons and your maids, could not fill up The cistern of my lust, and my desireAll continent impediments would o’erbear That did oppose my will: better Macbeth Than such an one to reign.” meaning? who is speaking? Malcolm-Mal is “voluptueus” & wants many women-MB is a better king
4.3: “We have willing dames enough:”meaning? who is speaking? Macduff-Don’t worry about it-A lot of women
4.3: “were I king, I should cut off the nobles for their lands, Desire his jewels and this other’s house: And my more-having would be as a sauce To make me hunger more; that I should forge Quarrels unjust against the good and loyal, Destroying them for wealth.” meaning? who is speaking? Malcolm-Greedy -Want houses and wealth
4.3: “yet do not fear; Scotland hath foisons to fill up your will. Of your mere own: all these are portable,With other graces weigh’d.” meaning? who is speaking? Macduff-Good qualities still out way Mal’s bad
4.3: “Nay, had I power, I shouldPour the sweet milk of concord into hell, Uproar the universal peace, confound All unity on earth.” meaning? who is speaking? Malcolm-Chaos, hell brake loose -“sweet milk”, “pour” = disrupting peace
4.3: “O Scotland, Scotland!” meaning? who is speaking? Macduff-My precious Scotland -You’re not a good leader
4.3: Why does Malcolm test MD? Malcolm is seeing if MD is worthy-Showing him a awful king to see if he is appalled -If so it’s good for the country
4.3: “What, all my pretty chickens and their dam At one fell swoop?” meaning? who is speaking? Macduff- = NATURAL – Has feelings – GENDER?
4.3: “Dispute it like a man. (—-)I shall do so;But I must also feel it as a man:” meaning? who is speaking? Malcolm then MD-Need to feel -GENDER?-Real leadership = real human feelings

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