Macbeth Act 4

What is the purpose of the three apparitions? Purpose: give information for the future-it is up to Macbeth to make the interpretations. The witches want to be entertained by Macbeth.1st apparation: warns Macbeth against Macduff2nd apparation:
What does the first apparition look like and what does it warn Macbeth? The first apparition has an armed head which represents adult Macduff as he warns Macbeth against Macduff
What does the second apparition look like and what does it warn Macbeth? The second apparition looks like a bloody child providing imagery symbolizing Macduff and tells him not to trust anyone born from a woman, as he can overpower them. The catch here is that he never says anything about C-sections
What does the third apparition look like and what does it warn Macbeth? The third apparition looks like a child crowned with a tree in his hand as he is supposed to provide images for Malcolm as a child having what Macbeth dreams, royalty as the clothing provides images with the crown as he says ignore the haters until a big battle in which the trees will move to high Dunsinane Hill.
When Macbeth talks to the three witches and demands to know more information, what tone does he use? demanding and serioud
3 Major images in play blood, children, clothes
Why is Macduff in England? He is seeing Malcolm as he is troubled about Macbeth’s recent actions. He wants to restore linage in England
What is the weather like in the beginning of the act? thunder- foreshadows grave event about to happen (murder is coming soon)
How have the witches view of Macbeth changed? In the beginning of the play, when Macbeth is approaching the witches they refer to him as his name and call him a name but by Act 4, they call him wicked because of the acts he has done. This is an example of characterization.
When Macbeth demands to the witches that he knows of his prophecy, what imagery is being used? Destruction
How does Macbeth react to the three apparitions He thinks they are fake
Do the witches give Macbeth more information when he asks for it? no reason, will make Macduff weak and give him more power though
does Macbeth consider the equivocal nature UNTIL? only pays attention to what helps him, ignores everything else
Pernicious (adj.) fatal, deadly
Judicious (adj.) showing good judgement
Sundry (adj.) various; miscellaneous
Intemperance (n.) lack of restraint
Avarice (n.) greed
Credulous (adj.) tending to believe too readily
How does Malcolm test Macduff? see if still loyal by questioning the loyalty of him
What does the test reveal about Malcolm and Macduff? questions the loyalty of England
How does Macduff respond to when asked to take the news about his family “like a man?” way to grieve, feels guilt
How would you characterize Macduff, based on the reaction to the murder of his wife and son? he cared- needs to feel sadness and grief and move past
Compare and contrast Macduff’s understanding of manhood with definitions of it earlier in the play earlier manhood relates to physical strength. Now, manhood is about a man confronting his feelings and being honest with himself.
In Act IV, Scene ii, find images that show children and babies are in danger from Macbeth and also threaten him one of the apparitions tells Macbeth to be bloody and strong and not let anybody stand in his way, even children.
Why is Macbeth at war with the future, which babies and children represent? image of royal babies scar Macbeth. He is scared future generations will be royal as Banquo’s sons
Why does reading this description of Scotland with your senses give a greater urgency to the dialogue between Macduff and Malcolm in Act IV, scene iii? Scotland falls apart due to Macbeth, lines 39-41 have touch, sight, and sound. Senses reinforce the danger Malcolm is in
What is the state of affairs at the end of Act IV? Widespread turmoil, people getting murdered, representative of what is happening to Macbeth.
Metaphor, “Let’s make us med’cines of our great revenge” channels energy to a greater good and runs away to try and safe self for England. Restore order to Scotland!
Metaphor, “O hell-kite! What, all pretty chickens and their dam At one fell swoop?” chickens represent Macduff’s family. Macbeth killing his family brings out Macduff’s paternal side as he wishes to protect his wife and children. Connecting to predator as Macbeth is attacking helpless prey (family)
Explain how images of sickness relate to conflict between Macbeth and Malcolm Malcolm should be king instead of Macbeth as Scotland if it was not for the murder of his father and him running off would not be facing the turmoil it now did with Macbeth in rule.Macbeth having no kids reinforces the rule that his dreams of having children rule cannot come true and his crimes are pointless.
Imagery language that writers use to recreate sensory experiences and stir emotions. Helps the reader see, hear, feel, smell, and taste, rather than just reading or listening to the words. Shakespeare uses a lot. Purpose is to create sensory images and the patterns of images reinforce themes

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