(Macbeth) I am in bloodStepp’d in so far that, should I wade no more,Returning were as tedious as go o’er. Macbeth is realizing that after he has committed murder, there is no going back. He immediately regrets killing Duncan, but there is nothing he can do to change what has already happened. At this point in the play, Macbeth has made his bed. He has already killed Duncan, so there is no turning back. Yet he struggles a little. He is not sure what to do, and needs some time to think things through.
(Lady Macduff to her son) “when our actions do not, our fears make us traitors” Lady Macduff complains about her husband and how he is a coward for leaving his family. She is angry and believes that “when our actions do not, our fears make us traitors” (4.2.5), meaning she thinks he ran away to England out of cowardice, and that makes him a traitor to his family. Lady Macduff’s demands to know why her husband left and her accusing him of being a coward, showing how Shakespeare uses the theme of manhood again. Lady Macbeth’s angry complaints imply that a real man would not sacrifice his family’s safety for the good of his country.
(Macbeth says to Macduff), “But get thee back, my soul is too much charged With blood of thine already.” Macbeth doesn’t want to fight Macduff; he has already killed Macduff’s family
(Malcolm to Macduff?) says, “Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell. Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so.” Malcolm is trying to determine if Macduff is truly on his side against Macbeth, or if Macduff is an agent of Macbeth. The idea here is that Malcolm can’t determine whether Macduff is friend or foe by looking at him. Malcolm cannot assume Macduff is a traitor because he looks and seems so much like a good guy that he must be a traitor! The good still look good, even though bad is trying to look good for the sake of treachery.
(Lady Macbeth sleepwalking) ‘Out, damned spot! out, I say! – One: two: why, then, ’tis time to do’t. – Hell is murky! – Fie, my lord, fie! a soldier, and afeard? What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our power to account? – Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him? The ‘spot’ she is talking about is the imaginary blood she sees on her hands from the murders and other crimes she and her husband have been involved in. She then says that ‘hell is murky,’ which means that she already is in ‘hell’ or something like it, and she knows it is gloomy, or murky. She is feeling guilty. She mentions that no amount of water can wash away her crimes, ironic considering how she told Macbeth after the murder of Duncan that a little water would erase the evidence of their deeds.
(Macbeth to himself after hearing a woman scream) “I have supped full with horrors. Direness, familiar to my slaughterous thoughts Cannot once start me.” Macbeth in this quote he says how he has basically seen it all, nothing can ever scare him. He feels no fear of anything anymore, Macbeth asserted that he has almost forgotten what fear was. Not even a ghost story can scare him anymore. So Macbeth’s state of mind is absolutely blunt now and he is beginning to be fearless and careless about what he says. He knows or feels that his time of death is coming up.
(Macbeth to himself)”Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor playerThat struts and frets his hour upon the stageAnd then is heard no more. It is a taleTold by an idiot, full of sound and fury,Signifying nothing.” Just found out Lady Macbeth has diedlife is insignificant. We live our little lives raging against all its disappointments but it all comes to nothing. WE repeat the same mistakes tomorrow as we did today. Mankind has done this and will do this to the end of eternity.
Hecate expresses her displeasure at being excluded in the plans to meddle with Macbeth’s future. However, she decides to take over the plans, and tells the witches that when Macbeth comes to visit they will show him visions that fill him with a false sense of security.

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