Macbeth Act 3

indissoluble (SYN) syn. permanent, enduring, constant
dauntless (SYN) syn. brave, daring, fearless
jocund (SYN) syn. jolly, elated, lighthearted
infirmity (SYN) syn. aliment, affliction, frailty
malevolence ill will; spitefulness
conflict struggle between two forces and creates drama
external conflict struggle between two characters or groups
internal conflict struggle within a character
climax The climax of a play is the point at which the internal and external conflicts are greatest. The action rises to the climax–the moment of highest tension–and then falls as the conflicts are resolved.
dramatic irony Occurs when the words or actions of a character take on a meaning for the audience or readers different from the one the character intends.
posterity all succeeding generations
verity a statement or belief acknowledged to be truth
oracle something or someone believed to be a source of wisdom
indissoluble lasting or permanent
council a serious discussion among a group
bestow to give or grant
parricide the murder of a parent
dauntless fearless
chid to scold in a mild way
unlineal not hereditary
bounteous plentiful
grapple to grip and hold
liege a lord or sovereign
incense to make very angry
sundry miscellaneous; small number
malice a desire to be hurtful to others
levy the imposing or collecting of taxes or other payments
jovial playfully good humored
jocund jovial; cheerful
cloister a place of religious seculsion
venom spiteful; malice
gory bloody
appall to horrify and shock
imposter a person who pretends to be something he is not
grandam an old woman
infirmity weakness; feebleness
delinquent not doing what duty or law requires
ratify to approve
homage anything done to show honoror respect
How does Macbeth react to success? throws a party, orders a murder
Why does Macbeth want Banquo murdered? he fears the prophecy (Banquo’s sons)
How are Macbeth’s plans for Banquo’s murder different from his plan for Duncan’s murder? He hires murderers; doesn’t do it himself; doesn’t tell Lady Macbeth the details; not manipulated by Lady Macbeth
Why are the murderers prepared to follow out Macbeth’s wishes? they are beaten down and angry and at a low point in life, he is king, they dislike Banquo
What is the meaning of Macbeth’s opening speech in this scene? He mentions Duncan’s death. The first part of the prophecy is complete, but worries if the second part will come true.
In this scene, what is Macbeth’s state of mind? He is worried and afraid that people will find out he murdered Duncan.
On the other hand, how does Macbeth show that his resolve and ambition have become stronger? He thinks about killing Banquo. He has already killed the king, so he will keep doing what he must until he is King.
What happens at the ambush? The murderers (hired by Macbeth) kill Banquo, but his son Fleance escapes.
Upon returning to the banquet table, what does Macbeth see and how does he respond? How do the others respond? He sees Banquo’s ghost. No one else sees anything, they are confused.
What does Lady Macbeth say to Macbeth? To get a control of himself. Be a man or everyone will suspect him.
How does Macbeth behave during the dinner? he is out of his mind. He is talking to Banquo’s ghost and tells his gets he must be sick. Everyone eventually leaves.
For what reason does Macbeth mention Macduff’s name? He realizes that he did not come to the feast and is suspicious of him.
What does Macbeth say he will do next? He will send spies out to look for Macduff.
Who is Hecate and why is she angry? She is the leader of the witches. They did not tell her that they were going to talk with Macbeth and now she feels that they will not benefit from his actions.
Lennox may be said to be extremely careful in his speech. Why is this? You never say anything bad against the King.
What activity do Banquo and Fleance plan to do before the banquet? horseback riding
Why does Macbeth hire murderers to kill Banquo and Fleance? he fears the witches’ prophecy that Banquo’s sons will be kings
How does Macbeth manipulate the murderers so that they will kill Banquo? he says Banquo is to blame for their poverty
Why doesn’t Macbeth sit at the head of the banquet table? He sees the ghost of Banquo
What excuse does Lady Macbeth offer for her husband’s strange behavior? He is suffering from a childhood illness
Whom does Macbeth plan to meet with in order to discuss how he should proceed? the witches
What is “mortals’ chiefest enemy,” according to Hecate? security
What is the tone of Lennox’s discussion with the lord about the state of Scotland’s leadership? sarcastic
According to the lord, what does Macduff plan to do? travel to England to seek support in order to challenge Macbeth
Does Banquo wish for his prophecy to come true to since Macbeth’s has? (scene 1) No, because the witches scare him
Who is Macbeth’s chief guest? (scene 1) Banquo, this foreshadows his death
Who does Macbeth blame for Duncan’s death? (scene 1) Malcom and Donalbain
What does Macbeth compare the murderers to? (scene 1) dogs
Is Lady Macbeth happy at the order for Banquo’s death? (scene 1) no
“upoun my hand they place a fruitless womb and put a barren spetre in my grip” (scene 3, line 66-67) Macbeth is king, but he will not have a son to continue his line; king without heir easy to overthrow
When did the exiting portion happen, the beginning of the rising action? prophecy
Is killing Duncan the climax? No, it’s the rising action
What rises with the rising action? Macbeth’s paranoia
What is the murderer’s relationship with Banquo? (scene 3) Banquo did not do right by them (Macbeth says he isn’t the one who did it), the murderers are peasants desperate for money because of famine (that would actually be Macbeth’s fault, he’s blaming all those problems on Banquo)
Why can’t Macbeth kill Banquo? (scene 3) Because they are friends
What did Macbeth tell the murderers about Fleance? That it would be good if they killed him too
If Banquo had his throat cut, what happened to Fleance? (scene 4) escaped
What is sit in Macbeth’s seat? (scene 4) Banquo’s ghost
What does Macbeth say to Banquo? (scene 4) to not speak of the murders and that he is not solid and not real
How does Lady Macbeth deal with Macbeth’s hallucinations? (scene 4) He tells the Lords that he is crazy
Has Macbeth slept recently? (scene 4) no
What does Hecate tell the witches? (scene 5) that they should have involved her in their plots as she is the source of all their power and Macbeth is unworthy. She sends them to meet Macbeth once more.
What is Macduff doing? (scene 6) He went to Northumberland to ask Lord Siward (as Malcom asked the English King Edward) for help with the throne. He will not return to Scotland even after being asked by Macbeth messanger and Macbeth thinks anger
What do the Lords think of macbeth (scene 6)? Tyrant, not rightful king like Malcom
What is the climax of the play? Banquo’s death
What does the killing of Banquo do to Macbeth’s paranoia? makes it worse
What happens directly after the climax? the tragic force (start of falling action); Fleance’s escape
Why was the third murderer there? (Act 3) He was a spy, someone there sent to make sure Fleance (10 to 8 yrso) lives
Do the first two murderers know the third? (Act 3) No, the third says Macbeth sent him
Why do we see Banquo killed but not Duncan? Macbeth didn’t want to murder Duncan so it is shielded from the story, but he actually did want to kill Banquo. It was an increase in brutatlity (bc we hit the climax).
Why does Macbeth not tell Lady Macbeth about Banquo’s death? (scene 2) He doesn’t feel the need to discuss things with his wife anymore; they switched roles
It is safer to be that which we destroy/then by satisfaction dwell in doubtful joy Would rather be safe than sorry; they got what they desired, but she would rather be what they used to be than doubt what they have done
What is Lady Macbeth worried about when she tells Macbeth that he is “spending too much time alone…..what’s done is done” (scene 2)? How does Macbeth respond? she tells him to stop worrying about the killing of Duncan. He says they “scorched the snake, not killed it” by killing Duncan, but they haven’t gotten rid of the rest of the prophecy
In scene 2 which Macbeth would rather be dead? LM would rather be dead than suffer the continued torture of living, M says that even though it would be more peaceful to be dead (no torture of fear of being found), they still have a job to finish
What does Macbeth mean when he refers to Lady Macbeth of a Chuck? It’s an endearment
What does Macbeth being pale symbolize? (scene 3) His great stress/paranoia, not guilt
Things bad begun make strong themselves by ill (scene 3) Domino effect; once something starts out bad (prophecy), it keeps getting worse (he’s choosing to kill more). He’s talking about Banquo and betrayal. He needs to apply it to himself. He says Banquo is the illness making everything getting worse and worse, so he has to kill him to stop the pain.
Who is loyal to Macbeth right now? (scene 4) Ross and Lennox
Why does Macbeth compare himself to marble? (scene 4) ESSAY WARNING When he thought Banquo and Fleance were dead he felt invincible like a marble statue, but now he knows Fleance is alive he feels imprisoned. The triple C alliteration sounds like choking (pg. 101)
What does Macbeth compare Fleance to? (scene 4) A worm who has “no teeth” for the present or he is not old enough to be a threat
Why does Macbeth say he wants Banquo to show up? What does Ross say on this? (scene 4) He wants to be clean of his crimes and Ross says that Banquo is suspious because he was on a journey Macbeth told him to return from.
What does Macbeth say when Ross asks him to sit down? (scene 4) He says the table’s full because Banquo’s ghost
How does Macbeth respond to LM’s emasculation? (scene 4) What’s point of killing if people just come back, it’s too much
Why does the ghost disapear and come back? (scene 4) Becuase he’s taunting Macbeth

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