Macbeth: Act 3, Scene 4

1-2: “at first and last,/the hearty welcome” Macbeth is being confident and joyful to his guests by greeting them with kindness. This is quite ironic as we know he has just killed Banquo.
15: “Is he dispatch’d?” Macbeth is asking if Banquo has been dealt with – i.e. killed – showing that Macbeth is lacking in humanity as he is basically referring to Banquo as a ‘thing’ and nothing more.
24-25: “But now I am cabin’d, cribb’d, confin’d, bound in/To saucy doubts and fears” Macbeth is beginning to unravel his fears as he feels trapped in the cycle of murder and feels so engulfed in it, that he has to carry on. The alliteration further develops this.
90-91: “friend Banquo, whom we miss./Would he were here” Macbeth uses irony in this sentence because we, as an audience, know that he ordered the murder so cannot be missing him. Shakespeare included this dialogue to lighten up the atmosphere.
99: “What man dare, I dare” Macbeth begins to challenge the ghost of Banquo which shows that he is receding to madness. It also shows that he has left all humanity behind and has crossed the line to be a beast. This also links back to Act 1, Scene 7 when Macbeth says “I dare do all that may become a man;/Who dares do more is none” which shows a contradiction to how is he acting now.
100-101: “Russian bear”, “arm’d rhinoceros” and “Hycran tiger” Macbeth compares Banquo to all of these fierce animals to present how scared he is of him and that is a lot more powerful than Macbeth is.
122: “It will have blood they say: blood will have blood” Macbeth is saying that people will use murder to revenge against those killed. The repetition of “blood” shows that he is emphatic that what is going to happen will end in chaos. Furthermore, this is the last time that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are together as they both go their separate ways to madness.
136-137: “I am in blood/Stepp’d in so far that should I wade no more” Macbeth uses graphic imagery to say that he cannot go back, so there is no turning around. He struggles with what to do as he feels trapped. Therefore, slipping further and further into madness.

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