Macbeth Act 4

First Apparition: an armed head Link to the beheading of the Thane of Cawdor. Proleptic Irony hinting that Macbeth will be beheaded. The apparitions are telling the truth through equivocation
Second Apparition: a bloody child Juxtaposition between the violnece and innocence of children. Link to 4.2, Macbeth’s fear of Banquo’s children and Macduff’s birth
Third Apparition: a child crowned with a tree in his hand Represents Banquo’s children. The tree represents Dunsinane to Birnham Wood, he will never be defeated until Birnham Wood moves to Dunsinane
High-placed Macbeth Represents arrogance and tragic hubris as he speaks in the third person
Twofold balls and treble sceptres Unification of the countries. Link to James I
Each new morn, new widows howl, ne orpans cry, new sorrows strike Heaven Repitition of ‘new’ adds emphasis of the horrors building up everyday in Scotland. Dramatic Irony with when Macduff’s family was killedPersonification with Strike Heaven showing what an offence to nature his reign is. He’s worried Macduff will win favour
Angel’s are bright still, the brightest fell Just like Lucifer falling from Heaven, the fall of Lucifer parallels Macbeth as a tragic hero. Religious imagery is used to relate to the theme of good vs evil and appearances vs reality.
Legions of horrid Hell, can come a devil more damned in evils to top Macbeth Hyperbole and Metaphor display clear hellish imagery which juxtaposes Macbeth from the start of the play

You Might Also Like