Macbeth Act 4

Double, double toil and trouble: Fire, burn; and, cauldron, bubble. Act 4 Scene 1. All 3 witches. Begins the scene, making a potion.
Finger of birth-strangled babe. Act 4 Scene 1. Witch 3. Ingredient for the potion, which mirrors Lady Macbeth.
By the pricking of my thumbs, something wicked this way comes. Act 4 Scene 1. Witch 2. If the witches experience physical fear, then Macbeth must be truly evil.
Secret, black and midnight hags. Act 4 Scene 1. Macbeth – how he refers to the witches.
Had I three ears, I’d hear thee. Act 4 Scene 1. Macbeth jokes with the witches as they shout his name.
None of woman born shall harm Macbeth Act 4 Scene 1 – the witches prophesy that Macduff will kill Macbeth.
Damn’d all those that trust them! Act 4 Scene 1. Macbeth’s negative reaction against the witches.
He loves us not: He wants the natural touch Act 4 Scene 2. Lady Macduff believes that Macduff does not love their family.
Nay how will you do for a husband? Act 4 Scene 2. Lady Macduff’s son’s reaction to LM when she asks how he will fare without a father.
Traitor … one that swears and lies. Act 4 Scene 2. Lady Macduff’s description of Macduff.
Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there weep our sad bosoms empty. Act 4 Scene 3. Malcolm is portrayed as effeminate and weak.
Let us rather hold fast the mortal sword Act 4 Scene 3. Macduff in contrast to Malcolm appears more like a warrior – more masculine.
Each new morn, new widows howl, new orphans cry Act 4 Scene 3. Macduff describes the sorrow of the people under Macbeth’s terror.
Those precious motives, those strong knots of love. Act 4 Scene 3. Malcolm questions why Macduff left his wife and children alone.
It weeps, it bleeds; and each new day a gash is added to her wounds … my poor country Act 4 Scene 3. Malcolm describes the damage to Scotland.
Not in the legions of horrid Hell can come a devil more damned in evils, to top Macbeth. Act 4 Scene 3. The extent to which Macduff perceives Macbeth as evil.
Smacking of every sin. Act 4 Scene 3. Malcolm describing Macbeth’s sins.
Fit to govern? No, not to live. Act 4 Scene 3. Macduff, when asked if Macbeth is a good ruler.
Alas, poor country … it cannot be call’d our mother, but our grave. Act 4 Scene 3. Rosse, referring to Scotland.
How does my wife? … And all my children? Act 4 Scene 3. In spite of leaving them, Macduff does still care for his family.
My children too? … My wife kill’d too? … All my pretty ones? Did you say all? … All my pretty chickens Act 4 Scene 3. Macduff’s heart-breaking reaction to the news of his family’s death.
I must also feel it like a man Act 4 Scene 3. Macduff uses the theme of masculinity to describe his grief at his family’s death.
Dispute it like a man … let grief convert to anger; blunt not the heart, enrage it. Act 4 Scene 3. Malcolm wishes for Macduff to use his grief as anger against Macbeth.

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