Macbeth Act 3 Literary Devices

Metaphor Definition: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.ex). “We have scorched the snake, not killed it.”Explanation: The “snake” represents the dangers Macbeth has being the king. He says he only “scorched” it meaning that they have not completely eliminated the danger.
Allusion Definition: An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.ex). My genius is rebuked, as it is saidMark Antony’s was by Caesar. Explanation: Macbeth is referring to to his rivalry with Banquo. This quote shows how he believes he will be defeated by Banquo just as Mark Antony was defeated by Octavius Caesar.
Foreshadowing Definition: be a warning or indication of (a future event)ex). ” it is concluded. Banquo, thy souls flight, if it find heaven, must find it out to-night”Explanation: This indicates Banquo’s death will happen that very night because Macbeth hired murders.
Irony Definition: a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character’s words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character.ex). Naught’s had, all’s spent,Where our desire is got without content.’Tis safer to be that which we destroyThan by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.Explanation: This line said by Lady Macbeth is ironic because she says how Macbeth and herself have killed others to gain power but now she believes that it may be better to be dead because you do not have to live in constant fear that someone is going to kill you.
Personification Definition: The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human formex). “Our time does call upon ‘s.”Explanation: Banquo gives time the human ability to speak.

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